English dictionary

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English noun: run

1. run (act) a score in baseball made by a runner touching all four bases safely

SamplesThe Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th.
Their first tally came in the 3rd inning.


Broader (hypernym)score

Narrower (hyponym)earned run, rbi, run batted in, unearned run

2. run (act) the act of testing something

SamplesIn the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately.
He called each flip of the coin a new trial.

Synonymstest, trial

Broader (hypernym)attempt, effort, endeavor, endeavour, try

Narrower (hyponym)assay, audition, clinical test, clinical trial, double blind, field trial, fitting, Ministry of Transportation test, MOT, MOT test, pilot program, pilot project, preclinical phase, preclinical test, preclinical trial, Snellen test, try-on, trying on, tryout

3. run (event) a race run on foot

SamplesShe broke the record for the half-mile run.

Synonymsfoot race, footrace

Broader (hypernym)race

Narrower (hyponym)fun run, funrun, marathon, obstacle race, steeplechase, track event

4. run (group) an unbroken series of events

SamplesHad a streak of bad luck.
Nicklaus had a run of birdies.


Broader (hypernym)succession

Narrower (hyponym)losing streak, winning streak

5. run (act) (American football) a play in which a player attempts to carry the ball through or past the opposing team

SamplesThe defensive line braced to stop the run.
The coach put great emphasis on running.

Synonymsrunning, running game, running play

Broader (hypernym)football play

Narrower (hyponym)draw, draw play, end run, return, reverse, rush, rushing, sweep

Domain categoryAmerican football, American football game

6. run (act) a regular trip

SamplesThe ship made its run in record time.

Broader (hypernym)trip

7. run (act) the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace

SamplesHe broke into a run.
His daily run keeps him fit.


Broader (hypernym)locomotion, travel

Narrower (hyponym)dash, sprint

8. run (time) the continuous period of time during which something (a machine or a factory) operates or continues in operation

SamplesThe assembly line was on a 12-hour run.

Broader (hypernym)period, period of time, time period

Narrower (hyponym)press run, print run, run-time

9. run (state) unrestricted freedom to use

SamplesHe has the run of the house.

Broader (hypernym)liberty

10. run (quantity) the production achieved during a continuous period of operation (of a machine or factory etc.)

SamplesA daily run of 100,000 gallons of paint.

Broader (hypernym)indefinite quantity

11. run (object) a small stream

Synonymsrill, rivulet, runnel, streamlet

Broader (hypernym)stream, watercourse

12. run (event) a race between candidates for elective office

SamplesI managed his campaign for governor.
He is raising money for a Senate run.

Synonymscampaign, political campaign

Broader (hypernym)race

Narrower (hyponym)campaign for governor, governor's race, senate campaign, senate race

13. run (event) a row of unravelled stitches

SamplesShe got a run in her stocking.

Synonymsladder, ravel

Broader (hypernym)damage, harm, impairment

14. run (event) the pouring forth of a fluid

Synonymsdischarge, outpouring

Broader (hypernym)flow, flowing

Narrower (hyponym)escape, jet, leak, leakage, outflow, spirt, spurt, squirt

15. run (attribute) an unbroken chronological sequence

SamplesThe play had a long run on Broadway.
The team enjoyed a brief run of victories.

Broader (hypernym)chronological sequence, chronological succession, sequence, succession, successiveness

16. run (act) a short trip

SamplesTake a run into town.

Broader (hypernym)trip

English verb: run

1. run (motion) move fast by using one's feet, with one foot off the ground at any given time

SamplesDon't run--you'll be out of breath.
The children ran to the store.

ExamplesThe horses run across the field

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)hurry, speed, travel rapidly, zip

Narrower (hyponym)clip, hare, jog, jog, lope, outrun, romp, run, run bases, rush, scamper, scurry, scuttle, skitter, sprint, streak, trot

Verb grouprun

2. run (motion) flee; take to one's heels; cut and run

SamplesIf you see this man, run!.
The burglars escaped before the police showed up.

Synonymsbreak away, bunk, escape, fly the coop, head for the hills, hightail it, lam, run away, scarper, scat, take to the woods, turn tail

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)go away, go forth, leave

Narrower (hyponym)flee, fly, skedaddle, take flight

3. run (stative) stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point

SamplesService runs all the way to Cranbury.
His knowledge doesn't go very far.
My memory extends back to my fourth year of life.
The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets.

Synonymsextend, go, lead, pass

Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)be

Narrower (hyponym)come, go deep, go far, radiate, ray

Verb grouprange, run

4. run (social) direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.

SamplesShe is running a relief operation in the Sudan.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)direct

Narrower (hyponym)block, financier, warm up, work

5. run (stative) have a particular form

SamplesThe story or argument runs as follows.
As the saying goes....


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)be

6. run (motion) move along, of liquids

SamplesWater flowed into the cave.
The Missouri feeds into the Mississippi.

ExamplesWater and oil run into the bowl

Synonymscourse, feed, flow

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)move

Narrower (hyponym)circulate, drain, dribble, eddy, filter, flush, gush, gutter, jet, ooze, pour, purl, run down, run off, run out, run out, seep, spill, stream, surge, swirl, tide, trickle, waste, well out, whirl, whirlpool

7. run (contact) perform as expected when applied

SamplesThe washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in.
Does this old car still run well?.
This old radio doesn't work anymore.

ExamplesThese cars won't run

Synonymsfunction, go, operate, work

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Narrower (hyponym)cut, double, roll, run, serve, service

Verb grouprun, work

Antonymsmalfunction, misfunction

8. run (stative) change or be different within limits

SamplesEstimates for the losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion.
Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent.
The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals.
My students range from very bright to dull.


Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)be

Verb groupextend, go, lead, lead, pass, run, run

9. run (competition) run, stand, or compete for an office or a position

SamplesWho's running for treasurer this year?.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)race, run

Narrower (hyponym)cross-file, register, rerun, stump, whistlestop

10. run (creation) cause to emit recorded audio or video

SamplesThey ran the tapes over and over again.
I'll play you my favorite record.
He never tires of playing that video.

ExamplesSam and Sue run the movie


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Verb groupexecute, play, run, run

11. run (motion) move about freely and without restraint, or act as if running around in an uncontrolled way

SamplesWho are these people running around in the building?.
She runs around telling everyone of her troubles.
Let the dogs run free.

Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel

Verb grouprun, run

12. run (stative) have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined

SamplesShe tends to be nervous before her lectures.
These dresses run small.
He inclined to corpulence.

Synonymsbe given, incline, lean, tend

Pattern of useSomebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)be

Narrower (hyponym)gravitate, suffer, take kindly to

13. run (contact) be operating, running or functioning

SamplesThe car is still running--turn it off!.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)function, go, operate, run, work

Verb groupfunction, go, operate, run, work

Antonymsidle, tick over

14. run (change) change from one state to another

SamplesRun amok.
Run rogue.
Run riot.

Pattern of useSomething ----s Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s Adjective.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)become, get, go

15. run (change) cause to perform

SamplesRun a subject.
Run a process.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)process, treat

Narrower (hyponym)rerun

Verb groupplay, run

16. run (stative) be affected by; be subjected to

SamplesRun a temperature.
Run a risk.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)incur

17. run (stative) continue to exist

SamplesThese stories die hard.
The legend of Elvis endures.

Synonymsdie hard, endure, persist, prevail

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)continue

Narrower (hyponym)carry over, reverberate

Verb grouprun

18. run (stative) occur persistently

SamplesMusical talent runs in the family.

Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)occur

Verb groupdie hard, endure, persist, prevail, run

19. run (social) carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine

SamplesRun the dishwasher.
Run a new program on the Mac.
The computer executed the instruction.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)apply, enforce, implement

Narrower (hyponym)step

Verb groupplay, run

20. run (creation) include as the content; broadcast or publicize

SamplesWe ran the ad three times.
This paper carries a restaurant review.
All major networks carried the press conference.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)broadcast, circularise, circularize, circulate, diffuse, disperse, disseminate, distribute, pass around, propagate, spread

21. run (creation) carry out

SamplesRun an errand.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)accomplish, action, carry out, carry through, execute, fulfil, fulfill

22. run (contact) pass over, across, or through

SamplesHe ran his eyes over her body.
She ran her fingers along the carved figurine.
He drew her hair through his fingers.

Synonymsdraw, guide, pass

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something PP

Narrower (hyponym)rub, thread, thread

Verb groupdraw, lead, run, string, thread

23. run (stative) cause something to pass or lead somewhere

SamplesRun the wire behind the cabinet.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)make pass, pass

Verb groupdraw, guide, pass, range, run, run

24. run (social) make without a miss

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bring home the bacon, come through, deliver the goods, succeed, win

Domain categoryathletics, sport

25. run (possession) deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor

Synonymsblack market

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)merchandise, trade

Verb groupply, run

Domain categorycrime, criminal offence, criminal offense, law-breaking, offence, offense

26. run (motion) cause an animal to move fast

SamplesRun the dogs.

ExamplesThe men run the horses across the field

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)displace, move

Verb grouphunt, hunt down, run, track down

27. run (motion) be diffused

SamplesThese dyes and colors are guaranteed not to run.


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)diffuse, fan out, spread, spread out

Narrower (hyponym)crock

Verb groupmelt, melt down, run

28. run (motion) sail before the wind

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)sail

29. run (motion) cover by running; run a certain distance

SamplesShe ran 10 miles that day.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)go across, go through, pass

Verb grouprun

30. run (stative) extend or continue for a certain period of time

SamplesThe film runs 5 hours.

Synonymsrun for

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)endure, last

31. run (social) set animals loose to graze

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)free, liberate, loose, release, unloose, unloosen

Verb grouprun

32. run (motion) keep company

SamplesThe heifers run with the bulls to produce offspring.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)accompany

33. run (motion) run with the ball; in such sports as football

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)run

Domain categoryathletics, sport

34. run (motion) travel rapidly, by any (unspecified) means

SamplesRun to the store!.
She always runs to Italy, because she has a lover there.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel

Verb grouprun

35. run (motion) travel a route regularly

SamplesShips ply the waters near the coast.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)jaunt, travel, trip

Verb groupblack market, run

36. run (competition) pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals)

SamplesGoering often hunted wild boars in Poland.
The dogs are running deer.
The Duke hunted in these woods.

Synonymshunt, hunt down, track down

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)capture, catch

Narrower (hyponym)ambush, course, drive, drive, falcon, ferret, forage, fowl, fowl, foxhunt, hawk, jack, jacklight, poach, rabbit, scrounge, seal, snipe, still-hunt, turtle, whale

Verb grouphunt, run

37. run (competition) compete in a race

SamplesHe is running the Marathon this year.
Let's race and see who gets there first.

ExamplesThese cars won't run


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)compete, contend, vie

Narrower (hyponym)boat-race, campaign, horse-race, place, run, show, speed skate

38. run (change) progress by being changed

SamplesThe speech has to go through several more drafts.
Run through your presentation before the meeting.

Synonymsgo, move

Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)change

39. run (change) reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating

SamplesMelt butter.
Melt down gold.
The wax melted in the sun.

Synonymsmelt, melt down

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)break up, dissolve, resolve

Narrower (hyponym)fuse, render, try

Verb groupbleed, run

40. run (change) come unraveled or undone as if by snagging

SamplesHer nylons were running.


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)break, come apart, fall apart, separate, split up

Verb grouprun, unravel

41. run (change) become undone

SamplesThe sweater unraveled.


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)disintegrate

Verb groupladder, run

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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