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English noun: shape

1. shape (attribute) any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline)

SamplesHe could barely make out their shapes.

Synonymsconfiguration, conformation, contour, form

Broader (hypernym)spatial property, spatiality

Narrower (hyponym)angularity, bluntness, concaveness, concavity, convexity, convexness, crookedness, curvature, curve, dullness, keenness, lobularity, narrowing, roundness, sharpness, straightness, stratification, topography

Attributecrooked, straight

2. shape the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance

SamplesGeometry is the mathematical science of shape.


Broader (hypernym)attribute

Narrower (hyponym)amorphous shape, angular shape, angularity, circle, column, connection, connexion, distorted shape, distortion, figure, flair, flare, line, link, natural shape, pillar, plane, plume, round shape, sheet, solid, square, tower, triangle

3. shape (body) alternative names for the body of a human being

SamplesLeonardo studied the human body.
He has a strong physique.
The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.

Synonymsanatomy, bod, build, chassis, figure, flesh, form, frame, human body, material body, physical body, physique, soma

Broader (hypernym)body, organic structure, physical structure

Narrower (hyponym)adult body, female body, juvenile body, male body, person

Part meronymhomo, human, human being, individual, man, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul

4. shape (cognition) a concrete representation of an otherwise nebulous concept

SamplesA circle was the embodiment of his concept of life.


Broader (hypernym)concrete representation, concretism

5. shape (attribute) the visual appearance of something or someone

SamplesThe delicate cast of his features.

Synonymscast, form

Broader (hypernym)appearance, visual aspect

6. shape (state) the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape')


Broader (hypernym)good health, healthiness

Narrower (hyponym)fitness, physical fitness

7. SHAPE (group) the supreme headquarters that advises NATO on military matters and oversees all aspects of the Allied Command Europe

SynonymsSupreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe

Broader (hypernym)high command, supreme headquarters

Part meronymNATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization

8. shape (cognition) a perceptual structure

SamplesThe composition presents problems for students of musical form.
A visual pattern must include not only objects but the spaces between them.

Synonymsform, pattern

Broader (hypernym)structure

Narrower (hyponym)fractal, gestalt, grid, kaleidoscope, mosaic, strand

Part meronympercept, perception, perceptual experience

English verb: shape

1. shape (cognition) shape or influence; give direction to

SamplesExperience often determines ability.
Mold public opinion.

Synonymsdetermine, influence, mold, regulate

Pattern of useSomething ----s something.
Somebody ----s whether INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)cause, do, make

Narrower (hyponym)carry weight, decide, disincline, dispose, incline, index, indispose, miscreate, pace, predetermine, reshape, time

2. shape (creation) make something, usually for a specific function

SamplesShe molded the rice balls carefully.
Form cylinders from the dough.
Shape a figure.
Work the metal into a sword.

Synonymsforge, form, mold, mould, work

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)create from raw material, create from raw stuff

Narrower (hyponym)beat, carve, cast, chip, coil, cut out, grind, hand-build, handbuild, hill, layer, machine, model, mold, mold, mould, mould, mound, preform, preform, puddle, remold, reshape, roughcast, sculpt, sculpture, sinter, stamp, swage, throw, upset

Verb groupprocess, work, work on

3. shape (change) give shape or form to

SamplesShape the dough.
Form the young child's character.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)block, block, blow, circle, crystalise, crystalize, crystallise, crystallize, cup, deform, dimension, dish, distort, draw, encircle, fit, flatten, fork, individuate, plume, ridge, roll, round, round off, round out, scallop, scollop, sliver, square, square up, strain, strike, tabulate, terrace, tie, turn, twist

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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