English dictionary

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English noun: train

1. train (artifact) public transport provided by a line of railway cars coupled together and drawn by a locomotive

SamplesExpress trains don't stop at Princeton Junction.

Synonymsrailroad train

Broader (hypernym)public transport

Narrower (hyponym)boat train, car train, freight train, hospital train, mail train, passenger train, rattler, streamliner, subway train

Member holonymcar, engine, locomotive, locomotive engine, railcar, railroad car, railway car, railway locomotive

Domain category memberspassenger, rider, roll-on roll-off, standee

2. train (group) a sequentially ordered set of things or events or ideas in which each successive member is related to the preceding

SamplesA string of islands.
Train of mourners.
A train of thought.


Broader (hypernym)series

3. train (group) a procession (of wagons or mules or camels) traveling together in single file

SamplesWe were part of a caravan of almost a thousand camels.
They joined the wagon train for safety.

Synonymscaravan, wagon train

Broader (hypernym)procession

Member holonymConestoga, Conestoga wagon, covered wagon, prairie schooner, prairie wagon

4. train (event) a series of consequences wrought by an event

SamplesIt led to a train of disasters.

Broader (hypernym)aftermath, consequence

5. train (artifact) piece of cloth forming the long back section of a gown that is drawn along the floor

SamplesThe bride's train was carried by her two young nephews.

Broader (hypernym)piece of cloth, piece of material

Part meronymgown

6. train (artifact) wheelwork consisting of a connected set of rotating gears by which force is transmitted or motion or torque is changed

SamplesThe fool got his tie caught in the geartrain.

Synonymsgear, gearing, geartrain, power train

Broader (hypernym)wheelwork

Narrower (hyponym)epicyclic gear train, epicyclic train, reduction gear

Part meronymengine

English verb: train

1. train (cognition) create by training and teaching

SamplesThe old master is training world-class violinists.
We develop the leaders for the future.

Synonymsdevelop, educate, prepare

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)instruct, learn, teach

Narrower (hyponym)drill, house-train, housebreak, retrain, toilet-train

Verb groupbuild up, develop, groom, prepare, prepare, train, train

2. train (cognition) undergo training or instruction in preparation for a particular role, function, or profession

SamplesShe is training to be a teacher.
He trained as a legal aid.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s to somebody

Broader (hypernym)learn, read, study, take

Narrower (hyponym)apprentice, drill, retrain

Verb groupdevelop, educate, groom, prepare, prepare, train, train

3. train (social) develop (children's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control

SamplesParents must discipline their children.
Is this dog trained?.

Synonymscheck, condition, discipline

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)develop, make grow

Narrower (hyponym)mortify

Verb groupgroom, prepare, train

4. train (social) educate for a future role or function

SamplesHe is grooming his son to become his successor.
The prince was prepared to become King one day.
They trained him to be a warrior.

Synonymsgroom, prepare

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)educate

Narrower (hyponym)dispose, qualify

Verb groupcheck, condition, develop, discipline, educate, prepare, prepare, train, train, train

5. train (social) teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment

SamplesCultivate your musical taste.
Train your tastebuds.
She is well schooled in poetry.

Synonymscivilise, civilize, cultivate, educate, school

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)down, fine-tune, polish, refine

Narrower (hyponym)sophisticate

6. train (competition) point or cause to go (blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment) towards

SamplesPlease don't aim at your little brother!.
He trained his gun on the burglar.
Don't train your camera on the women.
Take a swipe at one's opponent.

Synonymsaim, direct, take, take aim

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)position

Narrower (hyponym)aim, charge, direct, draw a bead on, hold, level, level, place, point, point, sight, swing, target, turn

7. train (communication) teach and supervise (someone); act as a trainer or coach (to), as in sports

SamplesHe is training our Olympic team.
She is coaching the crew.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)instruct, learn, teach

Verb grouptrain

8. train (body) exercise in order to prepare for an event or competition

SamplesShe is training for the Olympics.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)exercise, work out

Verb groupcoach, train

9. train (social) cause to grow in a certain way by tying and pruning it

SamplesTrain the vine.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)check, contain, control, curb, hold, hold in, moderate

Narrower (hyponym)trellis

10. train (motion) travel by rail or train

SamplesThey railed from Rome to Venice.
She trained to Hamburg.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)ride

11. train (contact) drag loosely along a surface; allow to sweep the ground

SamplesThe toddler was trailing his pants.
She trained her long scarf behind her.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)drag

Verb grouptrail

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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