English dictionary



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English noun: stem

1. stem (communication) (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed


SamplesThematic vowels are part of the stem.


Synonymsbase, radical, root, root word, theme


Broader (hypernym)descriptor, form, signifier, word form


Domain categorylinguistics

2. stem (plant) a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ


Synonymsstalk


Broader (hypernym)plant organ


Narrower (hyponym)axis, beanstalk, bole, branch, bulb, cane, carpophore, caudex, caudex, cladode, cladophyll, corm, corn stalk, cornstalk, culm, cutting, filament, flower stalk, funicle, funiculus, gynophore, halm, haulm, leafstalk, petiole, petiolule, phylloclad, phylloclade, rhizome, rootstalk, rootstock, scape, slip, sporangiophore, stipe, stock, tree trunk, trunk, tuber


Part holonyminternode, leaf node, node, receptacle

3. stem (artifact) cylinder forming a long narrow part of something


Synonymsshank


Broader (hypernym)cylinder


Part meronymanchor, grip, ground tackle, handgrip, handle, hold, key, nail, pin, wineglass

4. stem (artifact) the tube of a tobacco pipe


Broader (hypernym)tube, tubing


Part meronympipe, tobacco pipe

5. stem (artifact) front part of a vessel or aircraft


SamplesHe pointed the bow of the boat toward the finish line.


Synonymsbow, fore, prow


Broader (hypernym)front


Part meronymvessel, watercraft

6. stem (act) a turn made in skiing; the back of one ski is forced outward and the other ski is brought parallel to it


Synonymsstem turn


Broader (hypernym)turn, turning


English verb: stem

1. stem (stative) grow out of, have roots in, originate in


SamplesThe increase in the national debt stems from the last war.


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)originate in

2. stem (stative) cause to point inward


SamplesStem your skis.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)orient

3. stem (change) stop the flow of a liquid


SamplesStaunch the blood flow.
Stem the tide.


Synonymshalt, stanch, staunch


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)check

4. stem (change) remove the stem from


SamplesFor automatic natural language processing, the words must be stemmed.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)remove, take, take away, withdraw









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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