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English noun: decline

1. decline (process) change toward something smaller or lower


Broader (hypernym)decrease, decrement

Narrower (hyponym)declension, decline in quality, deterioration, detumescence, ebb, ebbing, erosion, loss, nosedive, sinking spell, slippage, wane, worsening

2. decline (state) a condition inferior to an earlier condition; a gradual falling off from a better state


Broader (hypernym)condition, status

Narrower (hyponym)disuse, neglect, twilight, wreck

Antonymsmelioration, improvement

3. decline (process) a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current


Broader (hypernym)decrease, decrement

Narrower (hyponym)exponential decay, exponential return

4. decline (object) a downward slope or bend

Synonymsdeclension, declination, declivity, descent, downslope, fall

Broader (hypernym)incline, side, slope

Narrower (hyponym)downhill, steep

Antonymsacclivity, ascent, climb, upgrade, raise, rise

English verb: decline

1. decline (change) grow worse

SamplesConditions in the slum worsened.

ExamplesThe stock market is going to decline , The business is going to decline


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)change state, turn

Narrower (hyponym)come down, degenerate, deprive, deteriorate, devolve, drop, drop away, drop off, fail, fall away, impoverish, inflame, lose, regress, retrograde, retrogress, sicken, slip, suffer, suffer, tumble, turn down

Antonymsameliorate, improve, meliorate, better

2. decline (possession) refuse to accept

SamplesHe refused my offer of hospitality.

ExamplesThey decline the money

Synonymspass up, refuse, reject, turn down

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s something from somebody

Narrower (hyponym)bounce, dishonor, dishonour

Verb groupdisdain, freeze off, pooh-pooh, reject, scorn, spurn, turn down

Antonymsaccept, take, have

3. decline (communication) show unwillingness towards

SamplesHe declined to join the group on a hike.

ExamplesThey decline to move


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)react, respond

Narrower (hyponym)contract out, disdain, disobey, freeze off, pooh-pooh, regret, reject, repudiate, scorn, spurn, turn down

Antonymsconsent, go for, accept

4. decline (change) grow smaller

SamplesInterest in the project waned.

Synonymsgo down, wane

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)decrease, diminish, fall, lessen

Narrower (hyponym)dip, drop, wear on

5. decline (motion) go down

SamplesThe roof declines here.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)drop

Narrower (hyponym)dip, sink

6. decline (motion) go down in value

SamplesThe stock market corrected.
Prices slumped.

Synonymscorrect, slump

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)come down, descend, fall, go down

7. decline (communication) inflect for number, gender, case, etc.,

SamplesIn many languages, speakers decline nouns, pronouns, and adjectives.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)inflect

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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