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English noun: ferment

1. ferment (state) a state of agitation or turbulent change or development

SamplesThe political ferment produced new leadership.
Social unrest.

Synonymsagitation, fermentation, tempestuousness, unrest

Broader (hypernym)Sturm und Drang, turbulence, upheaval

2. ferment (substance) a substance capable of bringing about fermentation

Broader (hypernym)substance

3. ferment (process) a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol

Synonymsfermentation, fermenting, zymolysis, zymosis

Broader (hypernym)chemical action, chemical change, chemical process

Narrower (hyponym)bottom fermentation, top fermentation, vinification

English verb: ferment

1. ferment (emotion) be in an agitated or excited state

SamplesThe Middle East is fermenting.
Her mind ferments.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)boil, seethe

2. ferment (emotion) work up into agitation or excitement

SamplesIslam is fermenting Africa.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)fire up, heat, ignite, inflame, stir up, wake

3. ferment (change) cause to undergo fermentation

SamplesWe ferment the grapes for a very long time to achieve high alcohol content.
The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)convert

Narrower (hyponym)vinify

Causeferment, sour, turn, work

Verb groupferment, sour, turn, work

4. ferment (change) go sour or spoil

SamplesThe milk has soured.
The wine worked.
The cream has turned--we have to throw it out.

Synonymssour, turn, work

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)change state, turn

Verb groupferment, work

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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