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English noun: bid

1. bid (communication) an authoritative direction or instruction to do something

Synonymsbidding, command, dictation

Broader (hypernym)speech act

Narrower (hyponym)behest, charge, commandment, commission, countermand, direction, injunction, open sesame, order

2. bid (act) an attempt to get something

SamplesThey made a futile play for power.
He made a bid to gain attention.


Broader (hypernym)attempt, effort, endeavor, endeavour, try

3. bid (communication) a formal proposal to buy at a specified price


Broader (hypernym)offer, offering

Narrower (hyponym)buyout bid, overbid

4. bid (communication) (bridge) the number of tricks a bridge player is willing to contract to make


Broader (hypernym)statement

Narrower (hyponym)contract, declaration, overbid, overcall, pre-empt, preempt, preemptive bid, takeout

Part meronymbridge

Domain categorybridge

English verb: bid

1. bid (possession) propose a payment

SamplesThe Swiss dealer offered $2 million for the painting.

Synonymsoffer, tender

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s something PP

Narrower (hyponym)by-bid, outbid, overbid, subscribe, underbid, underbid

Entailbargain, dicker

Domain categoryauction, auction sale, vendue

2. bid (communication) invoke upon

SamplesWish you a nice evening.
Bid farewell.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody something.
Somebody ----s something to somebody

Broader (hypernym)greet, recognise, recognize

Narrower (hyponym)congratulate, felicitate

3. bid (communication) ask for or request earnestly

SamplesThe prophet bid all people to become good persons.

Synonymsadjure, beseech, conjure, entreat, press

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)plead

4. bid (possession) make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands

SamplesHe called his trump.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)play

Narrower (hyponym)double, outbid, outcall, overbid, preempt, raise, underbid

Domain categorycard game, cards

5. bid (possession) make a serious effort to attain something

SamplesHis campaign bid for the attention of the poor population.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)seek

6. bid (communication) ask someone in a friendly way to do something

ExamplesThey bid him to write the letter


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)request

Narrower (hyponym)allure, challenge, tempt

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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