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English adjective: back

1. back related to or located at the back


SamplesThe back yard.
The back entrance.


Similarbackmost, hindermost, hindmost, rear, rearmost, rearward


See alsoaft, posterior


Antonymsfront

2. back located at or near the back of an animal


SamplesBack (or hind) legs.
The hinder part of a carcass.


Synonymshind, hinder


Similarposterior


Antonymsanterior

3. back of an earlier date


SamplesBack issues of the magazine.


Similarnoncurrent


Antonymscurrent


English noun: back

1. back (body) the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine


SamplesHis back was nicely tanned.


Synonymsdorsum


Broader (hypernym)body part


Part holonymdorsal vertebra, lat, latissimus dorsi, lumbar vertebra, saddle, small, thoracic vertebra


Part meronymbody, torso, trunk

2. back (artifact) the side that goes last or is not normally seen


SamplesHe wrote the date on the back of the photograph.


Synonymsrear


Broader (hypernym)side


Narrower (hyponym)after part, empennage, poop, quarter, stern, tail, tail, tail assembly


Antonymsfront

3. back (location) the part of something that is furthest from the normal viewer


SamplesHe stood at the back of the stage.
It was hidden in the rear of the store.


Synonymsrear


Broader (hypernym)place, position


Antonymsfront

4. back (person) (football) a person who plays in the backfield


Broader (hypernym)football player, footballer


Narrower (hyponym)field general, flanker, flanker back, quarterback, running back, signal caller, tailback, wingback


Domain categoryfootball, football game

5. back (body) the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord


SamplesThe fall broke his back.


Synonymsbackbone, rachis, spinal column, spine, vertebral column


Broader (hypernym)skeletal structure


Narrower (hyponym)chine, notochord


Part holonymcanalis vertebralis, coccyx, intervertebral disc, intervertebral disk, spinal canal, tail bone, vertebra, vertebral canal


Part meronymaxial skeleton

6. back (artifact) the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book


SamplesThe book had a leather binding.


Synonymsbinding, book binding, cover


Broader (hypernym)protection, protective cover, protective covering


Narrower (hyponym)half binding, three-quarter binding


Part meronymbook, volume

7. back (artifact) the part of a garment that covers the back of your body


SamplesThey pinned a `kick me' sign on his back.


Broader (hypernym)cloth covering

8. back (artifact) a support that you can lean against while sitting


SamplesThe back of the dental chair was adjustable.


Synonymsbackrest


Broader (hypernym)support


Narrower (hyponym)cantle, ladder-back


Part meronymcar seat, chair

9. back (act) (American football) the position of a player on a football team who is stationed behind the line of scrimmage


Broader (hypernym)position


Narrower (hyponym)field general, fullback, halfback, line backer, linebacker, quarterback, signal caller, tailback, wingback


Member meronymbackfield, secondary


Domain categoryAmerican football, American football game


English adverb: back

1. back in or to or toward a former location


SamplesShe went back to her parents' house.

2. back at or to or toward the back or rear


SamplesHe moved back.
Tripped when he stepped backward.
She looked rearward out the window of the car.


Synonymsbackward, backwards, rearward, rearwards


Antonymsforrad, forrard, forward, forwards, frontward, frontwards

3. back in or to or toward an original condition


SamplesHe went back to sleep.

4. back in or to or toward a past time


SamplesSet the clocks back an hour.
Never look back.
Lovers of the past looking fondly backward.


Synonymsbackward


Antonymsahead, forward

5. back in reply


SamplesHe wrote back three days later.

6. back in repayment or retaliation


SamplesWe paid back everything we had borrowed.
He hit me and I hit him back.
I was kept in after school for talking back to the teacher.


English verb: back

1. back (social) be behind; approve of


SamplesHe plumped for the Labor Party.
I backed Kennedy in 1960.


Synonymsendorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for, support


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)approve, O.K., okay, sanction


Narrower (hyponym)champion, defend, guarantee, warrant


Verb groupback, endorse, indorse, second

2. back (motion) travel backward


SamplesBack into the driveway.
The car backed up and hit the tree.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel


Narrower (hyponym)back out


Verb groupback

3. back (social) give support or one's approval to


SamplesI'll second that motion.
I can't back this plan.
Endorse a new project.


Synonymsendorse, indorse, second


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)back up, support


Verb groupback, endorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for, support

4. back (motion) cause to travel backward


SamplesBack the car into the parking spot.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody PP.
Somebody ----s something PP


Causeback


Verb groupback


Antonymsbring forward, advance

5. back (possession) support financial backing for


SamplesBack this enterprise.


ExamplesSam and Sue back the movie


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)finance

6. back (stative) be in back of


SamplesMy garage backs their yard.


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)lie


Antonymsfront, face, look

7. back (competition) place a bet on


SamplesWhich horse are you backing?.
I'm betting on the new horse.


Synonymsbet on, gage, game, punt, stake


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s on something


Broader (hypernym)bet, play, wager


Narrower (hyponym)ante, double up, parlay

8. back (change) shift to a counterclockwise direction


SamplesThe wind backed.


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)change over, shift, switch


Antonymsveer

9. back (change) establish as valid or genuine


SamplesCan you back up your claims?.


Synonymsback up


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)affirm, confirm, corroborate, substantiate, support, sustain

10. back (change) strengthen by providing with a back or backing


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)strengthen









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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