English dictionary

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English noun: hold

1. hold (act) the act of grasping

SamplesHe released his clasp on my arm.
He has a strong grip for an old man.
She kept a firm hold on the railing.

Synonymsclasp, clench, clutch, clutches, grasp, grip

Broader (hypernym)grasping, prehension, seizing, taking hold

Narrower (hyponym)choke hold, chokehold, embrace, embracement, embracing, wrestling hold

2. hold (cognition) understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something

SamplesHe has a good grasp of accounting practices.

Synonymsappreciation, grasp

Broader (hypernym)apprehension, discernment, savvy, understanding

Narrower (hyponym)sense

3. hold (attribute) power by which something or someone is affected or dominated

SamplesHe has a hold over them.

Broader (hypernym)control

4. hold (time) time during which some action is awaited

SamplesInstant replay caused too long a delay.
He ordered a hold in the action.

Synonymsdelay, postponement, time lag, wait

Broader (hypernym)break, intermission, interruption, pause, suspension

Narrower (hyponym)extension, moratorium, retardation

5. hold (state) a state of being confined (usually for a short time)

SamplesHis detention was politically motivated.
The prisoner is on hold.
He is in the custody of police.

Synonymscustody, detainment, detention

Broader (hypernym)confinement

6. hold (artifact) a stronghold

Broader (hypernym)fastness, stronghold

Domain usagearchaicism, archaism

7. hold (artifact) a cell in a jail or prison


Broader (hypernym)cell, jail cell, prison cell

8. hold (artifact) the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it

SamplesHe grabbed the hammer by the handle.
It was an old briefcase but it still had a good grip.

Synonymsgrip, handgrip, handle

Broader (hypernym)appendage

Narrower (hyponym)ax handle, axe handle, broom handle, broomstick, crop, gunstock, haft, helve, hilt, hoe handle, knob, mop handle, panhandle, pommel, pommel, rake handle, saddlebow, stock, stock

Part holonymshank, stem

Part meronymaspergill, aspersorium, baggage, baseball bat, bat, briefcase, brush, carpet beater, carrycot, cart, cheese cutter, coffee cup, coffeepot, cricket bat, cutlery, eating utensil, edge tool, faucet, French telephone, frying pan, frypan, go-cart, hand tool, handbarrow, handcart, handlebar, handset, ladle, luggage, lumber, mug, pushcart, racket, racquet, rug beater, saucepan, skillet, spatula, spigot, teacup, umbrella, watering can, watering pot

9. hold (artifact) the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargo

Synonymscargo area, cargo deck, cargo hold, storage area

Broader (hypernym)enclosure

Part meronymship

English verb: hold

1. hold (stative) keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g.,

SamplesKeep clean.
Hold in place.
She always held herself as a lady.
The students keep me on my toes.

Synonymskeep, maintain

Pattern of useSomething ----s something Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s somebody PP.
Somebody ----s something PP

Narrower (hyponym)bear on, carry on, conserve, continue, distance, hold over, housekeep, preserve, preserve, pressurise, pressurize, uphold

2. hold (contact) have or hold in one's hands or grip

SamplesHold this bowl for a moment, please.
A crazy idea took hold of him.

ExamplesThey want to hold the prisoners

Synonymstake hold

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)clinch, cling to, clutch, cradle, cradle, grasp, hold close, hold on, hold tight, interlace, interlock, lock, trap

Antonymslet go, let go of, release, relinquish

3. hold (creation) organize or be responsible for

SamplesHold a reception.
Have, throw, or make a party.
Give a course.

Synonymsgive, have, make, throw

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)direct

4. hold (possession) have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense

SamplesShe has $1,000 in the bank.
He has got two beautiful daughters.
She holds a Master's degree from Harvard.

Synonymshave, have got

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)bear, carry, carry, exert, hold, hold on, keep, keep, keep, keep, keep, maintain, maintain, maintain, monopolise, monopolize, stock, stockpile, sustain, wield

Verb groupfeature, have

5. hold (cognition) keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view

SamplesTake for granted.
View as important.
Hold these truths to be self-evident.
I hold him personally responsible.

Synonymsdeem, take for, view as

Pattern of useSomething ----s something Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s somebody something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)consider, reckon, regard, see, view

Verb grouphold

6. hold (emotion) maintain (a theory, thoughts, or feelings)

SamplesBear a grudge.
Entertain interesting notions.
Harbor a resentment.

Synonymsentertain, harbor, harbour, nurse

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)experience, feel

7. hold (contact) to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement

SamplesThis holds the local until the express passengers change trains.
About a dozen animals were held inside the stockade.
The illegal immigrants were held at a detention center.
The terrorists held the journalists for ransom.

Synonymsconfine, restrain

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)disable, disenable, incapacitate

Narrower (hyponym)bind, enchain, fetter, fold, ground, impound, pen up, pinion, pound, pound, pound up, shackle, shackle, tie down, tie up, truss

8. hold (possession) secure and keep for possible future use or application

SamplesThe landlord retained the security deposit.
I reserve the right to disagree.

ExamplesThey hold the money

Synonymshold back, keep back, retain

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)hold on, keep

Narrower (hyponym)hold down

9. hold (possession) have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices

SamplesShe bears the title of Duchess.
He held the governorship for almost a decade.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)have, have got, hold

10. hold (contact) be the physical support of; carry the weight of

SamplesThe beam holds up the roof.
He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam.
What's holding that mirror?.

Synonymshold up, support, sustain

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)block, brace, bracket, buoy, buoy up, carry, chock, pole, prop, prop up, scaffold, shore, shore up, truss, underpin

11. hold (stative) contain or hold; have within

SamplesThe jar carries wine.
The canteen holds fresh water.
This can contains water.

ExamplesThey hold the animals

Synonymsbear, carry, contain

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)include

Narrower (hyponym)confine, enclose, hold in, retain

Verb groupcontain, hold, take

12. hold (stative) have room for; hold without crowding

SamplesThis hotel can accommodate 250 guests.
The theater admits 300 people.
The auditorium can't hold more than 500 people.

Synonymsaccommodate, admit

Pattern of useSomething ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)house, seat, sleep

Verb groupcontain, hold, take

13. hold (stative) remain in a certain state, position, or condition

SamplesThe weather held.
They held on the road and kept marching.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)continue, go along, go on, keep, proceed

14. hold (contact) support or hold in a certain manner

SamplesShe holds her head high.
He carried himself upright.

Synonymsbear, carry

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)acquit, balance, bear, behave, carry, comport, conduct, deport, piggyback, poise, sling, stoop

15. hold (stative) be valid, applicable, or true

SamplesThis theory still holds.

Synonymsobtain, prevail

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)be, exist

16. hold (cognition) assert or affirm

SamplesRousseau's philosophy holds that people are inherently good.

ExamplesThey hold that there was a traffic accident

Pattern of useSomebody ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)affirm, assert, aver, avow, swan, swear, verify

Verb groupdeem, hold, take for, view as

17. hold (stative) have as a major characteristic

SamplesThe novel holds many surprises.
The book holds in store much valuable advise.

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)be

18. hold (stative) be capable of holding or containing

SamplesThis box won't take all the items.
The flask holds one gallon.

Synonymscontain, take

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)be

Verb groupaccommodate, admit, bear, carry, contain, hold, hold

19. hold (social) arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance

SamplesReserve me a seat on a flight.
The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family.
Please hold a table at Maxim's.

Synonymsbook, reserve

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bespeak, call for, quest, request

Narrower (hyponym)hold open, keep, keep open, save

Entailprocure, secure

Verb groupreserve

20. hold (competition) protect against a challenge or attack

SamplesHold that position behind the trees!.
Hold the bridge against the enemy's attacks.

Synonymsdefend, guard

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)protect

Verb grouphold

21. hold (communication) bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted

SamplesHe's held by a contract.
I'll hold you by your promise.

Synonymsbind, obligate, oblige

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)relate

Narrower (hyponym)article, indent, indenture, pledge, tie down

22. hold (cognition) hold the attention of

SamplesThe soprano held the audience.
This story held our interest.
She can hold an audience spellbound.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)becharm, beguile, bewitch, captivate, capture, catch, charm, enamor, enamour, enchant, entrance, fascinate, trance

23. hold (cognition) remain committed to

SamplesI hold to these ideas.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)believe, conceive, consider, think

24. hold (stative) resist or confront with resistance

SamplesThe politician defied public opinion.
The new material withstands even the greatest wear and tear.
The bridge held.

Synonymsdefy, hold up, withstand

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)hold out, resist, stand firm, withstand

Narrower (hyponym)brave, brave out, endure, weather

25. hold (stative) be pertinent or relevant or applicable

SamplesThe same laws apply to you!.
This theory holds for all irrational numbers.
The same rules go for everyone.

Synonymsapply, go for

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)bear on, come to, concern, have-to doe with, pertain, refer, relate, touch, touch on

Verb groupapply, lend oneself

26. hold (stative) stop dealing with

SamplesHold all calls to the President's office while he is in a meeting.

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)defer, hold over, postpone, prorogue, put off, put over, remit, set back, shelve, table

27. hold (social) lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits

SamplesModerate your alcohol intake.
Hold your tongue.
Hold your temper.
Control your anger.

Synonymscheck, contain, control, curb, hold in, moderate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)hold back, keep, keep back, restrain

Narrower (hyponym)abnegate, bate, bound, catch, confine, conquer, counteract, countercheck, crucify, curb, damp, deny, inhibit, limit, mortify, restrain, restrict, restrict, stamp down, subdue, subdue, suppress, thermostat, throttle, train, trammel

28. hold (social) keep from departing

SamplesHold the taxi.
Hold the horse.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)keep, prevent

29. hold (social) take and maintain control over, often by violent means

SamplesThe dissatisfied students held the President's office for almost a week.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)command, control

Verb groupdefend, guard, hold

30. hold (motion) cause to stop

SamplesHalt the engines.
Arrest the progress.
Halt the presses.

ExamplesThey hold the animals

Synonymsarrest, halt

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)stop

31. hold (contact) cover as for protection against noise or smell

SamplesShe held her ears when the jackhammer started to operate.
Hold one's nose.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)cover

32. hold (consumption) drink alcohol without showing ill effects

SamplesHe can hold his liquor.
He had drunk more than he could carry.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)booze, drink, fuddle

33. hold (competition) aim, point, or direct

SamplesHold the fire extinguisher directly on the flames.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody PP

Broader (hypernym)aim, direct, take, take aim, train

34. hold (communication) declare to be

SamplesShe was declared incompetent.
Judge held that the defendant was innocent.

Synonymsadjudge, declare

Pattern of useSomething ----s something Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s somebody something

Broader (hypernym)evaluate, judge, pass judgment

Narrower (hyponym)acknowledge, admit, bastardise, bastardize, beatify, call, cancel, canonise, canonize, certify, formalise, formalize, judge, label, pronounce, saint, strike down, superannuate

35. hold (communication) be in accord; be in agreement

SamplesWe agreed on the terms of the settlement.
I can't agree with you!.
I hold with those who say life is sacred.
Both philosophers concord on this point.

Synonymsagree, concord, concur

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s on something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE.
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Narrower (hyponym)arrange, concede, conciliate, conclude, fix up, grant, make up, patch up, reconcile, resolve, see eye to eye, settle, settle, subscribe, support, yield

Verb groupagree

Antonymsdisagree, take issue, differ, dissent

36. hold (body) keep from exhaling or expelling

SamplesHold your breath.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)hold back, keep, keep back, restrain

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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