English dictionary



Hint: Question mark (?) is a wildcard. Question mark substitutes one character.

English noun: play

1. play (communication) a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage


SamplesHe wrote several plays but only one was produced on Broadway.


Synonymsdrama, dramatic play


Broader (hypernym)dramatic composition, dramatic work


Narrower (hyponym)Grand Guignol, miracle play, morality play, mystery play, Passion play, playlet, satyr play, theater of the absurd


Part holonymact, stage direction


Domain categorydrama

2. play (communication) a theatrical performance of a drama


SamplesThe play lasted two hours.


Broader (hypernym)show


Narrower (hyponym)curtain raiser, musical, musical comedy, musical theater

3. play (act) a preset plan of action in team sports


SamplesThe coach drew up the plays for her team.


Broader (hypernym)plan of action


Narrower (hyponym)basketball play, football play, knock on, power play, razmataz, razzle, razzle-dazzle, razzmatazz

4. play (act) a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill


SamplesHe made a great maneuver.
The runner was out on a play by the shortstop.


Synonymsmaneuver, manoeuvre


Broader (hypernym)motion, move, movement


Narrower (hyponym)assist, ball hawking, baseball play, blitz, completion, figure, footwork, icing, icing the puck, jugglery, linebacker blitzing, mousetrap, obstruction, pass completion, safety blitz, shot, stroke, takeaway, trap play


Part meronymathletic game

5. play (state) a state in which action is feasible


SamplesThe ball was still in play.
Insiders said the company's stock was in play.


Broader (hypernym)action, activeness, activity

6. play (act) utilization or exercise


SamplesThe play of the imagination.


Broader (hypernym)employment, exercise, usage, use, utilisation, utilization

7. play (act) an attempt to get something


SamplesThey made a futile play for power.
He made a bid to gain attention.


Synonymsbid


Broader (hypernym)attempt, effort, endeavor, endeavour, try

8. play (act) activity by children that is guided more by imagination than by fixed rules


SamplesFreud believed in the utility of play to a small child.


Synonymschild's play


Broader (hypernym)diversion, recreation


Narrower (hyponym)doctor, fireman, house

9. play (time) (in games or plays or other performances) the time during which play proceeds


SamplesRain stopped play in the 4th inning.


Synonymsperiod of play, playing period


Broader (hypernym)amount, measure, quantity


Narrower (hyponym)golf hole, hole, set


Part holonymbout, chukka, chukker, final period, first period, frame, half, inning, over, period, quarter, round, second period, turn


Part meronymathletic game


Domain categorygame

10. play (state) the removal of constraints


SamplesHe gave free rein to his impulses.
They gave full play to the artist's talent.


Synonymsfree rein


Broader (hypernym)freedom

11. play (event) a weak and tremulous light


SamplesThe shimmer of colors on iridescent feathers.
The play of light on the water.


Synonymsshimmer


Broader (hypernym)alteration, change, modification

12. play (communication) verbal wit or mockery (often at another's expense but not to be taken seriously)


SamplesHe became a figure of fun.
He said it in sport.


Synonymsfun, sport


Broader (hypernym)humor, humour, wit, witticism, wittiness


Narrower (hyponym)clowning, comedy, drollery, funniness, jocosity, jocularity, paronomasia, pun, punning, waggery, waggishness, wordplay

13. play (attribute) movement or space for movement


SamplesThere was too much play in the steering wheel.


Synonymslooseness


Broader (hypernym)movability, movableness


Narrower (hyponym)slack, slackness, wiggliness


Antonymstautness, tightness

14. play (act) gay or light-hearted recreational activity for diversion or amusement


SamplesIt was all done in play.
Their frolic in the surf threatened to become ugly.


Synonymscaper, frolic, gambol, romp


Broader (hypernym)diversion, recreation


Narrower (hyponym)coquetry, craziness, dalliance, flirt, flirtation, flirting, folly, foolery, game, horseplay, indulgence, lunacy, teasing, tomfoolery, toying, word play

15. play (act) (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession


SamplesIt is my turn.
It is still my play.


Synonymsturn


Broader (hypernym)activity


Narrower (hyponym)at-bat, attack, bat, down, innings, lead, move, ruff, start, starting, trick, trumping


Domain categorygame

16. play (act) the act of playing for stakes in the hope of winning (including the payment of a price for a chance to win a prize)


SamplesHis gambling cost him a fortune.
There was heavy play at the blackjack table.


Synonymsgambling, gaming


Broader (hypernym)diversion, recreation, vice


Narrower (hyponym)bet, gambling game, game of chance, sporting life, throw, wager

17. play (act) the act using a sword (or other weapon) vigorously and skillfully


Synonymsswordplay


Broader (hypernym)action


Narrower (hyponym)fencing


English verb: play

1. play (competition) participate in games or sport


SamplesWe played hockey all afternoon.
Play cards.
Pele played for the Brazilian teams in many important matches.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)compete, contend, vie


Narrower (hyponym)ace, backstop, bandy, bid, bowl, bully off, call, catch, complete, cradle, cricket, croquet, curl, develop, develop, die, exit, face off, field, foul, fullback, fumble, gamble, golf, line up, misplay, nail, play out, put out, putt, quarterback, replay, revoke, seesaw, snooker, start, tee off, teeter-totter, teetertotter, unblock, volley, walk


Verb groupencounter, meet, play, take on

2. play (social) act or have an effect in a specified way or with a specific effect or outcome


SamplesThis factor played only a minor part in his decision.
This development played into her hands.
I played no role in your dismissal.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)act, move


Verb groupplay

3. play (creation) play on an instrument


SamplesThe band played all night long.


ExamplesSam and Sue play


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)perform


Narrower (hyponym)accompany, bow, busk, follow, play along, sound off, strike up, swing, symphonise, symphonize


Verb groupplay, play, spiel


Domain categorymusic

4. play (creation) play a role or part


SamplesGielgud played Hamlet.
She wants to act Lady Macbeth, but she is too young for the role.
She played the servant to her husband's master.


Synonymsact, represent


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)re-create


Narrower (hyponym)act out, act out, emote, enact, impersonate, make, make believe, parody, portray, pretend, reenact, support


Verb groupact, act, act as, play, play, play, playact, roleplay


Domain categoryperforming arts

5. play (social) be at play; be engaged in playful activity; amuse oneself in a way characteristic of children


SamplesThe kids were playing outside all day.
I used to play with trucks as a little girl.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)act


Narrower (hyponym)arse around, cavort, dabble, disport, fool, fool around, frisk, frolic, gambol, horse around, lark, lark about, paddle, rollick, romp, roughhouse, run around, skylark, splash around, sport


Verb groupplay, recreate

6. play (creation) replay (as a melody)


SamplesPlay it again, Sam.
She played the third movement very beautifully.


ExamplesThey will play the duet


Synonymsspiel


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)re-create


Narrower (hyponym)bang out, bugle, fiddle, jazz, misplay, modulate, prelude, rag, recapitulate, repeat, replay, reprise, reprize, riff, slur, tongue


Verb groupplay

7. play (creation) perform music on (a musical instrument)


SamplesHe plays the flute.
Can you play on this old recorder?.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)sound


Narrower (hyponym)beat, chord, clarion, drum, fiddle, harp, pipe, register, skirl, trumpet, tweedle


Verb groupplay


Domain categorymusic, music

8. play (body) pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind


SamplesHe acted the idiot.
She plays deaf when the news are bad.


Synonymsact, act as


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)act, behave, do


Verb groupact, act, behave, do, play, represent

9. play (motion) move or seem to move quickly, lightly, or irregularly


SamplesThe spotlights played on the politicians.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel

10. play (competition) bet or wager (money)


SamplesHe played $20 on the new horse.
She plays the races.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)gamble


Narrower (hyponym)underplay


Verb groupplay

11. play (social) engage in recreational activities rather than work; occupy oneself in a diversion


SamplesOn weekends I play.
The students all recreate alike.


Synonymsrecreate


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Verb groupplay

12. play (creation) pretend to be somebody in the framework of a game or playful activity


SamplesLet's play like I am mommy.
Play cowboy and Indians.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE


Broader (hypernym)assume, feign, sham, simulate


Verb groupact, play, represent

13. play (creation) emit recorded sound


SamplesThe tape was playing for hours.
The stereo was playing Beethoven when I entered.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)sound


Verb groupplay, run

14. play (creation) perform on a certain location


SamplesThe prodigy played Carnegie Hall at the age of 16.
She has been playing on Broadway for years.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)perform


Verb groupact, play, playact, roleplay


Domain categoryperforming arts

15. play (competition) put (a card or piece) into play during a game, or act strategically as if in a card game


SamplesHe is playing his cards close to his chest.
The Democrats still have some cards to play before they will concede the electoral victory.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)deploy


Narrower (hyponym)cover, declare, pitch


Verb groupplay, play

16. play (body) engage in an activity as if it were a game rather than take it seriously


SamplesThey played games on their opponents.
Play the stock market.
Play with her feelings.
Toy with an idea.


Synonymstoy


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)act, behave, do

17. play (social) behave in a certain way


SamplesPlay safe.
Play it safe.
Play fair.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Something ----s something Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s Adjective


Broader (hypernym)act, move


Verb groupplay

18. play (creation) cause to emit recorded audio or video


SamplesThey ran the tapes over and over again.
I'll play you my favorite record.
He never tires of playing that video.


ExamplesSam and Sue play the movie


Synonymsrun


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Verb groupexecute, play, run, run

19. play (contact) manipulate manually or in one's mind or imagination


SamplesShe played nervously with her wedding ring.
Don't fiddle with the screws.
He played with the idea of running for the Senate.


Synonymsdiddle, fiddle, toy


Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)manipulate


Narrower (hyponym)put out, retire

20. play (consumption) use to one's advantage


SamplesShe plays on her clients' emotions.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)exploit, work

21. play (cognition) consider not very seriously


SamplesHe is trifling with her.
She plays with the thought of moving to Tasmania.


ExamplesSam wants to play with Sue


Synonymsdally, trifle


Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)consider, deal, look at, take


Verb groupdally, flirt, play, toy

22. play (stative) be received or accepted or interpreted in a specific way


SamplesThis speech didn't play well with the American public.
His remarks played to the suspicions of the committee.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s

23. play (social) behave carelessly or indifferently


SamplesPlay about with a young girl's affection.


Synonymsdally, flirt, toy


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)act, move


Verb groupdally, play, trifle

24. play (motion) cause to move or operate freely within a bounded space


SamplesThe engine has a wheel that is playing in a rack.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)displace, move

25. play (creation) perform on a stage or theater


SamplesShe acts in this play.
He acted in `Julius Caesar'.
I played in `A Christmas Carol'.


Synonymsact, playact, roleplay


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)perform


Narrower (hyponym)ham, ham it up, mime, overact, overplay, pantomime, stooge, underact, underplay


Verb groupact, act, play, play, play, represent


Domain categorydramatic art, dramatics, dramaturgy, theater, theatre

26. play (creation) be performed or presented for public viewing


SamplesWhat's playing in the local movie theater?.
`Cats' has been playing on Broadway for many years.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP


Narrower (hyponym)debut


Verb groupact, play, playact, roleplay


Domain categoryperforming arts

27. play (creation) cause to happen or to occur as a consequence


SamplesI cannot work a miracle.
Wreak havoc.
Bring comments.
Play a joke.
The rain brought relief to the drought-stricken area.


Synonymsbring, make for, work, wreak


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)create, make


Verb groupact, work

28. play (contact) discharge or direct or be discharged or directed as if in a continuous stream


SamplesPlay water from a hose.
The fountains played all day.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)discharge

29. play (competition) make bets


SamplesPlay the races.
Play the casinos in Trouville.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)bet, play, wager


Verb groupbet, play, play, wager

30. play (competition) stake on the outcome of an issue


SamplesI bet $100 on that new horse.
She played all her money on the dark horse.


Synonymsbet, wager


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)gamble


Narrower (hyponym)back, bet on, gage, game, play, punt, raise, see, stake


Verb groupplay

31. play (competition) shoot or hit in a particular manner


SamplesShe played a good backhand last night.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)hit


Narrower (hyponym)hook


Verb groupencounter, meet, play, take on

32. play (competition) use or move


SamplesI had to play my queen.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize


Narrower (hyponym)promote


Verb groupencounter, meet, play, play, take on

33. play (competition) employ in a game or in a specific position


SamplesThey played him on first base.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize


Verb groupencounter, meet, play, play, take on

34. play (competition) contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle


SamplesPrinceton plays Yale this weekend.
Charlie likes to play Mary.


ExamplesSam and Sue play, Sam cannot play Sue


Synonymsencounter, meet, take on


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Narrower (hyponym)confront, face, replay


Entailcompete, contend, vie


Verb groupplay, play, play, play

35. play (body) exhaust by allowing to pull on the line


SamplesPlay a hooked fish.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)beat, exhaust, tucker, tucker out, wash up









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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