English dictionary

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English adjective: close

1. close at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other

SamplesClose to noon.
How close are we to town?.
A close formation of ships.

Similaradjacent, adpressed, ambient, appressed, approximate, at hand, at hand, circumferent, close at hand, close at hand, close set, close together, close-hauled, close-set, contiguous, encompassing, enveloping, hand-to-hand, immediate, imminent, impendent, impending, juxtaposed, nestled, next, proximate, scalelike, side by side, snuggled, surrounding, walk-to, walking



2. close close in relevance or relationship

SamplesA close family.
We are all...in close sympathy with....
Close kin.
A close resemblance.

Similarapproximate, boon, buddy-buddy, chummy, close-knit, closely knit, confidential, cozy, dear, familiar, good, intimate, intimate, near, near, thick

Antonymsdistant, remote

3. close not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances

SamplesNear neighbors.
In the near future.
They are near equals.
His nearest approach to success.
A very near thing.
A near hit by the bomb.
She was near tears.
She was close to tears.
Had a close call.

Synonymsnear, nigh

Similaradjacent, hot, nearby, warm



4. close rigorously attentive; strict and thorough

SamplesClose supervision.
Paid close attention.
A close study.
Kept a close watch on expenditures.



5. close marked by fidelity to an original

SamplesA close translation.
A faithful copy of the portrait.
A faithful rendering of the observed facts.




6. close (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched

SamplesA close contest.
A close election.
A tight game.




7. close crowded

SamplesClose quarters.




8. close lacking fresh air

SamplesA dusty airless attic.
The dreadfully close atmosphere.
Hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke.

Synonymsairless, stuffy, unaired



9. close of textiles

SamplesA close weave.
Smooth percale with a very tight weave.



Antonymscoarse, harsh

10. close strictly confined or guarded

SamplesKept under close custody.



11. close confined to specific persons

SamplesA close secret.



12. close fitting closely but comfortably

SamplesA close fit.

Synonymsclose-fitting, snug



13. close used of hair or haircuts

SamplesA close military haircut.



14. close giving or spending with reluctance

SamplesOur cheeseparing administration.
Very close (or near) with his money.
A penny-pinching miserly old man.

Synonymscheeseparing, near, penny-pinching, skinny

Similarstingy, ungenerous


15. close inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information

SamplesAlthough they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it.

Synonymscloselipped, closemouthed, secretive, tightlipped

Similarincommunicative, uncommunicative

Antonymscommunicatory, communicative

English noun: close

1. close (time) the temporal end; the concluding time

SamplesThe stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell.
The market was up at the finish.
They were playing better at the close of the season.

Synonymsconclusion, finale, finis, finish, last, stopping point

Broader (hypernym)end, ending

2. close (communication) the last section of a communication

SamplesIn conclusion I want to say....

Synonymsclosing, conclusion, end, ending

Broader (hypernym)section, subdivision

Narrower (hyponym)anticlimax, bathos, coda, epilog, epilog, epilogue, epilogue, finale, peroration

Part meronymaddress, narration, recital, speech, yarn

3. close (act) the concluding part of any performance

Synonymsclosing curtain, finale, finis

Broader (hypernym)finish, finishing

English adverb: close

1. close near in time or place or relationship

SamplesAs the wedding day drew near.
Stood near the door.
Don't shoot until they come near.
Getting near to the true explanation.
Her mother is always near.
The end draws nigh.
The bullet didn't come close.
Don't get too close to the fire.

Synonymsnear, nigh

2. close in an attentive manner

SamplesHe remained close on his guard.

Synonymsclosely, tight

English verb: close

1. close (contact) move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut

SamplesClose the door.
Shut the window.

ExamplesThey want to close the doors


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)bang, bung, draw, roll up, seal, seal off, shutter, slam, slat, snap

Causeclose, shut

Verb groupclose, shut

Antonymsopen, open up

2. close (contact) become closed

SamplesThe windows closed with a loud bang.

ExamplesThe doors close


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)change state, turn

Verb groupclose, shut

Antonymsopen, open up

3. close (social) cease to operate or cause to cease operating

SamplesThe owners decided to move and to close the factory.
My business closes every night at 8 P.M..
Close up the shop.

ExamplesThe business is going to close

Synonymsclose down, close up, fold, shut down

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)adjourn, retire, withdraw

Antonymsopen, open up

4. close (social) finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.)

SamplesThe meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)end, terminate


5. close (stative) come to a close

SamplesThe concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)cease, end, finish, stop, terminate

6. close (communication) complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement

SamplesWe closed on the house on Friday.
They closed the deal on the building.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)end, terminate

7. close (stative) be priced or listed when trading stops

SamplesThe stock market closed high this Friday.
My new stocks closed at $59 last night.

Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)trade

8. close (social) engage at close quarters

SamplesClose with the enemy.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)engage, prosecute, pursue

9. close (perception) cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)end, terminate


10. close (motion) change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)move

Domain categoryball game, ballgame

11. close (motion) come together, as if in an embrace

SamplesHer arms closed around her long lost relative.

Synonymscome together

Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)move

12. close (motion) draw near

SamplesThe probe closed with the space station.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)approach, come near, come on, draw close, draw near, go up, near

13. close (contact) bring together all the elements or parts of

SamplesManagement closed ranks.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bring together, join

14. close (contact) bar access to

SamplesDue to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bar, barricade, block, block off, block up, blockade, stop

15. close (contact) fill or stop up

SamplesCan you close the cracks with caulking?.

Synonymsfill up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)fill

Narrower (hyponym)coapt, conglutinate, plug, seal, secure, stop up

16. close (contact) unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of

SamplesClose the circuit.
Close a wound.
Close a book.
Close up an umbrella.

Synonymsclose up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bring together, join

17. close (change) finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead

SamplesThe relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)complete, finish

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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