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English noun: motion

1. motion (communication) the use of movements (especially of the hands) to communicate familiar or prearranged signals


Broader (hypernym)visual communication

Narrower (hyponym)beck, bow, bowing, curtsey, curtsy, facial expression, facial gesture, flourish, gesticulation, high-five, nod, obeisance, previous question, shrug, sign, sign of the cross, V sign, wafture, wave, waving

2. motion (event) a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something


Broader (hypernym)happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent

Narrower (hyponym)approach, approaching, backlash, bend, bending, Brownian motion, Brownian movement, cam stroke, change of location, commotion, crustal movement, deflection, deflexion, heave, jitter, kick, moving ridge, passage, passing, pedesis, periodic motion, periodic movement, rebound, recoil, recoil, repercussion, seek, squeeze, stroke, tectonic movement, throw, travel, turn, turning, twist, undulation, undulation, wave, wave, whirl, wobble, wrench, wring

3. motion (act) a change of position that does not entail a change of location

SamplesThe reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his surprise.
Movement is a sign of life.
An impatient move of his hand.
Gastrointestinal motility.

Synonymsmotility, move, movement

Broader (hypernym)change

Narrower (hyponym)abduction, adduction, agitation, body English, circumduction, closing, dart, disturbance, eurhythmics, eurhythmy, eurythmics, eurythmy, eversion, everting, eye movement, fetal movement, flicker, flit, flutter, foetal movement, gesture, headshake, headshaking, inclination, inclining, inversion, inversion, jerk, jerking, jolt, kick, kicking, kneel, kneeling, lurch, opening, pitch, pitching, posing, prostration, quiver, quivering, reach, reaching, reciprocation, reclining, retraction, retroflection, retroflexion, rotary motion, rotation, saccade, shutting, sitting, sitting, snap, span, squat, squatting, squirm, standing, straddle, stretch, stroke, sweep, toss, upending, vibration, wave, waver, wiggle, wriggle

4. motion (state) a state of change

SamplesThey were in a state of steady motion.

Broader (hypernym)state

Narrower (hyponym)flow, palpitation, perpetual motion, precession, quiver, quivering, shakiness, shaking, stream, trembling, vibration

Attributemoving, nonmoving, unmoving

Antonymslifelessness, motionlessness, stillness

5. motion (communication) a formal proposal for action made to a deliberative assembly for discussion and vote

SamplesHe made a motion to adjourn.
She called for the question.


Broader (hypernym)proposal

6. motion (act) the act of changing location from one place to another

SamplesPolice controlled the motion of the crowd.
The movement of people from the farms to the cities.
His move put him directly in my path.

Synonymsmove, movement

Broader (hypernym)change

Narrower (hyponym)advance, advancement, approach, approaching, ascending, ascension, ascent, chase, coast, coming, crawl, descent, displacement, flow, following, forward motion, glide, haste, hurry, hurrying, locomotion, lunge, lurch, maneuver, manoeuvre, migration, onward motion, play, procession, progress, progression, pursual, pursuit, return, rise, rush, rushing, shift, shifting, slide, slippage, speed, speeding, stream, swing, swinging, translation, travel, travel, traveling, travelling, vacillation

7. motion (phenomenon) an optical illusion of motion produced by viewing a rapid succession of still pictures of a moving object

SamplesThe cinema relies on apparent motion.
The succession of flashing lights gave an illusion of movement.

Synonymsapparent motion, apparent movement, movement

Broader (hypernym)optical illusion

English verb: motion

1. motion (communication) show, express or direct through movement

SamplesHe gestured his desire to leave.

Synonymsgesticulate, gesture

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s to somebody

Broader (hypernym)communicate, intercommunicate

Narrower (hyponym)acclaim, applaud, beckon, bless, bow, bow down, clap, clap, cross oneself, exsert, extend, hold out, nod, put out, shake, shrug, sign, spat, spat, stretch forth, stretch out, wave, wink

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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