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English verb: assume

1. assume (cognition) take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof

SamplesI assume his train was late.

Synonymspresume, take for granted

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)anticipate, expect

Narrower (hyponym)presuppose, suppose

2. assume (social) take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities

SamplesWhen will the new President assume office?.

Synonymsadopt, take on, take over

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)take office

Narrower (hyponym)resume

3. assume (change) take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect

SamplesHis voice took on a sad tone.
The story took a new turn.
He adopted an air of superiority.
She assumed strange manners.
The gods assume human or animal form in these fables.

Synonymsacquire, adopt, take, take on

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)change

Narrower (hyponym)re-assume

4. assume (possession) take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person

SamplesI'll accept the charges.
She agreed to bear the responsibility.

Synonymsaccept, bear, take over

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)take

Narrower (hyponym)carry-the can, face the music

5. assume (motion) occupy or take on

SamplesHe assumes the lotus position.
She took her seat on the stage.
We took our seats in the orchestra.
She took up her position behind the tree.
Strike a pose.

Synonymsstrike, take, take up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)move

Verb groupfill, occupy, take

6. assume (possession) seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession

SamplesHe assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town.
He usurped my rights.
She seized control of the throne after her husband died.

Synonymsarrogate, seize, take over, usurp

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)take

Narrower (hyponym)annex, appropriate, capture, conquer, hijack, preoccupy, raid, seize

7. assume (creation) make a pretence of

SamplesShe assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger.
He feigned sleep.

Synonymsfeign, sham, simulate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)act, dissemble, pretend

Narrower (hyponym)feint, play

8. assume (contact) take up someone's soul into heaven

SamplesThis is the day when May was assumed into heaven.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)invite, receive, take in

Domain categoryChristian religion, Christianity

9. assume (body) put clothing on one's body

SamplesWhat should I wear today?.
He put on his best suit for the wedding.
The princess donned a long blue dress.
The queen assumed the stately robes.
He got into his jeans.

Synonymsdon, get into, put on, wear

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)dress, get dressed

Narrower (hyponym)hat, scarf, slip on, try, try on

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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