English dictionary

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English noun: support

1. support (act) the activity of providing for or maintaining by supplying with money or necessities

SamplesHis support kept the family together.
They gave him emotional support during difficult times.

Broader (hypernym)activity

Narrower (hyponym)logistic assistance, logistic support, maintenance, sustainment, sustenance, sustentation, upkeep

2. support (act) aiding the cause or policy or interests of

SamplesThe president no longer has the support of his own party.
They developed a scheme of mutual support.

Broader (hypernym)aid, assist, assistance, help

Narrower (hyponym)adherence, adhesion, advocacy, approval, approving, attachment, blessing, endorsement, indorsement, protagonism, reassurance, sponsorship

3. support (cognition) something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest

SamplesThe policy found little public support.
His faith was all the support he needed.
The team enjoyed the support of their fans.

Broader (hypernym)influence

Narrower (hyponym)anchor, backbone, keystone, lifeline, linchpin, lynchpin, mainstay

4. support (act) a military operation (often involving new supplies of men and materiel) to strengthen a military force or aid in the performance of its mission

SamplesThey called for artillery support.

Synonymsreenforcement, reinforcement

Broader (hypernym)military operation, operation

Narrower (hyponym)close support

Domain categoryarmed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine

5. support (act) documentary validation

SamplesHis documentation of the results was excellent.
The strongest support for this view is the work of Jones.


Broader (hypernym)proof, substantiation, validation

6. support (possession) the financial means whereby one lives

SamplesEach child was expected to pay for their keep.
He applied to the state for support.
He could no longer earn his own livelihood.

Synonymsbread and butter, keep, livelihood, living, sustenance

Broader (hypernym)resource

Narrower (hyponym)amenities, comforts, conveniences, creature comforts, maintenance, meal ticket, subsistence

7. support (artifact) supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation

SamplesThe statue stood on a marble support.

Broader (hypernym)supporting structure

Narrower (hyponym)abutment, architrave, base, basement, buttress, buttressing, foot, footstall, foundation, fundament, groundwork, pedestal, plinth, prop, substructure, understructure

8. support (act) the act of bearing the weight of or strengthening

SamplesHe leaned against the wall for support.


Broader (hypernym)activity

Narrower (hyponym)dangling, hanging, propping up, shoring, shoring up, suspension

9. support (communication) a musical part (vocal or instrumental) that supports or provides background for other musical parts

Synonymsaccompaniment, backup, musical accompaniment

Broader (hypernym)part, voice

Narrower (hyponym)descant, discant, vamp

10. support (artifact) any device that bears the weight of another thing

SamplesThere was no place to attach supports for a shelf.

Broader (hypernym)device

Narrower (hyponym)andiron, arch support, back, backboard, backrest, baluster, bar, base, bearing, bearing wall, bedpost, bookend, brace, bracket, bridge, dog, dog-iron, firedog, foot, football tee, foothold, footing, gunstock, handrest, hanger, harness, harp, headstock, leg, pedestal, perch, pier, pier, pillow block, rack, radius, rest, rib, rocker, seat, shelf, spoke, stair, stand, stand, step, stirrup, stirrup iron, stock, structural member, tailstock, tee, undercarriage, wall bracket, wheel spoke, yoke

11. support (possession) financial resources provided to make some project possible

SamplesThe foundation provided support for the experiment.

Synonymsbacking, financial backing, financial support, funding

Broader (hypernym)resource

English verb: support

1. support (social) give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to

SamplesShe supported him during the illness.
Her children always backed her up.

ExamplesSam cannot support Sue

Synonymsback up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)advance, aid, assist, back, boost, buy at, encourage, endorse, frequent, further, help, indorse, patronise, patronize, promote, second, shop, shop at, sponsor, sponsor, undergird

2. support (possession) support materially or financially

SamplesHe does not support his natural children.
The scholarship supported me when I was in college.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)give

Narrower (hyponym)bring home the bacon, fund, patronise, patronize, provide, see through, sponsor, subsidise, subsidize

3. support (social) be behind; approve of

SamplesHe plumped for the Labor Party.
I backed Kennedy in 1960.

Synonymsback, endorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)approve, O.K., okay, sanction

Narrower (hyponym)champion, defend, guarantee, warrant

Verb groupback, endorse, indorse, second

4. support (contact) be the physical support of; carry the weight of

SamplesThe beam holds up the roof.
He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam.
What's holding that mirror?.

Synonymshold, hold up, sustain

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)block, brace, bracket, buoy, buoy up, carry, chock, pole, prop, prop up, scaffold, shore, shore up, truss, underpin

5. support (cognition) establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

SamplesHis story confirmed my doubts.
The evidence supports the defendant.

Synonymsaffirm, confirm, corroborate, substantiate, sustain

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE

Narrower (hyponym)back, back up, demonstrate, document, establish, prove, shew, show, validate, verify, vouch

Antonymsnegate, contradict

6. support (communication) adopt as a belief

SamplesI subscribe to your view on abortion.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)agree, concord, concur, hold

Entailapprove, O.K., okay, sanction

7. support (stative) support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm

SamplesThe stories and claims were born out by the evidence.

Synonymsbear out, corroborate, underpin

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)agree, check, correspond, fit, gibe, jibe, match, tally

8. support (communication) argue or speak in defense of

SamplesShe supported the motion to strike.

Synonymsdefend, fend for

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)argue, reason

Narrower (hyponym)apologise, apologize, excuse, justify, rationalise, rationalize, stand up, stick up, uphold

9. support (creation) play a subordinate role to (another performer)

SamplesOlivier supported Gielgud beautifully in the second act.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)act, play, represent

Domain categorydramatic art, dramatics, dramaturgy, theater, theatre

10. support (communication) be a regular customer or client of

SamplesWe patronize this store.
Our sponsor kept our art studio going for as long as he could.

Synonymskeep going, patronage, patronise, patronize

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)foster, nurture

Verb groupkeep going, run on

11. support (cognition) put up with something or somebody unpleasant

SamplesI cannot bear his constant criticism.
The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks.
He learned to tolerate the heat.
She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage.

Synonymsabide, bear, brook, digest, endure, put up, stand, stick out, stomach, suffer, tolerate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)allow, countenance, let, permit

Narrower (hyponym)accept, bear up, hold still for, live with, pay, sit out, stand for, swallow, take a joke, take lying down

Verb groupsuffer

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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