English dictionary

Info: This web site is based on WordNet 3.0 from Princeton University.

English noun: burn

1. burn (state) pain that feels hot as if it were on fire


Broader (hypernym)hurting, pain

2. burn (state) a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun

Synonymssunburn, suntan, tan

Broader (hypernym)hyperpigmentation

3. burn (state) an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation

Broader (hypernym)harm, hurt, injury, trauma

Narrower (hyponym)electric burn, first-degree burn, scald, scorch, second-degree burn, singe, third-degree burn

4. burn (attribute) a place or area that has been burned (especially on a person's body)

Synonymsburn mark

Broader (hypernym)blemish, defect, mar

Narrower (hyponym)cigarette burn

5. burn (act) damage inflicted by fire

Broader (hypernym)damage, harm, hurt, scathe

Narrower (hyponym)scald

English verb: burn

1. burn (change) destroy by fire

SamplesThey burned the house and his diaries.

ExamplesThey burn the trees

Synonymsburn down, fire

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)destroy, ruin

Narrower (hyponym)backfire, cremate, scorch, torch

Verb groupburn, burn, combust, incinerate

2. burn (weather) shine intensely, as if with heat

SamplesThe coals were glowing in the dark.
The candles were burning.

ExamplesLights burn on the horizon, The horizon is burning with lights


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)beam, shine

Narrower (hyponym)gutter

3. burn (change) undergo combustion

SamplesMaple wood burns well.

ExamplesThe wooden sticks burn , These fabrics burn easily


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)change state, turn

Narrower (hyponym)blaze, blaze up, burn down, burn up, burn up, deflagrate, flame, flame up, flare, go up, scorch, sear, singe, smolder, smoulder

Verb groupburn, burn down, fire

4. burn (perception) cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort

SamplesThe sun burned his face.

Synonymsbite, sting

Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)ache, hurt, smart

Narrower (hyponym)nettle, urticate

Verb groupburn

5. burn (weather) cause to burn or combust

SamplesThe sun burned off the fog.
We combust coal and other fossil fuels.

ExamplesThey burn the trees


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)char, coal, deflagrate, ignite, light, set ablaze, set afire, set aflame, set on fire

Causeburn, combust

Verb groupcatch fire, combust, conflagrate, erupt, ignite, take fire

6. burn (emotion) feel strong emotion, especially anger or passion

SamplesShe was burning with anger.
He was burning to try out his new skies.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)experience, feel

7. burn (change) cause to undergo combustion

SamplesBurn garbage.
The car burns only Diesel oil.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)change integrity

Verb groupburn, burn down, fire, incinerate

8. burn (social) burn at the stake

SamplesWitches were burned in Salem.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)execute, put to death

Entailburn, burn down, fire

9. burn (possession) spend (significant amounts of money)

SamplesHe has money to burn.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)blow, squander, waste

10. burn (perception) feel hot or painful

SamplesMy eyes are burning.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)ache, hurt, smart

Verb groupbite, burn, sting

11. burn (change) burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent

SamplesThe surgeon cauterized the wart.

Synonymscauterise, cauterize

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)care for, treat

Entailscorch, sear

12. burn (body) get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun


Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)color, colour, discolor, discolour

13. burn (creation) create by duplicating data

SamplesCut a disk.
Burn a CD.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)create, make, produce

Verb groupcut

14. burn (consumption) use up (energy)

SamplesBurn off calories through vigorous exercise.

Synonymsburn off, burn up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)consume, deplete, eat, eat up, exhaust, run through, use up, wipe out

15. burn (change) burn with heat, fire, or radiation

SamplesThe iron burnt a hole in my dress.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)damage

Narrower (hyponym)blacken, char, scald, scorch, sear

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
Web design: Orcapia v/Per Bang. English edition: .
2020 onlineordbog.dk