English dictionary

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English noun: stem

1. stem (communication) (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed

SamplesThematic vowels are part of the stem.

Synonymsbase, radical, root, root word, theme

Broader (hypernym)descriptor, form, signifier, word form

Domain categorylinguistics

2. stem (plant) a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ


Broader (hypernym)plant organ

Narrower (hyponym)axis, beanstalk, bole, branch, bulb, cane, carpophore, caudex, caudex, cladode, cladophyll, corm, corn stalk, cornstalk, culm, cutting, filament, flower stalk, funicle, funiculus, gynophore, halm, haulm, leafstalk, petiole, petiolule, phylloclad, phylloclade, rhizome, rootstalk, rootstock, scape, slip, sporangiophore, stipe, stock, tree trunk, trunk, tuber

Part holonyminternode, leaf node, node, receptacle

3. stem (artifact) cylinder forming a long narrow part of something


Broader (hypernym)cylinder

Part meronymanchor, grip, ground tackle, handgrip, handle, hold, key, nail, pin, wineglass

4. stem (artifact) the tube of a tobacco pipe

Broader (hypernym)tube, tubing

Part meronympipe, tobacco pipe

5. stem (artifact) front part of a vessel or aircraft

SamplesHe pointed the bow of the boat toward the finish line.

Synonymsbow, fore, prow

Broader (hypernym)front

Part meronymvessel, watercraft

6. stem (act) a turn made in skiing; the back of one ski is forced outward and the other ski is brought parallel to it

Synonymsstem turn

Broader (hypernym)turn, turning

English verb: stem

1. stem (stative) grow out of, have roots in, originate in

SamplesThe increase in the national debt stems from the last war.

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)originate in

2. stem (stative) cause to point inward

SamplesStem your skis.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)orient

3. stem (change) stop the flow of a liquid

SamplesStaunch the blood flow.
Stem the tide.

Synonymshalt, stanch, staunch

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)check

4. stem (change) remove the stem from

SamplesFor automatic natural language processing, the words must be stemmed.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)remove, take, take away, withdraw

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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