English noun: motion
|1.||motion (communication) the use of movements (especially of the hands) to communicate familiar or prearranged signals|
|Broader (hypernym)||visual communication|
|Narrower (hyponym)||beck, bow, bowing, curtsey, curtsy, facial expression, facial gesture, flourish, gesticulation, high-five, nod, obeisance, previous question, shrug, sign, sign of the cross, V sign, wafture, wave, waving|
|2.||motion (event) a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something|
|Broader (hypernym)||happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent|
|Narrower (hyponym)||approach, approaching, backlash, bend, bending, Brownian motion, Brownian movement, cam stroke, change of location, commotion, crustal movement, deflection, deflexion, heave, jitter, kick, moving ridge, passage, passing, pedesis, periodic motion, periodic movement, rebound, recoil, recoil, repercussion, seek, squeeze, stroke, tectonic movement, throw, travel, turn, turning, twist, undulation, undulation, wave, wave, whirl, wobble, wrench, wring|
|3.||motion (act) a change of position that does not entail a change of location|
|Samples||The reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his surprise.|
Movement is a sign of life.
An impatient move of his hand.
|Synonyms||motility, move, movement|
|Narrower (hyponym)||abduction, adduction, agitation, body English, circumduction, closing, dart, disturbance, eurhythmics, eurhythmy, eurythmics, eurythmy, eversion, everting, eye movement, fetal movement, flicker, flit, flutter, foetal movement, gesture, headshake, headshaking, inclination, inclining, inversion, inversion, jerk, jerking, jolt, kick, kicking, kneel, kneeling, lurch, opening, pitch, pitching, posing, prostration, quiver, quivering, reach, reaching, reciprocation, reclining, retraction, retroflection, retroflexion, rotary motion, rotation, saccade, shutting, sitting, sitting, snap, span, squat, squatting, squirm, standing, straddle, stretch, stroke, sweep, toss, upending, vibration, wave, waver, wiggle, wriggle|
|4.||motion (state) a state of change|
|Samples||They were in a state of steady motion.|
|Narrower (hyponym)||flow, palpitation, perpetual motion, precession, quiver, quivering, shakiness, shaking, stream, trembling, vibration|
|Attribute||moving, nonmoving, unmoving|
|Antonyms||lifelessness, motionlessness, stillness|
|5.||motion (communication) a formal proposal for action made to a deliberative assembly for discussion and vote|
|Samples||He made a motion to adjourn.|
She called for the question.
|6.||motion (act) the act of changing location from one place to another|
|Samples||Police controlled the motion of the crowd.|
The movement of people from the farms to the cities.
His move put him directly in my path.
|Narrower (hyponym)||advance, advancement, approach, approaching, ascending, ascension, ascent, chase, coast, coming, crawl, descent, displacement, flow, following, forward motion, glide, haste, hurry, hurrying, locomotion, lunge, lurch, maneuver, manoeuvre, migration, onward motion, play, procession, progress, progression, pursual, pursuit, return, rise, rush, rushing, shift, shifting, slide, slippage, speed, speeding, stream, swing, swinging, translation, travel, travel, traveling, travelling, vacillation|
|7.||motion (phenomenon) an optical illusion of motion produced by viewing a rapid succession of still pictures of a moving object|
|Samples||The cinema relies on apparent motion.|
The succession of flashing lights gave an illusion of movement.
|Synonyms||apparent motion, apparent movement, movement|
|Broader (hypernym)||optical illusion|
English verb: motion
|1.||motion (communication) show, express or direct through movement|
|Samples||He gestured his desire to leave.|
|Pattern of use||Somebody ----s.|
Somebody ----s to somebody
|Broader (hypernym)||communicate, intercommunicate|
|Narrower (hyponym)||acclaim, applaud, beckon, bless, bow, bow down, clap, clap, cross oneself, exsert, extend, hold out, nod, put out, shake, shrug, sign, spat, spat, stretch forth, stretch out, wave, wink|