English dictionary



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English noun: run

1. run (act) a score in baseball made by a runner touching all four bases safely


SamplesThe Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th.
Their first tally came in the 3rd inning.


Synonymstally


Broader (hypernym)score


Narrower (hyponym)earned run, rbi, run batted in, unearned run

2. run (act) the act of testing something


SamplesIn the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately.
He called each flip of the coin a new trial.


Synonymstest, trial


Broader (hypernym)attempt, effort, endeavor, endeavour, try


Narrower (hyponym)assay, audition, clinical test, clinical trial, double blind, field trial, fitting, Ministry of Transportation test, MOT, MOT test, pilot program, pilot project, preclinical phase, preclinical test, preclinical trial, Snellen test, try-on, trying on, tryout

3. run (event) a race run on foot


SamplesShe broke the record for the half-mile run.


Synonymsfoot race, footrace


Broader (hypernym)race


Narrower (hyponym)fun run, funrun, marathon, obstacle race, steeplechase, track event

4. run (group) an unbroken series of events


SamplesHad a streak of bad luck.
Nicklaus had a run of birdies.


Synonymsstreak


Broader (hypernym)succession


Narrower (hyponym)losing streak, winning streak

5. run (act) (American football) a play in which a player attempts to carry the ball through or past the opposing team


SamplesThe defensive line braced to stop the run.
The coach put great emphasis on running.


Synonymsrunning, running game, running play


Broader (hypernym)football play


Narrower (hyponym)draw, draw play, end run, return, reverse, rush, rushing, sweep


Domain categoryAmerican football, American football game

6. run (act) a regular trip


SamplesThe ship made its run in record time.


Broader (hypernym)trip

7. run (act) the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace


SamplesHe broke into a run.
His daily run keeps him fit.


Synonymsrunning


Broader (hypernym)locomotion, travel


Narrower (hyponym)dash, sprint

8. run (time) the continuous period of time during which something (a machine or a factory) operates or continues in operation


SamplesThe assembly line was on a 12-hour run.


Broader (hypernym)period, period of time, time period


Narrower (hyponym)press run, print run, run-time

9. run (state) unrestricted freedom to use


SamplesHe has the run of the house.


Broader (hypernym)liberty

10. run (quantity) the production achieved during a continuous period of operation (of a machine or factory etc.)


SamplesA daily run of 100,000 gallons of paint.


Broader (hypernym)indefinite quantity

11. run (object) a small stream


Synonymsrill, rivulet, runnel, streamlet


Broader (hypernym)stream, watercourse

12. run (event) a race between candidates for elective office


SamplesI managed his campaign for governor.
He is raising money for a Senate run.


Synonymscampaign, political campaign


Broader (hypernym)race


Narrower (hyponym)campaign for governor, governor's race, senate campaign, senate race

13. run (event) a row of unravelled stitches


SamplesShe got a run in her stocking.


Synonymsladder, ravel


Broader (hypernym)damage, harm, impairment

14. run (event) the pouring forth of a fluid


Synonymsdischarge, outpouring


Broader (hypernym)flow, flowing


Narrower (hyponym)escape, jet, leak, leakage, outflow, spirt, spurt, squirt

15. run (attribute) an unbroken chronological sequence


SamplesThe play had a long run on Broadway.
The team enjoyed a brief run of victories.


Broader (hypernym)chronological sequence, chronological succession, sequence, succession, successiveness

16. run (act) a short trip


SamplesTake a run into town.


Broader (hypernym)trip


English verb: run

1. run (motion) move fast by using one's feet, with one foot off the ground at any given time


SamplesDon't run--you'll be out of breath.
The children ran to the store.


ExamplesThe horses run across the field


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)hurry, speed, travel rapidly, zip


Narrower (hyponym)clip, hare, jog, jog, lope, outrun, romp, run, run bases, rush, scamper, scurry, scuttle, skitter, sprint, streak, trot


Verb grouprun

2. run (motion) flee; take to one's heels; cut and run


SamplesIf you see this man, run!.
The burglars escaped before the police showed up.


Synonymsbreak away, bunk, escape, fly the coop, head for the hills, hightail it, lam, run away, scarper, scat, take to the woods, turn tail


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)go away, go forth, leave


Narrower (hyponym)flee, fly, skedaddle, take flight

3. run (stative) stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point


SamplesService runs all the way to Cranbury.
His knowledge doesn't go very far.
My memory extends back to my fourth year of life.
The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets.


Synonymsextend, go, lead, pass


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)be


Narrower (hyponym)come, go deep, go far, radiate, ray


Verb grouprange, run

4. run (social) direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.


SamplesShe is running a relief operation in the Sudan.


Synonymsoperate


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)direct


Narrower (hyponym)block, financier, warm up, work

5. run (stative) have a particular form


SamplesThe story or argument runs as follows.
As the saying goes....


Synonymsgo


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)be

6. run (motion) move along, of liquids


SamplesWater flowed into the cave.
The Missouri feeds into the Mississippi.


ExamplesWater and oil run into the bowl


Synonymscourse, feed, flow


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)move


Narrower (hyponym)circulate, drain, dribble, eddy, filter, flush, gush, gutter, jet, ooze, pour, purl, run down, run off, run out, run out, seep, spill, stream, surge, swirl, tide, trickle, waste, well out, whirl, whirlpool

7. run (contact) perform as expected when applied


SamplesThe washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in.
Does this old car still run well?.
This old radio doesn't work anymore.


ExamplesThese cars won't run


Synonymsfunction, go, operate, work


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Narrower (hyponym)cut, double, roll, run, serve, service


Verb grouprun, work


Antonymsmalfunction, misfunction

8. run (stative) change or be different within limits


SamplesEstimates for the losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion.
Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent.
The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals.
My students range from very bright to dull.


Synonymsrange


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)be


Verb groupextend, go, lead, lead, pass, run, run

9. run (competition) run, stand, or compete for an office or a position


SamplesWho's running for treasurer this year?.


Synonymscampaign


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)race, run


Narrower (hyponym)cross-file, register, rerun, stump, whistlestop

10. run (creation) cause to emit recorded audio or video


SamplesThey ran the tapes over and over again.
I'll play you my favorite record.
He never tires of playing that video.


ExamplesSam and Sue run the movie


Synonymsplay


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Verb groupexecute, play, run, run

11. run (motion) move about freely and without restraint, or act as if running around in an uncontrolled way


SamplesWho are these people running around in the building?.
She runs around telling everyone of her troubles.
Let the dogs run free.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel


Verb grouprun, run

12. run (stative) have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined


SamplesShe tends to be nervous before her lectures.
These dresses run small.
He inclined to corpulence.


Synonymsbe given, incline, lean, tend


Pattern of useSomebody ----s to INFINITIVE


Broader (hypernym)be


Narrower (hyponym)gravitate, suffer, take kindly to

13. run (contact) be operating, running or functioning


SamplesThe car is still running--turn it off!.


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)function, go, operate, run, work


Verb groupfunction, go, operate, run, work


Antonymsidle, tick over

14. run (change) change from one state to another


SamplesRun amok.
Run rogue.
Run riot.


Pattern of useSomething ----s Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s Adjective.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)become, get, go

15. run (change) cause to perform


SamplesRun a subject.
Run a process.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)process, treat


Narrower (hyponym)rerun


Verb groupplay, run

16. run (stative) be affected by; be subjected to


SamplesRun a temperature.
Run a risk.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)incur

17. run (stative) continue to exist


SamplesThese stories die hard.
The legend of Elvis endures.


Synonymsdie hard, endure, persist, prevail


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)continue


Narrower (hyponym)carry over, reverberate


Verb grouprun

18. run (stative) occur persistently


SamplesMusical talent runs in the family.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)occur


Verb groupdie hard, endure, persist, prevail, run

19. run (social) carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine


SamplesRun the dishwasher.
Run a new program on the Mac.
The computer executed the instruction.


Synonymsexecute


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)apply, enforce, implement


Narrower (hyponym)step


Verb groupplay, run

20. run (creation) include as the content; broadcast or publicize


SamplesWe ran the ad three times.
This paper carries a restaurant review.
All major networks carried the press conference.


Synonymscarry


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)broadcast, circularise, circularize, circulate, diffuse, disperse, disseminate, distribute, pass around, propagate, spread

21. run (creation) carry out


SamplesRun an errand.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)accomplish, action, carry out, carry through, execute, fulfil, fulfill

22. run (contact) pass over, across, or through


SamplesHe ran his eyes over her body.
She ran her fingers along the carved figurine.
He drew her hair through his fingers.


Synonymsdraw, guide, pass


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something PP


Narrower (hyponym)rub, thread, thread


Verb groupdraw, lead, run, string, thread

23. run (stative) cause something to pass or lead somewhere


SamplesRun the wire behind the cabinet.


Synonymslead


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something PP


Broader (hypernym)make pass, pass


Verb groupdraw, guide, pass, range, run, run

24. run (social) make without a miss


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)bring home the bacon, come through, deliver the goods, succeed, win


Domain categoryathletics, sport

25. run (possession) deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor


Synonymsblack market


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)merchandise, trade


Verb groupply, run


Domain categorycrime, criminal offence, criminal offense, law-breaking, offence, offense

26. run (motion) cause an animal to move fast


SamplesRun the dogs.


ExamplesThe men run the horses across the field


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)displace, move


Verb grouphunt, hunt down, run, track down

27. run (motion) be diffused


SamplesThese dyes and colors are guaranteed not to run.


Synonymsbleed


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)diffuse, fan out, spread, spread out


Narrower (hyponym)crock


Verb groupmelt, melt down, run

28. run (motion) sail before the wind


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)sail

29. run (motion) cover by running; run a certain distance


SamplesShe ran 10 miles that day.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)go across, go through, pass


Verb grouprun

30. run (stative) extend or continue for a certain period of time


SamplesThe film runs 5 hours.


Synonymsrun for


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)endure, last

31. run (social) set animals loose to graze


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)free, liberate, loose, release, unloose, unloosen


Verb grouprun

32. run (motion) keep company


SamplesThe heifers run with the bulls to produce offspring.


Synonymsconsort


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP


Broader (hypernym)accompany

33. run (motion) run with the ball; in such sports as football


Pattern of useSomebody ----s


Broader (hypernym)run


Domain categoryathletics, sport

34. run (motion) travel rapidly, by any (unspecified) means


SamplesRun to the store!.
She always runs to Italy, because she has a lover there.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel


Verb grouprun

35. run (motion) travel a route regularly


SamplesShips ply the waters near the coast.


Synonymsply


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)jaunt, travel, trip


Verb groupblack market, run

36. run (competition) pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals)


SamplesGoering often hunted wild boars in Poland.
The dogs are running deer.
The Duke hunted in these woods.


Synonymshunt, hunt down, track down


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)capture, catch


Narrower (hyponym)ambush, course, drive, drive, falcon, ferret, forage, fowl, fowl, foxhunt, hawk, jack, jacklight, poach, rabbit, scrounge, seal, snipe, still-hunt, turtle, whale


Verb grouphunt, run

37. run (competition) compete in a race


SamplesHe is running the Marathon this year.
Let's race and see who gets there first.


ExamplesThese cars won't run


Synonymsrace


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)compete, contend, vie


Narrower (hyponym)boat-race, campaign, horse-race, place, run, show, speed skate

38. run (change) progress by being changed


SamplesThe speech has to go through several more drafts.
Run through your presentation before the meeting.


Synonymsgo, move


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP


Broader (hypernym)change

39. run (change) reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating


SamplesMelt butter.
Melt down gold.
The wax melted in the sun.


Synonymsmelt, melt down


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)break up, dissolve, resolve


Narrower (hyponym)fuse, render, try


Verb groupbleed, run

40. run (change) come unraveled or undone as if by snagging


SamplesHer nylons were running.


Synonymsladder


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)break, come apart, fall apart, separate, split up


Verb grouprun, unravel

41. run (change) become undone


SamplesThe sweater unraveled.


Synonymsunravel


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)disintegrate


Verb groupladder, run









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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