English dictionary



Info: This web site is based on WordNet 3.0 from Princeton University.

English adjective: close

1. close at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other


SamplesClose to noon.
How close are we to town?.
A close formation of ships.


Similaradjacent, adpressed, ambient, appressed, approximate, at hand, at hand, circumferent, close at hand, close at hand, close set, close together, close-hauled, close-set, contiguous, encompassing, enveloping, hand-to-hand, immediate, imminent, impendent, impending, juxtaposed, nestled, next, proximate, scalelike, side by side, snuggled, surrounding, walk-to, walking


Attributedistance


Antonymsdistant

2. close close in relevance or relationship


SamplesA close family.
We are all...in close sympathy with....
Close kin.
A close resemblance.


Similarapproximate, boon, buddy-buddy, chummy, close-knit, closely knit, confidential, cozy, dear, familiar, good, intimate, intimate, near, near, thick


Antonymsdistant, remote

3. close not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances


SamplesNear neighbors.
In the near future.
They are near equals.
His nearest approach to success.
A very near thing.
A near hit by the bomb.
She was near tears.
She was close to tears.
Had a close call.


Synonymsnear, nigh


Similaradjacent, hot, nearby, warm


Attributedistance


Antonymsfar

4. close rigorously attentive; strict and thorough


SamplesClose supervision.
Paid close attention.
A close study.
Kept a close watch on expenditures.


Similarcareful


Antonymscareless

5. close marked by fidelity to an original


SamplesA close translation.
A faithful copy of the portrait.
A faithful rendering of the observed facts.


Synonymsfaithful


Similaraccurate


Antonymsinaccurate

6. close (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched


SamplesA close contest.
A close election.
A tight game.


Synonymstight


Similarequal


Antonymsunequal

7. close crowded


SamplesClose quarters.


Synonymsconfining


Similarconfined


Antonymsunconfined

8. close lacking fresh air


SamplesA dusty airless attic.
The dreadfully close atmosphere.
Hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke.


Synonymsairless, stuffy, unaired


Similarunventilated


Antonymsventilated

9. close of textiles


SamplesA close weave.
Smooth percale with a very tight weave.


Synonymstight


Similarfine


Antonymscoarse, harsh

10. close strictly confined or guarded


SamplesKept under close custody.


Similarrestrained


Antonymsunrestrained

11. close confined to specific persons


SamplesA close secret.


Similarprivate


Antonymspublic

12. close fitting closely but comfortably


SamplesA close fit.


Synonymsclose-fitting, snug


Similartight


Antonymsloose

13. close used of hair or haircuts


SamplesA close military haircut.


Similarshort


Antonymslong

14. close giving or spending with reluctance


SamplesOur cheeseparing administration.
Very close (or near) with his money.
A penny-pinching miserly old man.


Synonymscheeseparing, near, penny-pinching, skinny


Similarstingy, ungenerous


Antonymsgenerous

15. close inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information


SamplesAlthough they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it.


Synonymscloselipped, closemouthed, secretive, tightlipped


Similarincommunicative, uncommunicative


Antonymscommunicatory, communicative


English noun: close

1. close (time) the temporal end; the concluding time


SamplesThe stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell.
The market was up at the finish.
They were playing better at the close of the season.


Synonymsconclusion, finale, finis, finish, last, stopping point


Broader (hypernym)end, ending

2. close (communication) the last section of a communication


SamplesIn conclusion I want to say....


Synonymsclosing, conclusion, end, ending


Broader (hypernym)section, subdivision


Narrower (hyponym)anticlimax, bathos, coda, epilog, epilog, epilogue, epilogue, finale, peroration


Part meronymaddress, narration, recital, speech, yarn

3. close (act) the concluding part of any performance


Synonymsclosing curtain, finale, finis


Broader (hypernym)finish, finishing


English adverb: close

1. close near in time or place or relationship


SamplesAs the wedding day drew near.
Stood near the door.
Don't shoot until they come near.
Getting near to the true explanation.
Her mother is always near.
The end draws nigh.
The bullet didn't come close.
Don't get too close to the fire.


Synonymsnear, nigh

2. close in an attentive manner


SamplesHe remained close on his guard.


Synonymsclosely, tight


English verb: close

1. close (contact) move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut


SamplesClose the door.
Shut the window.


ExamplesThey want to close the doors


Synonymsshut


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Narrower (hyponym)bang, bung, draw, roll up, seal, seal off, shutter, slam, slat, snap


Causeclose, shut


Verb groupclose, shut


Antonymsopen, open up

2. close (contact) become closed


SamplesThe windows closed with a loud bang.


ExamplesThe doors close


Synonymsshut


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)change state, turn


Verb groupclose, shut


Antonymsopen, open up

3. close (social) cease to operate or cause to cease operating


SamplesThe owners decided to move and to close the factory.
My business closes every night at 8 P.M..
Close up the shop.


ExamplesThe business is going to close


Synonymsclose down, close up, fold, shut down


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something


Narrower (hyponym)adjourn, retire, withdraw


Antonymsopen, open up

4. close (social) finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.)


SamplesThe meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)end, terminate


Antonymsopen

5. close (stative) come to a close


SamplesThe concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin.


Synonymsconclude


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)cease, end, finish, stop, terminate

6. close (communication) complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement


SamplesWe closed on the house on Friday.
They closed the deal on the building.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)end, terminate

7. close (stative) be priced or listed when trading stops


SamplesThe stock market closed high this Friday.
My new stocks closed at $59 last night.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)trade

8. close (social) engage at close quarters


SamplesClose with the enemy.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)engage, prosecute, pursue

9. close (perception) cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)end, terminate


Antonymsopen

10. close (motion) change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)move


Domain categoryball game, ballgame

11. close (motion) come together, as if in an embrace


SamplesHer arms closed around her long lost relative.


Synonymscome together


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)move

12. close (motion) draw near


SamplesThe probe closed with the space station.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)approach, come near, come on, draw close, draw near, go up, near

13. close (contact) bring together all the elements or parts of


SamplesManagement closed ranks.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)bring together, join

14. close (contact) bar access to


SamplesDue to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)bar, barricade, block, block off, block up, blockade, stop

15. close (contact) fill or stop up


SamplesCan you close the cracks with caulking?.


Synonymsfill up


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)fill


Narrower (hyponym)coapt, conglutinate, plug, seal, secure, stop up

16. close (contact) unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of


SamplesClose the circuit.
Close a wound.
Close a book.
Close up an umbrella.


Synonymsclose up


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)bring together, join

17. close (change) finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead


SamplesThe relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)complete, finish









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