English dictionary

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English noun: turn

1. turn (shape) a circular segment of a curve

SamplesA bend in the road.
A crook in the path.

Synonymsbend, crook, twist

Broader (hypernym)curve, curved shape

Narrower (hyponym)bight

2. turn (act) the act of changing or reversing the direction of the course

SamplesHe took a turn to the right.


Broader (hypernym)change of course

Narrower (hyponym)deflection, deflexion, deviation, digression, divagation, diversion, kick turn, left, right, stem, stem turn, swerve, swerving, telemark, three-point turn, veering, version

3. turn (act) (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession

SamplesIt is my turn.
It is still my play.


Broader (hypernym)activity

Narrower (hyponym)at-bat, attack, bat, down, innings, lead, move, ruff, start, starting, trick, trumping

Domain categorygame

4. turn (event) an unforeseen development

SamplesEvents suddenly took an awkward turn.

Synonymsturn of events, twist

Broader (hypernym)development

5. turn (event) a movement in a new direction

SamplesThe turning of the wind.


Broader (hypernym)motion, movement

Narrower (hyponym)coming back, gyration, return, reversal, revolution, rotation, swerve, turn around, volution, yaw

6. turn (act) the act of turning away or in the opposite direction

SamplesHe made an abrupt turn away from her.

Broader (hypernym)change of direction, reorientation

7. turn (act) turning or twisting around (in place)

SamplesWith a quick twist of his head he surveyed the room.


Broader (hypernym)rotary motion, rotation

Narrower (hyponym)twiddle

8. turn (time) a time for working (after which you will be relieved by someone else)

SamplesIt's my go.
A spell of work.

Synonymsgo, spell, tour

Broader (hypernym)duty period, shift, work shift

9. turn (time) (sports) a division during which one team is on the offensive

Synonymsbout, round

Broader (hypernym)division, part, section

Narrower (hyponym)bottom, bottom of the inning, top, top of the inning

Part meronymperiod of play, play, playing period

Domain categoryathletics, sport

10. turn (communication) a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program

SamplesHe did his act three times every evening.
She had a catchy little routine.
It was one of the best numbers he ever did.

Synonymsact, bit, number, routine

Broader (hypernym)performance, public presentation

Narrower (hyponym)show-stopper, showstopper, stopper

11. turn (act) a favor for someone

SamplesHe did me a good turn.

Synonymsgood turn

Broader (hypernym)favor, favour

12. turn (act) taking a short walk out and back

SamplesWe took a turn in the park.

Broader (hypernym)walk

English verb: turn

1. turn (motion) change orientation or direction, also in the abstract sense

SamplesTurn towards me.
The mugger turned and fled before I could see his face.
She turned from herself and learned to listen to others' needs.

ExamplesThey turn the car down the avenue

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)move

Narrower (hyponym)about-face, avert, bend, bend, caracole, circumvolve, coil, corkscrew, corner, curve, cut, deflect, deflect, deviate, divert, face, flip, flip, flip over, gee, gyrate, overturn, pivot, port, pronate, roll, roll over, rotate, rotate, sheer, slew, slue, spiral, spiral, splay, spread out, swerve, swing about, swing around, swivel, tip over, toss, trend, tump over, turn around, turn away, turn away, turn away, turn off, turn on a dime, turn out, turn over, turn over, turn over, twist, veer

Verb groupturn

2. turn (change) undergo a transformation or a change of position or action

SamplesWe turned from Socialism to Capitalism.
The people turned against the President when he stole the election.

Synonymschange state

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)change

Narrower (hyponym)acetify, acidify, alkalify, alkalise, alkalize, ameliorate, apparel, arouse, awake, awaken, basify, be born, become, better, black out, boil, break, break loose, burn, burst forth, buy the farm, calcify, calm, calm down, carbonise, carbonise, carbonize, carbonize, carburise, carburize, carnify, cash in one's chips, catalyse, catalyze, catch fire, chill, chill out, choke, chondrify, citrate, clabber, close, clot, clot, clothe, cloud over, coagulate, coke, combust, combust, come alive, come to, conceive, concentrate, conflagrate, conk, cool, cool down, cool it, cool off, croak, cross-fertilise, cross-fertilize, curdle, decease, decline, decompress, denitrify, die, discharge, disengage, dissolve, dress, drop dead, emaciate, emancipate, empty, emulsify, enclothe, equilibrate, erupt, esterify, etherify, exit, expire, explode, fade away, fade out, fall, ferment, fill, fill up, fit out, flourish, fluctuate, fly high, freeze, Frenchify, gain, garb, garment, get, get into, get worse, give-up the ghost, go, go, habilitate, heat, heat up, homogenise, homogenise, homogenize, homogenize, hot up, ignite, improve, inspissate, integrate, ionise, ionize, kick the bucket, liberate, liquefy, loosen up, lose weight, meliorate, melt off, open, open up, ossify, overgrow, pass, pass away, pass out, perish, pop off, precipitate, prosper, put on, raiment, react, reduce, relapse, relax, resuscitate, revive, secularise, secularize, settle down, shut, simmer down, slenderize, slim, slim down, slow down, snuff it, solvate, sorb, sour, take fire, take up, tangle with, tense, tense up, thicken, thin, thin, thrive, thrombose, tog, turn, unbend, unwind, wake, wake up, waken, work, worsen, zonk out

Verb groupbecome, grow, turn, turn

3. turn (stative) undergo a change or development

SamplesThe water turned into ice.
Her former friend became her worst enemy.
He turned traitor.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)metamorphose, transform, transmute

Narrower (hyponym)add up, amount, boil down, choke, come, come down, nucleate, reduce, suffocate

Verb groupchange state, turn, turn

4. turn (motion) cause to move around or rotate

SamplesTurn a key.
Turn your palm this way.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)displace, move

Narrower (hyponym)port, reorient, supinate

Verb groupturn, turn

5. turn (change) change to the contrary

SamplesThe trend was reversed.
The tides turned against him.
Public opinion turned when it was revealed that the president had an affair with a White House intern.

Synonymschange by reversal, reverse

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)change

Narrower (hyponym)alternate, commutate, commute, correct, deconsecrate, desecrate, desynchronise, desynchronize, exchange, falsify, flip, flip-flop, interchange, metamorphose, permute, rectify, regress, retrovert, return, revert, right, switch, switch, switch over, tack, transfigure, transmogrify, transpose, turn back, turn the tables, turn the tide, undo, unhallow

6. turn (motion) pass to the other side of

SamplesTurn the corner.
Move around the obstacle.

Synonymsmove around

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel

7. turn (change) pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become

SamplesThe weather turned nasty.
She grew angry.

ExamplesJohn will turn angry


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Something ----s something Adjective/Noun.
Something ----s Adjective/Noun

Broader (hypernym)change

Narrower (hyponym)bald, turn

Verb groupchange state, turn

8. turn (contact) let (something) fall or spill from a container

SamplesTurn the flour onto a plate.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)channel, channelise, channelize, transfer, transmit, transport

Narrower (hyponym)deflate, throw

9. turn (motion) move around an axis or a center

SamplesThe wheels are turning.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)move

Narrower (hyponym)go around, revolve, rotate

10. turn (motion) cause to move around a center so as to show another side of

SamplesTurn a page of a book.

ExamplesThey turn the coin

Synonymsturn over

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)displace, move

Narrower (hyponym)evert, leaf

11. turn (motion) to send or let go

SamplesThey turned away the crowd at the gate of the governor's mansion.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)direct, send

12. turn (creation) to break and turn over earth especially with a plow

SamplesFarmer Jones plowed his east field last week.
Turn the earth in the Spring.

Synonymsplough, plow

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)till

Narrower (hyponym)disk, harrow, ridge

Entailcut into, delve, dig, turn over

Domain categoryagriculture, farming, husbandry

13. turn (contact) shape by rotating on a lathe or cutting device or a wheel

SamplesTurn the legs of the table.
Turn the clay on the wheel.

ExamplesThe girls turn the wooden sticks

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)form, shape

Verb groupturn

14. turn (change) change color

SamplesIn Vermont, the leaves turn early.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)color, colour, discolor, discolour, grow, turn

15. turn (body) twist suddenly so as to sprain

SamplesWrench one's ankle.
The wrestler twisted his shoulder.
The hikers sprained their ankles when they fell.
I turned my ankle and couldn't walk for several days.

ExamplesDid he turn his foot?

Synonymsrick, sprain, twist, wrench, wrick

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)injure, wound

16. turn (stative) cause to change or turn into something different;assume new characteristics

SamplesThe princess turned the frog into a prince by kissing him.
The alchemists tried to turn lead into gold.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Verb groupbecome, turn

17. turn (social) accomplish by rotating

SamplesTurn a somersault.
Turn cartwheels.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)do, perform

Verb groupturn

18. turn (possession) get by buying and selling

SamplesThe company turned a good profit after a year.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)acquire, get

Domain categorycommerce, commercialism, mercantilism

19. turn (motion) cause to move along an axis or into a new direction

SamplesTurn your face to the wall.
Turn the car around.
Turn your dance partner around.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)displace, move

Narrower (hyponym)bring about

Verb groupturn

20. turn (motion) channel one's attention, interest, thought, or attention toward or away from something

SamplesThe pedophile turned to boys for satisfaction.
People turn to mysticism at the turn of a millennium.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)direct, send

Narrower (hyponym)take up

21. turn (contact) cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form

SamplesBend the rod.
Twist the dough into a braid.
The strong man could turn an iron bar.

Synonymsbend, deform, flex, twist

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)change form, change shape, deform

Narrower (hyponym)convolute, convolve, crank, dent, gnarl, incurvate, indent


22. turn (contact) alter the functioning or setting of

SamplesTurn the dial to 10.
Turn the heat down.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)control, operate

23. turn (competition) direct at someone

SamplesShe turned a smile on me.
They turned their flashlights on the car.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)aim, direct, take, take aim, train

24. turn (communication) have recourse to or make an appeal or request for help or information to

SamplesShe called on her Representative to help her.
She turned to her relatives for help.

Synonymscall on

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)appeal, invoke

25. turn (change) go sour or spoil

SamplesThe milk has soured.
The wine worked.
The cream has turned--we have to throw it out.

Synonymsferment, sour, work

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)change state, turn

Verb groupferment, work

26. turn (change) become officially one year older

SamplesShe is turning 50 this year.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)age, get on, maturate, mature, senesce

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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