English dictionary



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English noun: grain

1. grain (object) a relatively small granular particle of a substance


SamplesA grain of sand.
A grain of sugar.


Broader (hypernym)atom, corpuscle, molecule, mote, particle, speck


Narrower (hyponym)granule

2. grain (food) foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses


Synonymscereal, food grain


Broader (hypernym)food product, foodstuff


Narrower (hyponym)barley, barleycorn, buckwheat, corn, edible corn, grist, groats, Indian rice, malt, millet, oat, rice, wheat, wheat berry, wild rice

3. grain (substance) the side of leather from which the hair has been removed


Broader (hypernym)leather

4. grain (quantity) a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat


Synonymsmetric grain


Broader (hypernym)metric weight unit, weight unit


Part holonymmg, milligram


Part meronymdecigram, dg

5. grain (quantity) 1/60 dram; equals an avoirdupois grain or 64.799 milligrams


Broader (hypernym)apothecaries' unit, apothecaries' weight, troy unit


Part meronympennyweight, scruple

6. grain (quantity) 1/7000 pound; equals a troy grain or 64.799 milligrams


Broader (hypernym)avoirdupois unit


Part meronymdram

7. grain (plant) dry seed-like fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g. wheat, barley, Indian corn


Synonymscaryopsis


Broader (hypernym)seed


Narrower (hyponym)amaranth, barleycorn, kernel, rye, wheat berry

8. grain (plant) a cereal grass


SamplesWheat is a grain that is grown in Kansas.


Broader (hypernym)cereal, cereal grass

9. grain (attribute) the smallest possible unit of anything


SamplesThere was a grain of truth in what he said.
He does not have a grain of sense.


Broader (hypernym)littleness, smallness

10. grain (attribute) the direction, texture, or pattern of fibers found in wood or leather or stone or in a woven fabric


SamplesSaw the board across the grain.


Broader (hypernym)texture


Narrower (hyponym)graining, wood grain, woodgrain, woodgraining, woodiness

11. grain (attribute) the physical composition of something (especially with respect to the size and shape of the small constituents of a substance)


SamplesBreadfruit has the same texture as bread.
Sand of a fine grain.
Fish with a delicate flavor and texture.
A stone of coarse grain.


Synonymstexture


Broader (hypernym)composition, constitution, make-up, makeup, physical composition


English verb: grain

1. grain (contact) thoroughly work in


SamplesHis hands were grained with dirt.


Synonymsingrain


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)penetrate, perforate

2. grain (contact) paint (a surface) to make it look like stone or wood


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)paint

3. grain (change) form into grains


Synonymsgranulate


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)form


Causegrain, granulate

4. grain (change) become granular


Synonymsgranulate


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)change form, change shape, deform









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