English adjective: sham
|1.||sham adopted in order to deceive|
|Samples||An assumed name.|
An assumed cheerfulness.
A fictitious address.
A pretended interest.
A put-on childish voice.
|Synonyms||assumed, false, fictitious, fictive, pretended, put on|
English noun: sham
|1.||sham (artifact) something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be|
|Narrower (hyponym)||fake book, Potemkin village|
|2.||sham (person) a person who makes deceitful pretenses|
|Synonyms||fake, faker, fraud, imposter, impostor, pretender, pseud, pseudo, role player, shammer|
|Broader (hypernym)||beguiler, cheat, cheater, deceiver, slicker, trickster|
|Narrower (hyponym)||name dropper, ringer|
English verb: sham
|1.||sham (creation) make a pretence of|
|Samples||She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger.|
He feigned sleep.
|Synonyms||assume, feign, simulate|
|Pattern of use||Somebody ----s something|
|Broader (hypernym)||act, dissemble, pretend|
|Narrower (hyponym)||feint, play|
|2.||sham (communication) make believe with the intent to deceive|
|Samples||He feigned that he was ill.|
He shammed a headache.
|Synonyms||affect, dissemble, feign, pretend|
|Pattern of use||Somebody ----s something.|
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE.
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE
|Broader (hypernym)||belie, misrepresent|
|Narrower (hyponym)||bull, bullshit, fake, mouth, play possum, take a dive, talk through one's hat|
|Verb group||make, make believe, pretend|