English dictionary

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English adjective: down

1. down being or moving lower in position or less in some value

SamplesLay face down.
The moon is down.
Our team is down by a run.
Down by a pawn.
The stock market is down today.

Similarbehind, downbound, downcast, downfield, downward, fallen, set, thrown, weak

See alsodescending, low


2. down extending or moving from a higher to a lower place

SamplesThe down staircase.
The downward course of the stream.




3. down becoming progressively lower

SamplesThe down trend in the real estate market.



4. down being put out by a strikeout

SamplesTwo down in the bottom of the ninth.



5. down understood perfectly

SamplesHad his algebra problems down.

Synonymsdown pat, mastered



6. down lower than previously

SamplesThe market is depressed.
Prices are down.




7. down shut

SamplesThe shades were down.



8. down not functioning (temporarily or permanently)

SamplesWe can't work because the computer is down.



9. down filled with melancholy and despondency

SamplesGloomy at the thought of what he had to face.
Gloomy predictions.
A gloomy silence.
Took a grim view of the economy.
The darkening mood.
Lonely and blue in a strange city.
Depressed by the loss of his job.
A dispirited and resigned expression on her face.
Downcast after his defeat.
Feeling discouraged and downhearted.

Synonymsblue, depressed, dispirited, down in the mouth, downcast, downhearted, gloomy, grim, low, low-spirited



English noun: down

1. down (animal) soft fine feathers

Synonymsdown feather

Broader (hypernym)feather, plumage, plume

Narrower (hyponym)duck down, goose down, plumule, swan's down

2. down (act) (American football) a complete play to advance the football

SamplesYou have four downs to gain ten yards.

Broader (hypernym)play, turn

Domain categoryAmerican football, American football game

3. Down (person) English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)

SynonymsJohn L. H. Down

Instance hypernymdoc, doctor, Dr., MD, medico, physician

4. down (object) (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil

Broader (hypernym)highland, upland

Domain usageplural, plural form

5. down (body) fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs)


Broader (hypernym)hair

Narrower (hyponym)lanugo

English adverb: down

1. down spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position

SamplesDon't fall down.
Rode the lift up and skied down.
Prices plunged downward.

Synonymsdownward, downwardly, downwards

Antonymsup, upward, upwardly, upwards

2. down away from a more central or a more northerly place

SamplesWas sent down to work at the regional office.
Worked down on the farm.
Came down for the wedding.
Flew down to Florida.


3. down paid in cash at time of purchase

SamplesPut ten dollars down on the necklace.

4. down from an earlier time

SamplesThe story was passed down from father to son.

5. down to a lower intensity

SamplesHe slowly phased down the light until the stage was completely black.


6. down in an inactive or inoperative state

SamplesThe factory went down during the strike.
The computer went down again.

English verb: down

1. down (consumption) drink down entirely

SamplesHe downed three martinis before dinner.
She killed a bottle of brandy that night.
They popped a few beer after work.

Synonymsbelt down, bolt down, drink down, kill, pop, pour down, toss off

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)drink, imbibe

2. down (consumption) eat immoderately

SamplesSome people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal.

ExamplesThey down more bread

Synonymsconsume, devour, go through

Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)eat

3. down (competition) bring down or defeat (an opponent)

ExamplesThe fighter managed to down his opponent

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)defeat, get the better of, overcome

Domain categoryathletics, sport

4. down (motion) shoot at and force to come down

SamplesThe enemy landed several of our aircraft.

Synonymsland, shoot down

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

5. down (contact) cause to come or go down

SamplesThe policeman downed the heavily armed suspect.
The mugger knocked down the old lady after she refused to hand over her wallet.

ExamplesThe fighter managed to down his opponent

Synonymscut down, knock down, pull down, push down

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)strike

Narrower (hyponym)submarine

6. down (change) improve or perfect by pruning or polishing

SamplesRefine one's style of writing.

Synonymsfine-tune, polish, refine

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)ameliorate, amend, better, improve, meliorate

Narrower (hyponym)civilise, civilize, cultivate, educate, over-refine, overrefine, school, train

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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