English dictionary



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English noun: burn

1. burn (state) pain that feels hot as if it were on fire


Synonymsburning


Broader (hypernym)hurting, pain

2. burn (state) a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun


Synonymssunburn, suntan, tan


Broader (hypernym)hyperpigmentation

3. burn (state) an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation


Broader (hypernym)harm, hurt, injury, trauma


Narrower (hyponym)electric burn, first-degree burn, scald, scorch, second-degree burn, singe, third-degree burn

4. burn (attribute) a place or area that has been burned (especially on a person's body)


Synonymsburn mark


Broader (hypernym)blemish, defect, mar


Narrower (hyponym)cigarette burn

5. burn (act) damage inflicted by fire


Broader (hypernym)damage, harm, hurt, scathe


Narrower (hyponym)scald


English verb: burn

1. burn (change) destroy by fire


SamplesThey burned the house and his diaries.


ExamplesThey burn the trees


Synonymsburn down, fire


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)destroy, ruin


Narrower (hyponym)backfire, cremate, scorch, torch


Verb groupburn, burn, combust, incinerate

2. burn (weather) shine intensely, as if with heat


SamplesThe coals were glowing in the dark.
The candles were burning.


ExamplesLights burn on the horizon, The horizon is burning with lights


Synonymsglow


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)beam, shine


Narrower (hyponym)gutter

3. burn (change) undergo combustion


SamplesMaple wood burns well.


ExamplesThe wooden sticks burn , These fabrics burn easily


Synonymscombust


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)change state, turn


Narrower (hyponym)blaze, blaze up, burn down, burn up, burn up, deflagrate, flame, flame up, flare, go up, scorch, sear, singe, smolder, smoulder


Verb groupburn, burn down, fire

4. burn (perception) cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort


SamplesThe sun burned his face.


Synonymsbite, sting


Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)ache, hurt, smart


Narrower (hyponym)nettle, urticate


Verb groupburn

5. burn (weather) cause to burn or combust


SamplesThe sun burned off the fog.
We combust coal and other fossil fuels.


ExamplesThey burn the trees


Synonymscombust


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Narrower (hyponym)char, coal, deflagrate, ignite, light, set ablaze, set afire, set aflame, set on fire


Causeburn, combust


Verb groupcatch fire, combust, conflagrate, erupt, ignite, take fire

6. burn (emotion) feel strong emotion, especially anger or passion


SamplesShe was burning with anger.
He was burning to try out his new skies.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)experience, feel

7. burn (change) cause to undergo combustion


SamplesBurn garbage.
The car burns only Diesel oil.


Synonymsincinerate


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)change integrity


Verb groupburn, burn down, fire, incinerate

8. burn (social) burn at the stake


SamplesWitches were burned in Salem.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)execute, put to death


Entailburn, burn down, fire

9. burn (possession) spend (significant amounts of money)


SamplesHe has money to burn.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)blow, squander, waste

10. burn (perception) feel hot or painful


SamplesMy eyes are burning.


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)ache, hurt, smart


Verb groupbite, burn, sting

11. burn (change) burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent


SamplesThe surgeon cauterized the wart.


Synonymscauterise, cauterize


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)care for, treat


Entailscorch, sear

12. burn (body) get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun


Synonymssunburn


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)color, colour, discolor, discolour

13. burn (creation) create by duplicating data


SamplesCut a disk.
Burn a CD.


Synonymscut


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)create, make, produce


Verb groupcut

14. burn (consumption) use up (energy)


SamplesBurn off calories through vigorous exercise.


Synonymsburn off, burn up


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)consume, deplete, eat, eat up, exhaust, run through, use up, wipe out

15. burn (change) burn with heat, fire, or radiation


SamplesThe iron burnt a hole in my dress.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)damage


Narrower (hyponym)blacken, char, scald, scorch, sear









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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