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English adjective: down

1. down being or moving lower in position or less in some value


SamplesLay face down.
The moon is down.
Our team is down by a run.
Down by a pawn.
The stock market is down today.


Similarbehind, downbound, downcast, downfield, downward, fallen, set, thrown, weak


See alsodescending, low


Antonymsup

2. down extending or moving from a higher to a lower place


SamplesThe down staircase.
The downward course of the stream.


Synonymsdownward


Similardescending


Antonymsascending

3. down becoming progressively lower


SamplesThe down trend in the real estate market.


Similarfalling


Antonymsrising

4. down being put out by a strikeout


SamplesTwo down in the bottom of the ninth.


Similarout


Antonymssafe

5. down understood perfectly


SamplesHad his algebra problems down.


Synonymsdown pat, mastered


Similarperfect


Antonymsimperfect

6. down lower than previously


SamplesThe market is depressed.
Prices are down.


Synonymsdepressed


Similarlow


Antonymshigh

7. down shut


SamplesThe shades were down.


Similarlowered


Antonymsraised

8. down not functioning (temporarily or permanently)


SamplesWe can't work because the computer is down.


Similarinoperative


Antonymsoperative

9. down filled with melancholy and despondency


SamplesGloomy at the thought of what he had to face.
Gloomy predictions.
A gloomy silence.
Took a grim view of the economy.
The darkening mood.
Lonely and blue in a strange city.
Depressed by the loss of his job.
A dispirited and resigned expression on her face.
Downcast after his defeat.
Feeling discouraged and downhearted.


Synonymsblue, depressed, dispirited, down in the mouth, downcast, downhearted, gloomy, grim, low, low-spirited


Similardejected


Antonymselated


English noun: down

1. down (animal) soft fine feathers


Synonymsdown feather


Broader (hypernym)feather, plumage, plume


Narrower (hyponym)duck down, goose down, plumule, swan's down

2. down (act) (American football) a complete play to advance the football


SamplesYou have four downs to gain ten yards.


Broader (hypernym)play, turn


Domain categoryAmerican football, American football game

3. Down (person) English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)


SynonymsJohn L. H. Down


Instance hypernymdoc, doctor, Dr., MD, medico, physician

4. down (object) (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil


Broader (hypernym)highland, upland


Domain usageplural, plural form

5. down (body) fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs)


Synonymspile


Broader (hypernym)hair


Narrower (hyponym)lanugo


English adverb: down

1. down spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position


SamplesDon't fall down.
Rode the lift up and skied down.
Prices plunged downward.


Synonymsdownward, downwardly, downwards


Antonymsup, upward, upwardly, upwards

2. down away from a more central or a more northerly place


SamplesWas sent down to work at the regional office.
Worked down on the farm.
Came down for the wedding.
Flew down to Florida.


Antonymsup

3. down paid in cash at time of purchase


SamplesPut ten dollars down on the necklace.

4. down from an earlier time


SamplesThe story was passed down from father to son.

5. down to a lower intensity


SamplesHe slowly phased down the light until the stage was completely black.


Antonymsup

6. down in an inactive or inoperative state


SamplesThe factory went down during the strike.
The computer went down again.


English verb: down

1. down (consumption) drink down entirely


SamplesHe downed three martinis before dinner.
She killed a bottle of brandy that night.
They popped a few beer after work.


Synonymsbelt down, bolt down, drink down, kill, pop, pour down, toss off


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)drink, imbibe

2. down (consumption) eat immoderately


SamplesSome people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal.


ExamplesThey down more bread


Synonymsconsume, devour, go through


Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)eat

3. down (competition) bring down or defeat (an opponent)


ExamplesThe fighter managed to down his opponent


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)defeat, get the better of, overcome


Domain categoryathletics, sport

4. down (motion) shoot at and force to come down


SamplesThe enemy landed several of our aircraft.


Synonymsland, shoot down


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

5. down (contact) cause to come or go down


SamplesThe policeman downed the heavily armed suspect.
The mugger knocked down the old lady after she refused to hand over her wallet.


ExamplesThe fighter managed to down his opponent


Synonymscut down, knock down, pull down, push down


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)strike


Narrower (hyponym)submarine

6. down (change) improve or perfect by pruning or polishing


SamplesRefine one's style of writing.


Synonymsfine-tune, polish, refine


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)ameliorate, amend, better, improve, meliorate


Narrower (hyponym)civilise, civilize, cultivate, educate, over-refine, overrefine, school, train









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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