English dictionary

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English noun: shift

1. shift (event) an event in which something is displaced without rotation


Broader (hypernym)translation

Narrower (hyponym)amplitude, luxation

2. shift (event) a qualitative change

Synonymstransformation, transmutation

Broader (hypernym)alteration, change, modification

Narrower (hyponym)advance, betterment, changeover, conversion, degeneration, improvement, population shift, pyrolysis, retrogression, sea change, strengthening, sublimation, tin disease, tin pest, tin plague, transition, weakening

3. shift (time) the time period during which you are at work

Synonymsduty period, work shift

Broader (hypernym)hours

Narrower (hyponym)day shift, evening shift, go, graveyard shift, night shift, spell, split shift, swing shift, tour, trick, turn, watch

Part meronymworkday, working day

4. shift (act) the act of changing one thing or position for another

SamplesHis switch on abortion cost him the election.

Synonymsswitch, switching

Broader (hypernym)change

Narrower (hyponym)switcheroo

5. shift (act) the act of moving from one place to another

SamplesHis constant shifting disrupted the class.


Broader (hypernym)motion, move, movement

6. shift (object) (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other

SamplesThey built it right over a geological fault.
He studied the faulting of the earth's crust.

Synonymsbreak, fault, faulting, fracture, geological fault

Broader (hypernym)cleft, crack, crevice, fissure, scissure

Narrower (hyponym)inclined fault, strike-slip fault

Instance hyponymDenali Fault, San Andreas Fault

Part holonymfault line

Domain categorygeology

7. shift (group) a crew of workers who work for a specific period of time

Broader (hypernym)crew, gang, work party

Narrower (hyponym)day shift, day watch, evening shift, graveyard shift, night shift, relay

Part meronymhands, manpower, men, work force, workforce

8. shift (artifact) the key on the typewriter keyboard that shifts from lower-case letters to upper-case letters

Synonymsshift key

Broader (hypernym)key

Part meronymtypewriter keyboard

9. shift (artifact) a woman's sleeveless undergarment

Synonymschemise, shimmy, slip, teddy

Broader (hypernym)undergarment, unmentionable

Part holonymshoulder strap, strap

10. shift (artifact) a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist

Synonymschemise, sack

Broader (hypernym)dress, frock

English verb: shift

1. shift (change) make a shift in or exchange of

SamplesFirst Joe led; then we switched.

Synonymschange over, switch

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)back, veer

2. shift (motion) change place or direction

SamplesShift one's position.

Synonymsdislodge, reposition

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)displace, move

Narrower (hyponym)beat down

3. shift (motion) move around

SamplesTransfer the packet from his trouser pockets to a pocket in his jacket.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody PP.
Somebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)displace, move

Narrower (hyponym)bunker, carry, carry forward, carry over, remove, shuffle, shunt, transfer, translocate, transpose, transship

4. shift (motion) move very slightly

SamplesHe shifted in his seat.

ExamplesThe crowds shift in the streets

Synonymsagitate, budge, stir

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)move

5. shift (change) move from one setting or context to another

SamplesShift the emphasis.
Shift one's attention.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)transfer, transplant, transpose

6. shift (change) change in quality

SamplesHis tone shifted.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)change

7. shift (change) move and exchange for another

SamplesShift the date for our class reunion.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)exchange, interchange, replace, substitute

8. shift (motion) move sideways or in an unsteady way

SamplesThe ship careened out of control.

Synonymscareen, tilt, wobble

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)move

9. shift (motion) move abruptly

SamplesThe ship suddenly lurched to the left.

Synonymslurch, pitch

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)move

10. shift (communication) use a shift key on a keyboard

SamplesShe could not shift so all her letters are written in lower case.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)type, typewrite

11. shift (change) change phonetically as part of a systematic historical change

SamplesGrimm showed how the consonants shifted.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)change

Domain categoryphonetics

12. shift (change) change gears

SamplesYou have to shift when you go down a steep hill.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)change, shift, switch

13. shift (change) lay aside, abandon, or leave for another

SamplesSwitch to a different brand of beer.
She switched psychiatrists.
The car changed lanes.

Synonymschange, switch

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Narrower (hyponym)break, break, channel-surf, cut, diphthongise, diphthongize, jump, leap, shift, surf, transition

Verb groupchange, change, commute, convert, exchange

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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