English dictionary

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English noun: form

1. form (communication) the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something

SamplesThe inflected forms of a word can be represented by a stem and a list of inflections to be attached.

Synonymsdescriptor, signifier, word form

Broader (hypernym)word

Narrower (hyponym)abbreviation, acronym, base, citation form, entry word, etymon, ghost word, main entry word, plural, plural form, radical, root, root, root word, singular, singular form, stem, theme

Domain categorylinguistics

2. form (cognition) a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality

SamplesSculpture is a form of art.
What kinds of desserts are there?.

Synonymskind, sort, variety

Broader (hypernym)category

Narrower (hyponym)antitype, art form, brand, color, colour, description, flavor, flavour, genre, genus, ilk, like, like, make, manner, model, species, stripe, style, the like, the likes of, type

3. form (cognition) a perceptual structure

SamplesThe composition presents problems for students of musical form.
A visual pattern must include not only objects but the spaces between them.

Synonymspattern, shape

Broader (hypernym)structure

Narrower (hyponym)fractal, gestalt, grid, kaleidoscope, mosaic, strand

Part meronympercept, perception, perceptual experience

4. form (attribute) any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline)

SamplesHe could barely make out their shapes.

Synonymsconfiguration, conformation, contour, shape

Broader (hypernym)spatial property, spatiality

Narrower (hyponym)angularity, bluntness, concaveness, concavity, convexity, convexness, crookedness, curvature, curve, dullness, keenness, lobularity, narrowing, roundness, sharpness, straightness, stratification, topography

Attributecrooked, straight

5. form (body) alternative names for the body of a human being

SamplesLeonardo studied the human body.
He has a strong physique.
The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.

Synonymsanatomy, bod, build, chassis, figure, flesh, frame, human body, material body, physical body, physique, shape, soma

Broader (hypernym)body, organic structure, physical structure

Narrower (hyponym)adult body, female body, juvenile body, male body, person

Part meronymhomo, human, human being, individual, man, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul

6. form the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance

SamplesGeometry is the mathematical science of shape.


Broader (hypernym)attribute

Narrower (hyponym)amorphous shape, angular shape, angularity, circle, column, connection, connexion, distorted shape, distortion, figure, flair, flare, line, link, natural shape, pillar, plane, plume, round shape, sheet, solid, square, tower, triangle

7. form (attribute) the visual appearance of something or someone

SamplesThe delicate cast of his features.

Synonymscast, shape

Broader (hypernym)appearance, visual aspect

8. form (communication) a printed document with spaces in which to write

SamplesHe filled out his tax form.

Broader (hypernym)document, papers, written document

Narrower (hyponym)application form, claim form, order form, questionnaire, requisition, requisition form, tax form, telegraph form

Part holonymblank space, place, space

9. form (group) (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups

SamplesA new strain of microorganisms.

Synonymsstrain, var., variant

Broader (hypernym)taxon, taxonomic category, taxonomic group

Member meronymspecies

Domain categorybiological science, biology

10. form (communication) an arrangement of the elements in a composition or discourse

SamplesThe essay was in the form of a dialogue.
He first sketches the plot in outline form.

Broader (hypernym)genre, literary genre, writing style

Narrower (hyponym)versification

11. form (attribute) a particular mode in which something is manifested

SamplesHis resentment took the form of extreme hostility.

Broader (hypernym)fashion, manner, mode, style, way

12. form (state) (physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system; matter that is identical in chemical composition and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary

SamplesThe reaction occurs in the liquid phase of the system.


Broader (hypernym)state, state of matter

Narrower (hyponym)dispersed particles, dispersed phase, dispersing medium, dispersing phase, dispersion medium

Domain categoryphysical chemistry

13. form (group) a body of students who are taught together

SamplesEarly morning classes are always sleepy.

Synonymsclass, course, grade

Broader (hypernym)assemblage, gathering

Narrower (hyponym)discussion section, master class, section

14. form (attribute) an ability to perform well

SamplesHe was at the top of his form.
The team was off form last night.

Broader (hypernym)ability

15. form (artifact) a life-size dummy used to display clothes

Synonymsmanakin, manikin, mannequin, mannikin

Broader (hypernym)dummy

16. form (artifact) a mold for setting concrete

SamplesThey built elaborate forms for pouring the foundation.

Broader (hypernym)cast, mold, mould

English verb: form

1. form (social) create (as an entity)

SamplesSocial groups form everywhere.
They formed a company.

Synonymsorganise, organize

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)create, make

Narrower (hyponym)choose up, draw up, regiment, regroup, reorganise, reorganize, syndicate

2. form (stative) to compose or represent:

SamplesThis wall forms the background of the stage setting.
The branches made a roof.
This makes a fine introduction.

Synonymsconstitute, make

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)be, comprise, constitute, make up, represent

Narrower (hyponym)add, chelate

3. form (stative) develop into a distinctive entity

SamplesOur plans began to take shape.

Synonymsspring, take form, take shape

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Something is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)become

Narrower (hyponym)regenerate

4. form (change) give shape or form to

SamplesShape the dough.
Form the young child's character.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)block, block, blow, circle, crystalise, crystalize, crystallise, crystallize, cup, deform, dimension, dish, distort, draw, encircle, fit, flatten, fork, individuate, plume, ridge, roll, round, round off, round out, scallop, scollop, sliver, square, square up, strain, strike, tabulate, terrace, tie, turn, twist

5. form (creation) make something, usually for a specific function

SamplesShe molded the rice balls carefully.
Form cylinders from the dough.
Shape a figure.
Work the metal into a sword.

Synonymsforge, mold, mould, shape, work

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)create from raw material, create from raw stuff

Narrower (hyponym)beat, carve, cast, chip, coil, cut out, grind, hand-build, handbuild, hill, layer, machine, model, mold, mold, mould, mould, mound, preform, preform, puddle, remold, reshape, roughcast, sculpt, sculpture, sinter, stamp, swage, throw, upset

Verb groupprocess, work, work on

6. form (social) establish or impress firmly in the mind

SamplesWe imprint our ideas onto our children.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something on somebody

Broader (hypernym)act upon, influence, work

7. form (change) assume a form or shape

SamplesThe water formed little beads.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)change

Narrower (hyponym)bead, brecciate, bunch, bunch up, bundle, clump, cluster, conglobate, conglobe, constellate, culminate, flake, grain, granulate, head, reticulate

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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