English dictionary



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English adjective: base

1. base serving as or forming a base


SamplesThe painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats.


Synonymsbasal


Similarbasic


Antonymsincidental, incident

2. base of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense)


SamplesBaseborn wretches with dirty faces.
Of humble (or lowly) birth.


Synonymsbaseborn, humble, lowly


Similarlowborn


Antonymsnoble

3. base (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal


SamplesBase coins of aluminum.
A base metal.


Similarinferior


Antonymssuperior

4. base not adhering to ethical or moral principles


SamplesBase and unpatriotic motives.
A base, degrading way of life.
Cheating is dishonorable.
They considered colonialism immoral.
Unethical practices in handling public funds.


Synonymsimmoral


Similarwrong


Antonymsright

5. base having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality


SamplesThat liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabble.
Taking a mean advantage.
Chok'd with ambition of the meaner sort.
Something essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics.


Synonymsmean, meanspirited


Similarignoble


Antonymsnoble

6. base illegitimate


Synonymsbaseborn


Similarillegitimate


Domain usagearchaicism, archaism


Antonymslegitimate

7. base debased; not genuine


SamplesAn attempt to eliminate the base coinage.


Similarcounterfeit, imitative


Antonymsecht, genuine


English noun: base

1. base (artifact) installation from which a military force initiates operations


SamplesThe attack wiped out our forward bases.


Synonymsbase of operations


Broader (hypernym)military installation


Narrower (hyponym)air base, air station, army base, firebase, navy base, rocket base


Domain categoryarmed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine

2. base (artifact) lowest support of a structure


SamplesIt was built on a base of solid rock.
He stood at the foot of the tower.


Synonymsfoot, foundation, fundament, groundwork, substructure, understructure


Broader (hypernym)support


Narrower (hyponym)bed, raft foundation


Part meronymconstruction, structure

3. base (artifact) a place that the runner must touch before scoring


SamplesHe scrambled to get back to the bag.


Synonymsbag


Broader (hypernym)baseball equipment


Narrower (hyponym)first base, home, home base, home plate, plate, second base, third, third base


Part meronymbaseball diamond, diamond, infield

4. base (object) the bottom or lowest part


SamplesThe base of the mountain.


Broader (hypernym)part, piece

5. base (location) (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment


SamplesThe base of the skull.


Broader (hypernym)bottom


Domain categoryanatomy, general anatomy

6. base (communication) a lower limit


SamplesThe government established a wage floor.


Synonymsfloor


Broader (hypernym)control


Narrower (hyponym)price floor, wage floor

7. base (cognition) the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained


SamplesThe whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture.


Synonymsbasis, cornerstone, foundation, fundament, groundwork


Broader (hypernym)assumption, supposal, supposition


Narrower (hyponym)meat and potatoes


Part meronymexplanation

8. base (artifact) a support or foundation


SamplesThe base of the lamp.


Synonymspedestal, stand


Broader (hypernym)support


Narrower (hyponym)brass monkey, staddle, trivet, trivet

9. base (substance) a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)


Synonymsnucleotide


Broader (hypernym)ester


Narrower (hyponym)A, adenosine diphosphate, adenosine monophosphate, adenosine triphosphate, adenylic acid, ADP, AMP, ATP, base pair, C, deoxyadenosine monophosphate, deoxycytidine monophosphate, deoxyguanosine monophosphate, deoxythymidine monophosphate, G, muton, T, U, uracil

10. base (substance) any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water


SamplesBases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia.


Synonymsalkali


Broader (hypernym)chemical compound, compound


Narrower (hyponym)cyanuramide, glyoxaline, imidazole, iminazole, melamine, purine, purine, pyridine, pyrimidine

11. base (shape) the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed


SamplesThe base of the triangle.


Broader (hypernym)flank

12. base the most important or necessary part of something


SamplesThe basis of this drink is orange juice.


Synonymsbasis


Broader (hypernym)component, component part, constituent, part, portion

13. base (quantity) (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place


Samples10 is the radix of the decimal system.


Synonymsradix


Broader (hypernym)number


Domain categorynumber representation system, number system, numeration system, system of numeration

14. base (location) the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end


Synonymshome


Broader (hypernym)location

15. Base (group) a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries


Synonymsal-Qa'ida, al-Qaeda, al-Qaida, Qaeda


Instance hypernymforeign terrorist organization, FTO, terrorist group, terrorist organization


Domain categoryact of terrorism, terrorism, terrorist act


Domain regionAfghanistan, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Islamic State of Afghanistan, Pakistan, West Pakistan

16. base (communication) (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed


SamplesThematic vowels are part of the stem.


Synonymsradical, root, root word, stem, theme


Broader (hypernym)descriptor, form, signifier, word form


Domain categorylinguistics

17. base (artifact) the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area


SamplesThe industrial base of Japan.


Synonymsinfrastructure


Broader (hypernym)fund, stock, store


Part holonymcommunication equipment, communication system, fire station, firehouse, gas system, grid, main, penal facility, penal institution, power grid, power system, public works, school system, sewage system, sewage works, sewer system, transit, transportation, transportation system, water, water supply, water system

18. base (artifact) the principal ingredient of a mixture


SamplesGlycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointments.
He told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of green.
Everything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base.


Broader (hypernym)ingredient

19. base (artifact) a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit


SamplesA tub should sit on its own base.


Broader (hypernym)bottom, underside, undersurface


Part meronymbox, lamp, vessel

20. base (artifact) (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector


Broader (hypernym)electrode


Part meronymelectronic transistor, junction transistor, transistor


Domain categoryelectronics


English verb: base

1. base (cognition) use as a basis for; found on


SamplesBase a claim on some observation.


Synonymsestablish, found, ground


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something PP


Narrower (hyponym)build

2. base (stative) situate as a center of operations


SamplesWe will base this project in the new lab.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)locate, situate

3. base (consumption) use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes


Synonymsfree-base


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)do drugs, drug









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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