English dictionary

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English adjective: sound

1. sound financially secure and safe

SamplesSound investments.
A sound economy.

Similardependable, good, healthy, safe, secure, solid, stable

See alsofit, healthy, unbroken, undamaged, uninjured, wholesome


2. sound exercising or showing good judgment

SamplesHealthy scepticism.
A healthy fear of rattlesnakes.
The healthy attitude of French laws.
Healthy relations between labor and management.
An intelligent solution.
A sound approach to the problem.
Sound advice.
No sound explanation for his decision.

Synonymshealthy, intelligent, level-headed, levelheaded

Similarreasonable, sensible


3. sound in good condition; free from defect or damage or decay

SamplesA sound timber.
The wall is sound.
A sound foundation.

Similarsolid, strong, substantial


4. sound in excellent physical condition

SamplesGood teeth.
I still have one good leg.
A sound mind in a sound body.




5. sound logically valid

SamplesA sound argument.

Synonymsreasoned, well-grounded



6. sound having legal efficacy or force

SamplesA sound title to the property.

Synonymseffectual, legal



7. sound free from moral defect

SamplesA man of sound character.



8. sound (of sleep) deep and complete

SamplesA heavy sleep.
Fell into a profound sleep.
A sound sleeper.
Deep wakeless sleep.

Synonymsheavy, profound, wakeless



9. sound thorough

SamplesA sound thrashing.


Antonymsincomplete, uncomplete

English noun: sound

1. sound (attribute) the particular auditory effect produced by a given cause

SamplesThe sound of rain on the roof.
The beautiful sound of music.

Broader (hypernym)sound property

Narrower (hyponym)noisiness, racketiness, ring, unison, voice

Antonymssilence, quiet

2. sound (cognition) the subjective sensation of hearing something

SamplesHe strained to hear the faint sounds.

Synonymsauditory sensation

Broader (hypernym)aesthesis, esthesis, sensation, sense datum, sense experience, sense impression

Narrower (hyponym)dissonance, dub, euphony, music, music, noise, pure tone, racket, tone

3. sound (phenomenon) mechanical vibrations transmitted by an elastic medium

SamplesFalling trees make a sound in the forest even when no one is there to hear them.

Broader (hypernym)mechanical phenomenon

Narrower (hyponym)ultrasound

4. sound (event) the sudden occurrence of an audible event

SamplesThe sound awakened them.

Broader (hypernym)happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent

Narrower (hyponym)beat, beep, bell, birr, bleep, bombilation, bombination, bong, buzz, chink, chirp, chirrup, chorus, click, click-clack, clink, clip-clop, clippety-clop, clop, clopping, clump, clumping, clunk, clunking, cry, ding, drip, dripping, drum, drum roll, drumbeat, footfall, footstep, gargle, gurgle, jangle, jingle, knock, knocking, murmur, murmuration, murmuring, mussitation, mutter, muttering, noise, paradiddle, pat, patter, peal, pealing, ping, plunk, pop, popping, purr, quack, quaver, rap, rataplan, ring, ringing, roll, roll, rolling, rub-a-dub, sigh, skirl, song, step, strum, susurration, susurrus, swish, tap, tapping, throbbing, thrum, thud, thump, thumping, thunk, tick, ticking, ting, tinkle, tintinnabulation, toll, toot, tootle, trample, trampling, twang, twitter, vibrato, voice, vroom, whack, whir, whirr, whirring, whistle, whistling, whiz, zing, zizz

5. sound (communication) the audible part of a transmitted signal

SamplesThey always raise the audio for commercials.


Broader (hypernym)auditory communication

Part meronymtelecasting, television, TV, video

6. sound (communication) (phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language

Synonymsphone, speech sound

Broader (hypernym)language unit, linguistic unit

Narrower (hyponym)consonant, glide, orinasal, orinasal phone, phoneme, semivowel, sonant, voiced sound, vowel, vowel sound

Part meronymutterance, vocalization

Domain categoryphonetics

7. sound (object) a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water


Broader (hypernym)channel

Narrower (hyponym)narrow

Instance hyponymBering Strait, Bosporus, Canakkale Bogazi, Cook Strait, Dardanelles, East River, Golden Gate, Hellespont, Kattegatt, Korea Strait, Korean Strait, Menai Strait, North Channel, Pas de Calais, Skagerak, Skagerrak, Solent, Strait of Calais, Strait of Dover, Strait of Georgia, Strait of Gibraltar, Strait of Hormuz, Strait of Magellan, Strait of Messina, Strait of Ormuz, Torres Strait

8. sound (object) a large ocean inlet or deep bay

SamplesThe main body of the sound ran parallel to the coast.

Broader (hypernym)body of water, water

Instance hyponymLong Island Sound, Puget Sound, Queen Charlotte Sound

English verb: sound

1. sound (perception) appear in a certain way

SamplesThis sounds interesting.

ExamplesJohn will sound angry

Pattern of useSomething ----s Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s Adjective

Broader (hypernym)appear, look, seem

2. sound (perception) make a certain noise or sound

SamplesShe went `Mmmmm'.
The gun went `bang'.

ExamplesThe woods sound with many kinds of birds


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Something ----s Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s Adjective

Broader (hypernym)cause to be perceived

Narrower (hyponym)babble, bang, beat, beat, beep, birr, blare, bleep, blow, blow, bombilate, bombinate, boom, boom, boom out, bubble, burble, buzz, chatter, chime, chink, chug, clang, clangor, clangor, clangour, clank, claxon, click, click, clink, clop, clump, clunk, crack, crack, crash, din, drone, drum, echo, glug, grumble, guggle, guggle, gurgle, gurgle, honk, hum, knock, knock, lap, make noise, noise, patter, peal, ping, ping, pink, pink, pitter-patter, plunk, pop, purr, rap, rattle, resonate, resound, resound, reverberate, ring, ring, ripple, roll, rumble, rustle, sing, skirl, slosh, slush, snap, snarl, splash, splat, splosh, squelch, swish, swoosh, swosh, tap, thrum, thrum, thud, thump, tick, tick, ticktack, ticktock, ting, tink, tinkle, toot, trump, twang, tweet, twirp, vibrate, whir, whirr, whish, whistle, whistle, whiz, whizz

3. sound (perception) give off a certain sound or sounds

SamplesThis record sounds scratchy.

Pattern of useSomething ----s Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s Adjective

Narrower (hyponym)cackel, dissonate, pierce, play, speak

4. sound (perception) announce by means of a sound

SamplesSound the alarm.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)announce, denote

5. sound (communication) utter with vibrating vocal chords

Synonymsvocalise, vocalize, voice

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)articulate, enounce, enunciate, pronounce, say, sound out

Narrower (hyponym)chirk, quaver, waver


6. sound (perception) cause to sound

SamplesSound the bell.
Sound a certain note.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)blow, clink, gong, knell, play, pop, prepare, ring, strum, thrum, ting, twang

Causego, sound

7. sound (change) measure the depth of (a body of water) with a sounding line


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)measure, quantify

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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