English dictionary

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English adjective: set

1. set (usually followed by `to' or `for') on the point of or strongly disposed

SamplesIn no fit state to continue.
Fit to drop.
Laughing fit to burst.
She was fit to scream.
Primed for a fight.
We are set to go at any time.

Synonymsfit, primed



2. set fixed and unmoving

SamplesWith eyes set in a fixed glassy stare.
His bearded face already has a set hollow look.
A face rigid with pain.

Synonymsfixed, rigid

Similarnonmoving, unmoving


3. set situated in a particular spot or position

SamplesValuable centrally located urban land.
Strategically placed artillery.
A house set on a hilltop.
Nicely situated on a quiet riverbank.

Synonymslocated, placed, situated



4. set set down according to a plan:

SamplesA carefully laid table with places set for four people.
Stones laid in a pattern.


Similararranged, ordered


5. set being below the horizon

SamplesThe moon is set.



6. set determined or decided upon as by an authority

SamplesDate and place are already determined.
The dictated terms of surrender.
The time set for the launching.

Synonymsdetermined, dictated



7. set converted to solid form (as concrete)




English noun: set

1. set (group) a group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used

SamplesA set of books.
A set of golf clubs.
A set of teeth.

Broader (hypernym)accumulation, aggregation, assemblage, collection

Narrower (hyponym)brace, bracket, Cartesian product, chess set, choir, conjugation, consort, core, core group, dentition, field, field, field, intersection, join, manicure set, nucleus, octet, octette, pair, portfolio, product, quadruple, quadruplet, quartet, quartette, quintet, quintette, quintuple, quintuplet, score, septet, septette, sestet, sextet, sextette, singleton, suite, sum, synset, teeth, threescore, triad, trio, triple, triplet, union

Member holonymvolume

2. set (group) (mathematics) an abstract collection of numbers or symbols

SamplesThe set of prime numbers is infinite.

Broader (hypernym)abstract entity, abstraction

Narrower (hyponym)diagonal, domain, domain of a function, field, group, image, intersection, interval, locus, Mandelbrot set, mathematical group, mathematical space, null set, range, range of a function, root, solution, subset, topological space, universal set

Domain categorymath, mathematics, maths

3. set (act) several exercises intended to be done in series

SamplesHe did four sets of the incline bench press.

Synonymsexercise set

Broader (hypernym)exercise, exercising, physical exercise, physical exertion, workout

4. set (artifact) representation consisting of the scenery and other properties used to identify the location of a dramatic production

SamplesThe sets were meticulously authentic.

Synonymsstage set

Broader (hypernym)representation

Narrower (hyponym)scene, scenery

Part holonymset decoration

Part meronymmise en scene, setting, stage setting

5. set (group) an unofficial association of people or groups

SamplesThe smart set goes there.
They were an angry lot.

Synonymsband, circle, lot

Broader (hypernym)social group

Narrower (hyponym)camp, car pool, clique, cohort, company, confederacy, conspiracy, coterie, Four Hundred, horsey set, horsy set, ingroup, inner circle, jet set, pack, party

6. set (cognition) a relatively permanent inclination to react in a particular way

SamplesThe set of his mind was obvious.


Broader (hypernym)disposition, inclination, tendency

7. set (act) the act of putting something in position

SamplesHe gave a final set to his hat.

Broader (hypernym)emplacement, locating, location, placement, position, positioning

8. set (time) a unit of play in tennis or squash

SamplesThey played two sets of tennis after dinner.

Broader (hypernym)period of play, play, playing period

Part holonymgame

9. set (process) the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization

SamplesThe hardening of concrete.
He tested the set of the glue.

Synonymscuring, hardening, solidification, solidifying

Broader (hypernym)action, activity, natural action, natural process

Narrower (hyponym)congealment, congelation

Part meronymplastination

10. Set (person) evil Egyptian god with the head of a beast that has high square ears and a long snout; brother and murderer of Osiris


Instance hypernymEgyptian deity

11. set (event) the descent of a heavenly body below the horizon

SamplesBefore the set of sun.

Broader (hypernym)descent

12. set (cognition) (psychology) being temporarily ready to respond in a particular way

SamplesThe subjects' set led them to solve problems the familiar way and to overlook the simpler solution.
His instructions deliberately gave them the wrong set.


Broader (hypernym)cognitive state, state of mind

Domain categorypsychological science, psychology

13. set (artifact) any electronic equipment that receives or transmits radio or tv signals

SamplesThe early sets ran on storage batteries.

Broader (hypernym)electronic equipment

Narrower (hyponym)receiver, receiving system, sender, transmitter

Part meronymcommunication equipment, communication system

English verb: set

1. set (contact) put into a certain place or abstract location

SamplesPut your things here.
Set the tray down.
Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children.
Place emphasis on a certain point.

ExamplesThey set the bags on the table

Synonymslay, place, pose, position, put

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)displace, move

Narrower (hyponym)appose, arrange, barrel, bed, bottle, bucket, butt, clap, cock, coffin, cram, deposit, dispose, docket, emplace, emplace, enclose, ensconce, fix, glycerolise, glycerolize, ground, imbricate, inclose, insert, instal, install, intersperse, introduce, jar, juxtapose, ladle, lay, lay over, lean, load, lose, marshal, middle, mislay, misplace, misplace, nestle, parallelize, park, perch, pigeonhole, pile, pillow, place down, place upright, plant, plant, poise, posit, position, postpose, prepose, put back, put down, put down, put in, put in, rack up, recess, recline, replace, repose, repose, reposition, rest, rest, seat, seat, seat, seed, set, set, set down, set down, set up, set up, settle, settle, settle down, shelve, ship, sign, siphon, sit, sit down, situate, snuggle, sow, space, stand, stand up, step, stick in, stratify, superimpose, superpose, superpose, tee, tee up, throw, throw, thrust, trench, underlay, upend

2. set (cognition) fix conclusively or authoritatively

SamplesSet the rules.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE.
Somebody ----s to somebody

Narrower (hyponym)assess, charge, date, filiate, format, identify, initialise, initialize, place, price, tax, value

3. set (communication) decide upon or fix definitely

SamplesFix the variables.
Specify the parameters.

Synonymsdefine, determine, fix, limit, specify

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)choose, pick out, select, take

Narrower (hyponym)define, name, quantify, reset

4. set (communication) establish as the highest level or best performance

SamplesSet a record.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)establish, lay down, make

5. set (change) put into a certain state; cause to be in a certain state

SamplesSet the house afire.

Pattern of useSomething ----s something Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)keynote, pitch

6. set (contact) fix in a border

SamplesThe goldsmith set the diamond.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)arrange, set up

7. set (change) make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc

SamplesGet the children ready for school!.
Prepare for war.
I was fixing to leave town after I paid the hotel bill.

Synonymsfix, gear up, prepare, ready, set up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody PP.
Somebody ----s something PP.
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)brace, cram, crop, cultivate, fix, lay out, mount, poise, precondition, prime, provide, set, set up, socialise, socialize, summerise, summerize, winterise, winterize, work

8. set (change) set to a certain position or cause to operate correctly

SamplesSet clocks or instruments.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)adjust, correct, set

Narrower (hyponym)advance, reset, set ahead

9. set (creation) locate

SamplesThe film is set in Africa.

Synonymslocalise, localize, place

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)present, represent, stage

10. set (motion) disappear beyond the horizon

SamplesThe sun sets early these days.

ExamplesThe moon will soon set

Synonymsgo down, go under

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)come down, descend, fall, go down

Domain categoryastronomy, uranology

Antonymsuprise, ascend, come up, rise

11. set (creation) adapt for performance in a different way

SamplesSet this poem to music.

ExamplesDid he set his major works over a short period of time?


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)compose, write

Narrower (hyponym)prearrange, put, table, tabularise, tabularize, tabulate, transpose

Domain categorymusic

12. set (contact) put or set (seeds, seedlings, or plants) into the ground

SamplesLet's plant flowers in the garden.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)lay, place, pose, position, put, set

Narrower (hyponym)afforest, bed, checkrow, dibble, forest, puddle, replant, root, tree

13. set (creation) apply or start

SamplesSet fire to a building.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)initiate, originate, start

14. set (change) become gelatinous

SamplesThe liquid jelled after we added the enzyme.

Synonymscongeal, jell

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)solidify

15. set (creation) set in type

SamplesMy book will be typeset nicely.
Set these words in italics.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)impress, print

16. set (contact) put into a position that will restore a normal state

SamplesSet a broken bone.

ExamplesDid he set his foot?

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)lay, place, pose, position, put, set

17. set (contact) insert (a nail or screw below the surface, as into a countersink)


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bury, sink

18. set (contact) give a fine, sharp edge to a knife or razor

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)hone

19. set (competition) urge to attack someone

SamplesThe owner sicked his dogs on the intruders.
The shaman sics sorcerers on the evil spirits.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something on somebody

Broader (hypernym)assail, assault, attack, set on

20. set (cognition) estimate

SamplesWe put the time of arrival at 8 P.M..

Synonymsplace, put

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)approximate, estimate, gauge, guess, judge

21. set (change) equip with sails or masts

SamplesRig a ship.

Synonymsrig, set up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)equip, fit, fit out, outfit

22. set (change) get ready for a particular purpose or event

SamplesSet up an experiment.
Set the table.
Lay out the tools for the surgery.

Synonymslay out, set up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)fix, gear up, prepare, ready, set, set up

23. set (change) alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard

SamplesAdjust the clock, please.
Correct the alignment of the front wheels.

Synonymsadjust, correct

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something.
Somebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)align, attune, calibrate, citify, coordinate, decompress, depressurise, depressurize, fine-tune, fit, focalise, focalize, focus, graduate, harmonise, harmonize, justify, linearise, linearize, match, modulate, modulate, ordinate, plumb, pressurise, pressurize, proportion, readjust, reconcile, regulate, reset, set, sharpen, sync, synchronise, synchronize, temper, time, time, trim, tune, tune, tune up, tune up, zero, zero, zero in

24. set (body) bear fruit

SamplesThe apple trees fructify.


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)multiply, procreate, reproduce

25. set (body) arrange attractively

SamplesDress my hair for the wedding.

ExamplesThey set their hair

Synonymsarrange, coif, coiffe, coiffure, do, dress

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)groom, neaten

Narrower (hyponym)bob, wave

Verb groupcurry, dress, groom

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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