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English noun: control

1. control (attribute) power to direct or determine


SamplesUnder control.


Broader (hypernym)power, powerfulness


Narrower (hyponym)authorisation, authority, authorization, corporatism, dominance, hold, iron fist, potency, rein, say-so

2. control a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another


SamplesMeasures for the control of disease.
They instituted controls over drinking on campus.


Broader (hypernym)relation

3. control (act) (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc


SamplesThe timing and control of his movements were unimpaired.
He had lost control of his sphincters.


Broader (hypernym)activity, bodily function, bodily process, body process


Narrower (hyponym)motor control


Domain categoryphysiology

4. control (cognition) a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment


SamplesThe control condition was inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw.


Synonymscontrol condition


Broader (hypernym)criterion, standard


Part meronymexperiment, experimentation

5. control (act) the activity of managing or exerting control over something


SamplesThe control of the mob by the police was admirable.


Broader (hypernym)activity


Narrower (hyponym)crowd control, damage control, direction, federalisation, federalization, flight control, flood control, grasping, guidance, imperialism, internal control, ownership, possession, possession, power trip, prehension, price-fixing, regularisation, regularization, regulating, regulation, regulation, repression, restraint, riot control, riot control operation, seizing, self-control, self-denial, self-discipline, steerage, steering, steering, taking hold, traffic control

6. control (state) the state that exists when one person or group has power over another


SamplesHer apparent dominance of her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her.


Synonymsascendance, ascendancy, ascendence, ascendency, dominance


Broader (hypernym)condition, status


Narrower (hyponym)absolutism, ascendant, ascendent, despotism, domination, dominion, mastery, monopoly, predominance, predomination, prepotency, regulation, rule, supremacy, tyranny

7. control (attribute) discipline in personal and social activities


SamplesHe was a model of polite restraint.
She never lost control of herself.


Synonymsrestraint


Broader (hypernym)discipline


Narrower (hyponym)continence, inhibition, moderation, self-restraint, temperance, temperateness


Antonymsunrestraint

8. control (cognition) great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity


SamplesA good command of French.


Synonymscommand, mastery


Broader (hypernym)skillfulness

9. control (artifact) a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine


SamplesThe speed controller on his turntable was not working properly.
I turned the controls over to her.


Synonymscontroller


Broader (hypernym)mechanism


Narrower (hyponym)cruise control, dial, disk controller, electric switch, electrical switch, governor, handwheel, joystick, regulator, regulator, switch, valve

10. control (person) a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance


Broader (hypernym)disembodied spirit, spirit

11. control (communication) the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.


SamplesThey wanted to repeal all the legislation that imposed economic controls.


Broader (hypernym)economic policy


Narrower (hyponym)base, cap, ceiling, floor, price control, roof


English verb: control

1. control (social) exercise authoritative control or power over


SamplesControl the budget.
Command the military forces.


Synonymscommand


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Narrower (hyponym)becharm, call the shots, call the tune, care, channelise, channelize, charm, corner, deal, direct, dominate, draw rein, govern, govern, guide, handle, harness, head, hold, hold one's own, hold sway, internationalise, internationalize, manage, maneuver, manoeuver, manoeuvre, master, monopolise, monopolize, point, preoccupy, preside, regiment, rein, rein in, rule, steer, steer, wear the trousers

2. control (social) lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits


SamplesModerate your alcohol intake.
Hold your tongue.
Hold your temper.
Control your anger.


Synonymscheck, contain, curb, hold, hold in, moderate


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)hold back, keep, keep back, restrain


Narrower (hyponym)abnegate, bate, bound, catch, confine, conquer, counteract, countercheck, crucify, curb, damp, deny, inhibit, limit, mortify, restrain, restrict, restrict, stamp down, subdue, subdue, suppress, thermostat, throttle, train, trammel

3. control (contact) handle and cause to function


SamplesDo not operate machinery after imbibing alcohol.
Control the lever.


Synonymsoperate


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)manipulate


Narrower (hyponym)aviate, dial, drive, fly, gate, pedal, pilot, relay, submarine, synchronise, synchronize, treadle, turn


Verb groupcontrol, master

4. control (emotion) control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage


SamplesShe manipulates her boss.
She is a very controlling mother and doesn't let her children grow up.
The teacher knew how to keep the class in line.
She keeps in line.


Synonymskeep in line, manipulate


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)interact


Narrower (hyponym)handle, ingratiate, tease

5. control (social) check or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard


SamplesAre you controlling for the temperature?.


Synonymsverify


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)essay, examine, prove, test, try, try out


Verb groupascertain, assure, check, control, ensure, insure, see, see to it


Domain categoryscience, scientific discipline

6. control (cognition) verify by using a duplicate register for comparison


SamplesControl an account.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)ascertain, assure, check, control, ensure, insure, see, see to it


Domain categoryarchaicism, archaism

7. control (cognition) be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something


SamplesHe verified that the valves were closed.
See that the curtains are closed.
Control the quality of the product.


Synonymsascertain, assure, check, ensure, insure, see, see to it


Pattern of useSomebody ----s that CLAUSE


Broader (hypernym)verify


Narrower (hyponym)card, cinch, control, cover, cross-check, double-check, proof, proofread, spot-check


Verb groupascertain, check, check, check, check off, control, determine, find out, learn, mark, mark off, see, tick, tick off, verify, watch

8. control (cognition) have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of


SamplesDo you control these data?.


Synonymsmaster


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)know


Narrower (hyponym)cinch


Entailunderstand


Verb groupcontrol, operate









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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