English dictionary



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English noun: block

1. block (artifact) a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides)


SamplesThe pyramids were built with large stone blocks.


Broader (hypernym)artefact, artifact


Narrower (hyponym)anvil, bar, block of metal, briquet, briquette, cake, chock, chopping block, crosshead, cube, domino, ingot, inking pad, inkpad, metal bar, nog, nut, pad, slab, square block, stamp pad, starting block, step, swage block, type, wedge

2. block (location) a rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings


SamplesHe lives in the next block.


Synonymscity block


Broader (hypernym)area, country

3. block (shape) a three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides


Synonymscube


Broader (hypernym)solid


Narrower (hyponym)goldbrick

4. block (group) a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit


SamplesHe reserved a large block of seats.
He held a large block of the company's stock.


Broader (hypernym)accumulation, aggregation, assemblage, collection

5. block (artifact) housing in a large building that is divided into separate units


SamplesThere is a block of classrooms in the west wing.


Broader (hypernym)housing, living accommodations, lodging


Narrower (hyponym)cellblock, hospital ward, ward, ward

6. block (quantity) (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted


SamplesSince blocks are often defined as a single sector, the terms `block' and `sector' are sometimes used interchangeably.


Broader (hypernym)computer memory unit


Narrower (hyponym)bad block


Part holonymsector


Domain categorycomputer science, computing

7. block (cognition) an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do; often caused by emotional tension


SamplesI knew his name perfectly well but I had a temporary block.


Synonymsmental block


Broader (hypernym)inability


Narrower (hyponym)writer's block

8. block (artifact) a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope


Synonymspulley, pulley block, pulley-block


Broader (hypernym)machine, simple machine


Narrower (hyponym)bollock, bullock block, fairlead, idle pulley, idle wheel, idler pulley


Part meronymblock and tackle

9. block (artifact) a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine


SamplesThe engine had to be replaced because the block was cracked.


Synonymscylinder block, engine block


Broader (hypernym)cast, casting


Part holonymcylinder, piston chamber


Part meronymICE, internal-combustion engine, reciprocating engine

10. block (artifact) an obstruction in a pipe or tube


SamplesWe had to call a plumber to clear out the blockage in the drainpipe.


Synonymsblockage, closure, occlusion, stop, stoppage


Broader (hypernym)impediment, impedimenta, obstructer, obstruction, obstructor


Narrower (hyponym)breech closer, breechblock, plug, stopper, stopple, vapor lock, vapour lock

11. block (artifact) a platform from which an auctioneer sells


SamplesThey put their paintings on the block.


Synonymsauction block


Broader (hypernym)platform

12. block (act) the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements


Synonymsblocking


Broader (hypernym)obstruction


Narrower (hyponym)interference, parry, trap block


English verb: block

1. block (contact) render unsuitable for passage


SamplesBlock the way.
Barricade the streets.
Stop the busy road.


Synonymsbar, barricade, block off, block up, blockade, stop


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)block, close up, impede, jam, obstruct, obturate, occlude


Narrower (hyponym)block off, close, close off, shut off


Verb groupblock, obstruct

2. block (social) hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of


SamplesHis brother blocked him at every turn.


Synonymsblockade, embarrass, hinder, obstruct, stymie, stymy


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)forbid, foreclose, forestall, preclude, prevent


Narrower (hyponym)bottleneck, check, filibuster, hang, stonewall

3. block (social) stop from happening or developing


SamplesBlock his election.
Halt the process.


ExamplesThey block him from writing the letter


Synonymshalt, kibosh, stop


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)forbid, foreclose, forestall, preclude, prevent


Narrower (hyponym)embargo, stay

4. block (communication) interfere with or prevent the reception of signals


SamplesJam the Voice of America.
Block the signals emitted by this station.


Synonymsjam


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)break up, cut off, disrupt, interrupt


Narrower (hyponym)barrage jam, blanket jam, point jam, spot jam

5. block (social) run on a block system


SamplesBlock trains.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)operate, run

6. block (perception) interrupt the normal function of by means of anesthesia


SamplesBlock a nerve.
Block a muscle.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)anaesthetise, anaesthetize, anesthetise, anesthetize, put out, put under

7. block (perception) shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight


SamplesThe thick curtain blocked the action on the stage.
The trees obstruct my view of the mountains.


Synonymsobstruct


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)conceal, hide


Verb groupbar, barricade, block, block off, block up, blockade, stop

8. block (contact) stamp or emboss a title or design on a book with a block


SamplesBlock the book cover.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)boss, emboss, stamp

9. block (contact) obstruct


SamplesMy nose is all stuffed.
Her arteries are blocked.


Synonymschoke up, lug, stuff


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)back up, choke, choke off, clog, clog up, congest, foul


Antonymsloosen up, unstuff

10. block (contact) block passage through


SamplesObstruct the path.


Synonymsclose up, impede, jam, obstruct, obturate, occlude


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)hinder, impede


Narrower (hyponym)asphyxiate, back up, bar, barricade, barricade, barricade, barricado, block, block off, block off, block out, block up, blockade, blockade, choke, choke, choke off, clog, clog up, congest, dam, dam up, earth up, foul, land up, screen, stifle, stop, suffocate, tie up


Antonymsdisengage, free

11. block (contact) support, secure, or raise with a block


SamplesBlock a plate for printing.
Block the wheels of a car.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)hold, hold up, support, sustain

12. block (competition) impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball)


SamplesBlock an attack.


Synonymsdeflect, parry


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)fence

13. block (cognition) be unable to remember


SamplesI'm drawing a blank.
You are blocking the name of your first wife!.


Synonymsblank out, draw a blank, forget


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE


Narrower (hyponym)slip, slip one's mind


Antonymsrecall, recollect, remember, call back, call up, retrieve, think

14. block (change) shape by using a block


SamplesBlock a hat.
Block a garment.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)form, shape

15. block (change) shape into a block or blocks


SamplesBlock the graphs so one can see the results clearly.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)form, shape

16. block (change) prohibit the conversion or use of (assets)


SamplesBlocked funds.
Freeze the assets of this hostile government.


ExamplesThey block the money


Synonymsfreeze, immobilise, immobilize


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)keep back, withhold


Antonymsunfreeze, unblock, release, free









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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