English dictionary

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English noun: grain

1. grain (object) a relatively small granular particle of a substance

SamplesA grain of sand.
A grain of sugar.

Broader (hypernym)atom, corpuscle, molecule, mote, particle, speck

Narrower (hyponym)granule

2. grain (food) foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses

Synonymscereal, food grain

Broader (hypernym)food product, foodstuff

Narrower (hyponym)barley, barleycorn, buckwheat, corn, edible corn, grist, groats, Indian rice, malt, millet, oat, rice, wheat, wheat berry, wild rice

3. grain (substance) the side of leather from which the hair has been removed

Broader (hypernym)leather

4. grain (quantity) a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat

Synonymsmetric grain

Broader (hypernym)metric weight unit, weight unit

Part holonymmg, milligram

Part meronymdecigram, dg

5. grain (quantity) 1/60 dram; equals an avoirdupois grain or 64.799 milligrams

Broader (hypernym)apothecaries' unit, apothecaries' weight, troy unit

Part meronympennyweight, scruple

6. grain (quantity) 1/7000 pound; equals a troy grain or 64.799 milligrams

Broader (hypernym)avoirdupois unit

Part meronymdram

7. grain (plant) dry seed-like fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g. wheat, barley, Indian corn


Broader (hypernym)seed

Narrower (hyponym)amaranth, barleycorn, kernel, rye, wheat berry

8. grain (plant) a cereal grass

SamplesWheat is a grain that is grown in Kansas.

Broader (hypernym)cereal, cereal grass

9. grain (attribute) the smallest possible unit of anything

SamplesThere was a grain of truth in what he said.
He does not have a grain of sense.

Broader (hypernym)littleness, smallness

10. grain (attribute) the direction, texture, or pattern of fibers found in wood or leather or stone or in a woven fabric

SamplesSaw the board across the grain.

Broader (hypernym)texture

Narrower (hyponym)graining, wood grain, woodgrain, woodgraining, woodiness

11. grain (attribute) the physical composition of something (especially with respect to the size and shape of the small constituents of a substance)

SamplesBreadfruit has the same texture as bread.
Sand of a fine grain.
Fish with a delicate flavor and texture.
A stone of coarse grain.


Broader (hypernym)composition, constitution, make-up, makeup, physical composition

English verb: grain

1. grain (contact) thoroughly work in

SamplesHis hands were grained with dirt.


Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)penetrate, perforate

2. grain (contact) paint (a surface) to make it look like stone or wood

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)paint

3. grain (change) form into grains


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)form

Causegrain, granulate

4. grain (change) become granular


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)change form, change shape, deform

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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