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English noun: fall

1. fall (time) the season when the leaves fall from the trees


SamplesIn the fall of 1973.


Synonymsautumn


Broader (hypernym)season, time of year


Part holonymautumnal equinox, fall equinox, Indian summer, Saint Martin's summer, September equinox

2. fall (act) a sudden drop from an upright position


SamplesHe had a nasty spill on the ice.


Synonymsspill, tumble


Broader (hypernym)slip, trip


Narrower (hyponym)pratfall, wipeout

3. Fall (event) the lapse of mankind into sinfulness because of the sin of Adam and Eve


SamplesWomen have been blamed ever since the Fall.


Instance hypernymevent

4. fall (object) a downward slope or bend


Synonymsdeclension, declination, decline, declivity, descent, downslope


Broader (hypernym)incline, side, slope


Narrower (hyponym)downhill, steep


Antonymsacclivity, ascent, climb, upgrade, raise, rise

5. fall (act) a lapse into sin; a loss of innocence or of chastity


SamplesA fall from virtue.


Broader (hypernym)sin, sinning

6. fall (event) a sudden decline in strength or number or importance


SamplesThe fall of the House of Hapsburg.


Synonymsdownfall


Broader (hypernym)weakening


Narrower (hyponym)anticlimax


Antonymsrise

7. fall (event) a movement downward


SamplesThe rise and fall of the tides.


Broader (hypernym)change of location, travel


Antonymsrising, ascension, ascent, rise

8. fall (act) the act of surrendering (usually under agreed conditions)


SamplesThey were protected until the capitulation of the fort.


Synonymscapitulation, surrender


Broader (hypernym)loss

9. fall (time) the time of day immediately following sunset


SamplesHe loved the twilight.
They finished before the fall of night.


Synonymscrepuscle, crepuscule, dusk, evenfall, gloam, gloaming, nightfall, twilight


Broader (hypernym)hour, time of day


Narrower (hyponym)night


Part meronymeve, even, evening, eventide

10. fall (event) when a wrestler's shoulders are forced to the mat


Synonymspin


Broader (hypernym)triumph, victory


Narrower (hyponym)takedown


Part meronymwrestling match

11. fall (event) a free and rapid descent by the force of gravity


SamplesIt was a miracle that he survived the drop from that height.


Synonymsdrop


Broader (hypernym)descent, gravitation


Narrower (hyponym)free fall, plunge, precipitation

12. fall (attribute) a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity


SamplesA drop of 57 points on the Dow Jones index.
There was a drop in pressure in the pulmonary artery.
A dip in prices.
When that became known the price of their stock went into free fall.


Synonymsdip, drop, free fall


Broader (hypernym)decrease, decrement


Narrower (hyponym)correction, voltage drop


English verb: fall

1. fall (motion) descend in free fall under the influence of gravity


SamplesThe branch fell from the tree.
The unfortunate hiker fell into a crevasse.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel


Verb groupcome down, fall, precipitate

2. fall (motion) move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way


SamplesThe temperature is going down.
The barometer is falling.
The curtain fell on the diva.
Her hand went up and then fell again.


ExamplesThe airplane is sure to fall


Synonymscome down, descend, go down


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel


Narrower (hyponym)abseil, alight, avalanche, cascade, cascade down, climb down, correct, crash, decline, dismount, dive, drip, drop, flop, get down, get off, go down, go down, go under, go under, light, pitch, plop, plunge, plunk, pounce, precipitate, prolapse, rappel, roll down, rope down, set, settle, sink, sink, slump, subside, swoop, topple, tumble, unhorse


Antonymsascend, go up, rise, move up, lift, arise, come up, uprise, go up

3. fall (change) pass suddenly and passively into a state of body or mind


SamplesFall into a trap.
She fell ill.
They fell out of favor.
Fall in love.
Fall asleep.
Fall prey to an imposter.
Fall into a strange way of thinking.
She fell to pieces after she lost her work.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Something ----s Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s Adjective.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)change state, turn


Narrower (hyponym)drop, fall in love


See alsobreak, come apart, crumble, dawdle, drop away, drop off, drop off, fall apart, fall apart, fall away, fall back, fall back, fall behind, fall behind, fall flat, fall for, fall through, flop, founder, lag, lose, recede, separate, slip, split up

4. fall (stative) come under, be classified or included


SamplesFall into a category.
This comes under a new heading.


Synonymscome


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)be

5. fall (weather) fall from clouds


SamplesRain, snow and sleet were falling.
Vesuvius precipitated its fiery, destructive rage on Herculaneum.


Synonymscome down, precipitate


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something


Narrower (hyponym)hail, rain, rain down, sleet, snow, spat


Entailcondense, distil, distill


Verb groupfall

6. fall (social) suffer defeat, failure, or ruin


SamplesWe must stand or fall.
Fall by the wayside.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)fail, go wrong, miscarry

7. fall (stative) die, as in battle or in a hunt


SamplesMany soldiers fell at Verdun.
Several deer have fallen to the same gun.
The shooting victim fell dead.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)buy the farm, cash in one's chips, choke, conk, croak, decease, die, drop dead, exit, expire, give-up the ghost, go, kick the bucket, pass, pass away, perish, pop off, snuff it


Verb groupfall, fall

8. fall (stative) touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly


SamplesLight fell on her face.
The sun shone on the fields.
The light struck the golden necklace.
A strange sound struck my ears.


Synonymsshine, strike


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)come about, fall out, go on, hap, happen, occur, pass, pass off, take place

9. fall (possession) be captured


SamplesThe cities fell to the enemy.


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)yield


Verb groupfall

10. fall (change) occur at a specified time or place


SamplesChristmas falls on a Monday this year.
The accent falls on the first syllable.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)come about, fall out, go on, hap, happen, occur, pass, pass off, take place


Verb groupfall

11. fall (change) decrease in size, extent, or range


SamplesThe amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester.
The cabin pressure fell dramatically.
Her weight fell to under a hundred pounds.
His voice fell to a whisper.


Synonymsdecrease, diminish, lessen


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)change magnitude


Narrower (hyponym)abate, boil down, break, break, concentrate, contract, de-escalate, decelerate, decline, decoct, decrescendo, deflate, depreciate, devaluate, devalue, die away, drop off, dwindle, dwindle away, dwindle down, ease off, ease up, flag, fly, go down, let up, reduce, remit, retard, shorten, shrink, shrink, shrink, shrivel, shrivel, shrivel up, slack, slack off, slacken off, slow, slow down, slow up, taper, thin out, undervalue, vanish, vaporize, wane, wane, wane, weaken, wither


Antonymsincrease

12. fall (social) yield to temptation or sin


SamplesAdam and Eve fell.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)fall, sin, transgress, trespass


Verb groupfall

13. fall (social) lose office or power


SamplesThe government fell overnight.
The Qing Dynasty fell with Sun Yat-sen.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)leave office, quit, resign, step down


Verb groupfall

14. fall (possession) to be given by assignment or distribution


SamplesThe most difficult task fell on the youngest member of the team.
The onus fell on us.
The pressure to succeed fell on the youngest student.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Verb groupfall, fall, light

15. fall (motion) move in a specified direction


SamplesThe line of men fall forward.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel

16. fall (stative) be due


SamplesPayments fall on the 1st of the month.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)be


Verb groupfall

17. fall (social) lose one's chastity


SamplesA fallen woman.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Narrower (hyponym)fall


Verb groupfall

18. fall (possession) to be given by right or inheritance


SamplesThe estate fell to the oldest daughter.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Verb groupfall

19. fall (possession) come into the possession of


SamplesThe house accrued to the oldest son.


Synonymsaccrue


Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)change hands, change owners


Verb groupdevolve, fall, fall, light, pass, return

20. fall (possession) fall to somebody by assignment or lot


SamplesThe task fell to me.
It fell to me to notify the parents of the victims.


Synonymslight


Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE


Broader (hypernym)devolve, fall, pass, return


Verb groupaccrue, fall, fall

21. fall (possession) be inherited by


SamplesThe estate fell to my sister.
The land returned to the family.
The estate devolved to an heir that everybody had assumed to be dead.


Synonymsdevolve, pass, return


Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)change hands, change owners


Narrower (hyponym)fall, light


Verb groupaccrue, fall

22. fall (motion) slope downward


SamplesThe hills around here fall towards the ocean.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)incline, pitch, slope

23. fall (motion) lose an upright position suddenly


SamplesThe vase fell over and the water spilled onto the table.
Her hair fell across her forehead.


Synonymsfall down


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)change posture


Verb groupfall

24. fall (motion) drop oneself to a lower or less erect position


SamplesShe fell back in her chair.
He fell to his knees.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)change posture


Verb groupfall, fall down

25. fall (contact) fall or flow in a certain way


SamplesThis dress hangs well.
Her long black hair flowed down her back.


Synonymsflow, hang


Pattern of useSomething ----s Adjective/Noun

26. fall (change) assume a disappointed or sad expression


SamplesHer face fell when she heard that she would be laid off.
His crest fell.


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)change


Verb groupfall

27. fall (change) be cast down


SamplesHis eyes fell.


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)change


Verb groupfall

28. fall (change) come out; issue


SamplesSilly phrases fell from her mouth.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)come forth, come out, egress, emerge, go forth, issue

29. fall (change) be born, used chiefly of lambs


SamplesThe lambs fell in the afternoon.


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)be born

30. fall (change) begin vigorously


SamplesThe prisoners fell to work right away.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)begin, commence, get, get down, set about, set out, start, start out

31. fall (change) go as if by falling


SamplesGrief fell from our hearts.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)disappear, go away, vanish


Verb groupdescend, fall, settle

32. fall (change) come as if by falling


SamplesNight fell.
Silence fell.


Synonymsdescend, settle


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)come


Verb groupfall









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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