English dictionary

Info: This web site is based on WordNet 3.0 from Princeton University.

English adjective: sham

1. sham adopted in order to deceive

SamplesAn assumed name.
An assumed cheerfulness.
A fictitious address.
Fictive sympathy.
A pretended interest.
A put-on childish voice.
Sham modesty.

Synonymsassumed, false, fictitious, fictive, pretended, put on

Similarcounterfeit, imitative

Antonymsecht, genuine

English noun: sham

1. sham (artifact) something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be

Synonymsfake, postiche

Broader (hypernym)imitation

Narrower (hyponym)fake book, Potemkin village

2. sham (person) a person who makes deceitful pretenses

Synonymsfake, faker, fraud, imposter, impostor, pretender, pseud, pseudo, role player, shammer

Broader (hypernym)beguiler, cheat, cheater, deceiver, slicker, trickster

Narrower (hyponym)name dropper, ringer

English verb: sham

1. sham (creation) make a pretence of

SamplesShe assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger.
He feigned sleep.

Synonymsassume, feign, simulate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)act, dissemble, pretend

Narrower (hyponym)feint, play

2. sham (communication) make believe with the intent to deceive

SamplesHe feigned that he was ill.
He shammed a headache.

Synonymsaffect, dissemble, feign, pretend

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE.
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)belie, misrepresent

Narrower (hyponym)bull, bullshit, fake, mouth, play possum, take a dive, talk through one's hat

Verb groupmake, make believe, pretend

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
Web design: Orcapia v/Per Bang. English edition: .
2019 onlineordbog.dk