English dictionary



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English noun: turn

1. turn (shape) a circular segment of a curve


SamplesA bend in the road.
A crook in the path.


Synonymsbend, crook, twist


Broader (hypernym)curve, curved shape


Narrower (hyponym)bight

2. turn (act) the act of changing or reversing the direction of the course


SamplesHe took a turn to the right.


Synonymsturning


Broader (hypernym)change of course


Narrower (hyponym)deflection, deflexion, deviation, digression, divagation, diversion, kick turn, left, right, stem, stem turn, swerve, swerving, telemark, three-point turn, veering, version

3. turn (act) (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession


SamplesIt is my turn.
It is still my play.


Synonymsplay


Broader (hypernym)activity


Narrower (hyponym)at-bat, attack, bat, down, innings, lead, move, ruff, start, starting, trick, trumping


Domain categorygame

4. turn (event) an unforeseen development


SamplesEvents suddenly took an awkward turn.


Synonymsturn of events, twist


Broader (hypernym)development

5. turn (event) a movement in a new direction


SamplesThe turning of the wind.


Synonymsturning


Broader (hypernym)motion, movement


Narrower (hyponym)coming back, gyration, return, reversal, revolution, rotation, swerve, turn around, volution, yaw

6. turn (act) the act of turning away or in the opposite direction


SamplesHe made an abrupt turn away from her.


Broader (hypernym)change of direction, reorientation

7. turn (act) turning or twisting around (in place)


SamplesWith a quick twist of his head he surveyed the room.


Synonymstwist


Broader (hypernym)rotary motion, rotation


Narrower (hyponym)twiddle

8. turn (time) a time for working (after which you will be relieved by someone else)


SamplesIt's my go.
A spell of work.


Synonymsgo, spell, tour


Broader (hypernym)duty period, shift, work shift

9. turn (time) (sports) a division during which one team is on the offensive


Synonymsbout, round


Broader (hypernym)division, part, section


Narrower (hyponym)bottom, bottom of the inning, top, top of the inning


Part meronymperiod of play, play, playing period


Domain categoryathletics, sport

10. turn (communication) a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program


SamplesHe did his act three times every evening.
She had a catchy little routine.
It was one of the best numbers he ever did.


Synonymsact, bit, number, routine


Broader (hypernym)performance, public presentation


Narrower (hyponym)show-stopper, showstopper, stopper

11. turn (act) a favor for someone


SamplesHe did me a good turn.


Synonymsgood turn


Broader (hypernym)favor, favour

12. turn (act) taking a short walk out and back


SamplesWe took a turn in the park.


Broader (hypernym)walk


English verb: turn

1. turn (motion) change orientation or direction, also in the abstract sense


SamplesTurn towards me.
The mugger turned and fled before I could see his face.
She turned from herself and learned to listen to others' needs.


ExamplesThey turn the car down the avenue


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Something is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)move


Narrower (hyponym)about-face, avert, bend, bend, caracole, circumvolve, coil, corkscrew, corner, curve, cut, deflect, deflect, deviate, divert, face, flip, flip, flip over, gee, gyrate, overturn, pivot, port, pronate, roll, roll over, rotate, rotate, sheer, slew, slue, spiral, spiral, splay, spread out, swerve, swing about, swing around, swivel, tip over, toss, trend, tump over, turn around, turn away, turn away, turn away, turn off, turn on a dime, turn out, turn over, turn over, turn over, twist, veer


Verb groupturn

2. turn (change) undergo a transformation or a change of position or action


SamplesWe turned from Socialism to Capitalism.
The people turned against the President when he stole the election.


Synonymschange state


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)change


Narrower (hyponym)acetify, acidify, alkalify, alkalise, alkalize, ameliorate, apparel, arouse, awake, awaken, basify, be born, become, better, black out, boil, break, break loose, burn, burst forth, buy the farm, calcify, calm, calm down, carbonise, carbonise, carbonize, carbonize, carburise, carburize, carnify, cash in one's chips, catalyse, catalyze, catch fire, chill, chill out, choke, chondrify, citrate, clabber, close, clot, clot, clothe, cloud over, coagulate, coke, combust, combust, come alive, come to, conceive, concentrate, conflagrate, conk, cool, cool down, cool it, cool off, croak, cross-fertilise, cross-fertilize, curdle, decease, decline, decompress, denitrify, die, discharge, disengage, dissolve, dress, drop dead, emaciate, emancipate, empty, emulsify, enclothe, equilibrate, erupt, esterify, etherify, exit, expire, explode, fade away, fade out, fall, ferment, fill, fill up, fit out, flourish, fluctuate, fly high, freeze, Frenchify, gain, garb, garment, get, get into, get worse, give-up the ghost, go, go, habilitate, heat, heat up, homogenise, homogenise, homogenize, homogenize, hot up, ignite, improve, inspissate, integrate, ionise, ionize, kick the bucket, liberate, liquefy, loosen up, lose weight, meliorate, melt off, open, open up, ossify, overgrow, pass, pass away, pass out, perish, pop off, precipitate, prosper, put on, raiment, react, reduce, relapse, relax, resuscitate, revive, secularise, secularize, settle down, shut, simmer down, slenderize, slim, slim down, slow down, snuff it, solvate, sorb, sour, take fire, take up, tangle with, tense, tense up, thicken, thin, thin, thrive, thrombose, tog, turn, unbend, unwind, wake, wake up, waken, work, worsen, zonk out


Verb groupbecome, grow, turn, turn

3. turn (stative) undergo a change or development


SamplesThe water turned into ice.
Her former friend became her worst enemy.
He turned traitor.


Synonymsbecome


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)metamorphose, transform, transmute


Narrower (hyponym)add up, amount, boil down, choke, come, come down, nucleate, reduce, suffocate


Verb groupchange state, turn, turn

4. turn (motion) cause to move around or rotate


SamplesTurn a key.
Turn your palm this way.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)displace, move


Narrower (hyponym)port, reorient, supinate


Verb groupturn, turn

5. turn (change) change to the contrary


SamplesThe trend was reversed.
The tides turned against him.
Public opinion turned when it was revealed that the president had an affair with a White House intern.


Synonymschange by reversal, reverse


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)change


Narrower (hyponym)alternate, commutate, commute, correct, deconsecrate, desecrate, desynchronise, desynchronize, exchange, falsify, flip, flip-flop, interchange, metamorphose, permute, rectify, regress, retrovert, return, revert, right, switch, switch, switch over, tack, transfigure, transmogrify, transpose, turn back, turn the tables, turn the tide, undo, unhallow

6. turn (motion) pass to the other side of


SamplesTurn the corner.
Move around the obstacle.


Synonymsmove around


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel

7. turn (change) pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become


SamplesThe weather turned nasty.
She grew angry.


ExamplesJohn will turn angry


Synonymsgrow


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Something ----s something Adjective/Noun.
Something ----s Adjective/Noun


Broader (hypernym)change


Narrower (hyponym)bald, turn


Verb groupchange state, turn

8. turn (contact) let (something) fall or spill from a container


SamplesTurn the flour onto a plate.


Synonymsrelease


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something PP


Broader (hypernym)channel, channelise, channelize, transfer, transmit, transport


Narrower (hyponym)deflate, throw

9. turn (motion) move around an axis or a center


SamplesThe wheels are turning.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)move


Narrower (hyponym)go around, revolve, rotate

10. turn (motion) cause to move around a center so as to show another side of


SamplesTurn a page of a book.


ExamplesThey turn the coin


Synonymsturn over


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)displace, move


Narrower (hyponym)evert, leaf

11. turn (motion) to send or let go


SamplesThey turned away the crowd at the gate of the governor's mansion.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)direct, send

12. turn (creation) to break and turn over earth especially with a plow


SamplesFarmer Jones plowed his east field last week.
Turn the earth in the Spring.


Synonymsplough, plow


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)till


Narrower (hyponym)disk, harrow, ridge


Entailcut into, delve, dig, turn over


Domain categoryagriculture, farming, husbandry

13. turn (contact) shape by rotating on a lathe or cutting device or a wheel


SamplesTurn the legs of the table.
Turn the clay on the wheel.


ExamplesThe girls turn the wooden sticks


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)form, shape


Verb groupturn

14. turn (change) change color


SamplesIn Vermont, the leaves turn early.


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)color, colour, discolor, discolour, grow, turn

15. turn (body) twist suddenly so as to sprain


SamplesWrench one's ankle.
The wrestler twisted his shoulder.
The hikers sprained their ankles when they fell.
I turned my ankle and couldn't walk for several days.


ExamplesDid he turn his foot?


Synonymsrick, sprain, twist, wrench, wrick


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)injure, wound

16. turn (stative) cause to change or turn into something different;assume new characteristics


SamplesThe princess turned the frog into a prince by kissing him.
The alchemists tried to turn lead into gold.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify


Verb groupbecome, turn

17. turn (social) accomplish by rotating


SamplesTurn a somersault.
Turn cartwheels.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)do, perform


Verb groupturn

18. turn (possession) get by buying and selling


SamplesThe company turned a good profit after a year.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)acquire, get


Domain categorycommerce, commercialism, mercantilism

19. turn (motion) cause to move along an axis or into a new direction


SamplesTurn your face to the wall.
Turn the car around.
Turn your dance partner around.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)displace, move


Narrower (hyponym)bring about


Verb groupturn

20. turn (motion) channel one's attention, interest, thought, or attention toward or away from something


SamplesThe pedophile turned to boys for satisfaction.
People turn to mysticism at the turn of a millennium.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)direct, send


Narrower (hyponym)take up

21. turn (contact) cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form


SamplesBend the rod.
Twist the dough into a braid.
The strong man could turn an iron bar.


Synonymsbend, deform, flex, twist


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)change form, change shape, deform


Narrower (hyponym)convolute, convolve, crank, dent, gnarl, incurvate, indent


Antonymsunbend

22. turn (contact) alter the functioning or setting of


SamplesTurn the dial to 10.
Turn the heat down.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)control, operate

23. turn (competition) direct at someone


SamplesShe turned a smile on me.
They turned their flashlights on the car.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)aim, direct, take, take aim, train

24. turn (communication) have recourse to or make an appeal or request for help or information to


SamplesShe called on her Representative to help her.
She turned to her relatives for help.


Synonymscall on


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE


Broader (hypernym)appeal, invoke

25. turn (change) go sour or spoil


SamplesThe milk has soured.
The wine worked.
The cream has turned--we have to throw it out.


Synonymsferment, sour, work


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)change state, turn


Verb groupferment, work

26. turn (change) become officially one year older


SamplesShe is turning 50 this year.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)age, get on, maturate, mature, senesce









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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