English dictionary

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English verb: restrain

1. restrain (social) keep under control; keep in check

SamplesSuppress a smile.
Keep your temper.
Keep your cool.

Synonymshold back, keep, keep back

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody PP

Broader (hypernym)bottle up, inhibit, suppress

Narrower (hyponym)bottle up, check, confine, contain, control, curb, hold, hold, hold in, inhibit, moderate, suppress

2. restrain (change) place limits on (extent or access)

SamplesRestrict the use of this parking lot.
Limit the time you can spend with your friends.

Synonymsbound, confine, limit, restrict, throttle, trammel

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody PP.
Somebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)check, contain, control, curb, hold, hold in, moderate

Narrower (hyponym)baffle, clamp down, constrain, constrain, crack down, cramp, cumber, draw a line, draw the line, encumber, gate, halter, hamper, harness, inhibit, mark off, mark out, reduce, regulate, rein, restrain, rule, stiffen, strangle, tie, tighten, tighten, tighten up

3. restrain (contact) to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement

SamplesThis holds the local until the express passengers change trains.
About a dozen animals were held inside the stockade.
The illegal immigrants were held at a detention center.
The terrorists held the journalists for ransom.

ExamplesThey want to restrain the prisoners

Synonymsconfine, hold

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)disable, disenable, incapacitate

Narrower (hyponym)bind, enchain, fetter, fold, ground, impound, pen up, pinion, pound, pound, pound up, shackle, shackle, tie down, tie up, truss

4. restrain (contact) hold back

Synonymsconstrain, cumber, encumber

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)bound, confine, limit, restrain, restrict, throttle, trammel

Narrower (hyponym)bridle, clog, curb

5. restrain (emotion) to compel or deter by or as if by threats


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)discourage

Narrower (hyponym)dash, daunt, frighten away, frighten off, pall, scare, scare away, scare off


Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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