English dictionary

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English noun: root

1. root (plant) (botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground

Broader (hypernym)plant organ

Narrower (hyponym)adventitious root, briarroot, calamus, carrot, cassava, chicory, chicory root, cocoyam, dasheen, eddo, ginseng, horseradish, horseradish root, Hottentot bread, Hottentot's bread, licorice root, mandrake, mandrake root, manioc, orris, orrisroot, oyster plant, parsnip, pneumatophore, prop root, radish, rootlet, salsify, sarsaparilla root, senega, taproot, taro

Part holonymbark, root cap, root hair

Part meronymroot system, rootage

Substance holonymparenchyma

Domain categorybotany, phytology

2. root (location) the place where something begins, where it springs into being

SamplesThe Italian beginning of the Renaissance.
Jupiter was the origin of the radiation.
Pittsburgh is the source of the Ohio River.
Communism's Russian root.

Synonymsbeginning, origin, rootage, source

Broader (hypernym)point

Narrower (hyponym)birthplace, cradle, derivation, fountainhead, head, headspring, headwater, home, jumping-off place, place of origin, point of departure, point source, provenance, provenience, spring, trail head, trailhead, wellhead, wellspring

3. root (communication) (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed

SamplesThematic vowels are part of the stem.

Synonymsbase, radical, root word, stem, theme

Broader (hypernym)descriptor, form, signifier, word form

Domain categorylinguistics

4. root (quantity) a number that, when multiplied by itself some number of times, equals a given number

Broader (hypernym)number

Narrower (hyponym)cube root, square root

5. root (group) the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation


Broader (hypernym)set

6. root (person) someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)

Synonymsancestor, antecedent, ascendant, ascendent

Broader (hypernym)relation, relative

Narrower (hyponym)ancestress, father, forbear, forebear, forefather, foremother, primogenitor, progenitor, sire

Antonymsdescendant, descendent

7. root (communication) a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes


Broader (hypernym)descriptor, form, signifier, word form

8. root (body) the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support

Synonymstooth root

Broader (hypernym)anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure

Part holonymcement, cementum

Part meronymtooth

English verb: root

1. root (change) take root and begin to grow

SamplesThis plant roots quickly.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)grow

Verb grouproot

2. root (stative) come into existence, originate

SamplesThe problem roots in her depression.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)become

3. root (contact) plant by the roots

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)plant, set

4. root (contact) dig with the snout

SamplesThe pig was rooting for truffles.

Synonymsrootle, rout

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)cut into, delve, dig, turn over

5. root (change) become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style

SamplesHe finally settled down.

Synonymssettle, settle down, steady down, take root

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)stabilise, stabilize

Narrower (hyponym)roost

6. root (change) cause to take roots

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)grow

Verb grouproot

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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