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English noun: control

1. control (attribute) power to direct or determine

SamplesUnder control.

Broader (hypernym)power, powerfulness

Narrower (hyponym)authorisation, authority, authorization, corporatism, dominance, hold, iron fist, potency, rein, say-so

2. control a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another

SamplesMeasures for the control of disease.
They instituted controls over drinking on campus.

Broader (hypernym)relation

3. control (act) (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc

SamplesThe timing and control of his movements were unimpaired.
He had lost control of his sphincters.

Broader (hypernym)activity, bodily function, bodily process, body process

Narrower (hyponym)motor control

Domain categoryphysiology

4. control (cognition) a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment

SamplesThe control condition was inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw.

Synonymscontrol condition

Broader (hypernym)criterion, standard

Part meronymexperiment, experimentation

5. control (act) the activity of managing or exerting control over something

SamplesThe control of the mob by the police was admirable.

Broader (hypernym)activity

Narrower (hyponym)crowd control, damage control, direction, federalisation, federalization, flight control, flood control, grasping, guidance, imperialism, internal control, ownership, possession, possession, power trip, prehension, price-fixing, regularisation, regularization, regulating, regulation, regulation, repression, restraint, riot control, riot control operation, seizing, self-control, self-denial, self-discipline, steerage, steering, steering, taking hold, traffic control

6. control (state) the state that exists when one person or group has power over another

SamplesHer apparent dominance of her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her.

Synonymsascendance, ascendancy, ascendence, ascendency, dominance

Broader (hypernym)condition, status

Narrower (hyponym)absolutism, ascendant, ascendent, despotism, domination, dominion, mastery, monopoly, predominance, predomination, prepotency, regulation, rule, supremacy, tyranny

7. control (attribute) discipline in personal and social activities

SamplesHe was a model of polite restraint.
She never lost control of herself.


Broader (hypernym)discipline

Narrower (hyponym)continence, inhibition, moderation, self-restraint, temperance, temperateness


8. control (cognition) great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity

SamplesA good command of French.

Synonymscommand, mastery

Broader (hypernym)skillfulness

9. control (artifact) a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine

SamplesThe speed controller on his turntable was not working properly.
I turned the controls over to her.


Broader (hypernym)mechanism

Narrower (hyponym)cruise control, dial, disk controller, electric switch, electrical switch, governor, handwheel, joystick, regulator, regulator, switch, valve

10. control (person) a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance

Broader (hypernym)disembodied spirit, spirit

11. control (communication) the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.

SamplesThey wanted to repeal all the legislation that imposed economic controls.

Broader (hypernym)economic policy

Narrower (hyponym)base, cap, ceiling, floor, price control, roof

English verb: control

1. control (social) exercise authoritative control or power over

SamplesControl the budget.
Command the military forces.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)becharm, call the shots, call the tune, care, channelise, channelize, charm, corner, deal, direct, dominate, draw rein, govern, govern, guide, handle, harness, head, hold, hold one's own, hold sway, internationalise, internationalize, manage, maneuver, manoeuver, manoeuvre, master, monopolise, monopolize, point, preoccupy, preside, regiment, rein, rein in, rule, steer, steer, wear the trousers

2. control (social) lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits

SamplesModerate your alcohol intake.
Hold your tongue.
Hold your temper.
Control your anger.

Synonymscheck, contain, curb, hold, hold in, moderate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)hold back, keep, keep back, restrain

Narrower (hyponym)abnegate, bate, bound, catch, confine, conquer, counteract, countercheck, crucify, curb, damp, deny, inhibit, limit, mortify, restrain, restrict, restrict, stamp down, subdue, subdue, suppress, thermostat, throttle, train, trammel

3. control (contact) handle and cause to function

SamplesDo not operate machinery after imbibing alcohol.
Control the lever.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)manipulate

Narrower (hyponym)aviate, dial, drive, fly, gate, pedal, pilot, relay, submarine, synchronise, synchronize, treadle, turn

Verb groupcontrol, master

4. control (emotion) control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage

SamplesShe manipulates her boss.
She is a very controlling mother and doesn't let her children grow up.
The teacher knew how to keep the class in line.
She keeps in line.

Synonymskeep in line, manipulate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)interact

Narrower (hyponym)handle, ingratiate, tease

5. control (social) check or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard

SamplesAre you controlling for the temperature?.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)essay, examine, prove, test, try, try out

Verb groupascertain, assure, check, control, ensure, insure, see, see to it

Domain categoryscience, scientific discipline

6. control (cognition) verify by using a duplicate register for comparison

SamplesControl an account.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)ascertain, assure, check, control, ensure, insure, see, see to it

Domain categoryarchaicism, archaism

7. control (cognition) be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something

SamplesHe verified that the valves were closed.
See that the curtains are closed.
Control the quality of the product.

Synonymsascertain, assure, check, ensure, insure, see, see to it

Pattern of useSomebody ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)verify

Narrower (hyponym)card, cinch, control, cover, cross-check, double-check, proof, proofread, spot-check

Verb groupascertain, check, check, check, check off, control, determine, find out, learn, mark, mark off, see, tick, tick off, verify, watch

8. control (cognition) have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of

SamplesDo you control these data?.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)know

Narrower (hyponym)cinch


Verb groupcontrol, operate

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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