English dictionary



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English noun: sum

1. sum (possession) a quantity of money


SamplesHe borrowed a large sum.
The amount he had in cash was insufficient.


Synonymsamount, amount of money, sum of money


Broader (hypernym)assets


Narrower (hyponym)advance, cash advance, cash surrender value, contribution, coverage, deductible, defalcation, figure, gain, gross, insurance coverage, loss, payroll, paysheet, peanuts, purse, purse, receipts, red, red ink, revenue

2. sum (cognition) a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers


Synonymsamount, total


Broader (hypernym)quantity


Narrower (hyponym)grand total, subtotal

3. sum (group) the final aggregate


SamplesThe sum of all our troubles did not equal the misery they suffered.


Synonymssum total, summation


Broader (hypernym)accumulation, aggregation, assemblage, collection


Narrower (hyponym)aggregate, congeries, conglomeration

4. sum (cognition) the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience


SamplesThe gist of the prosecutor's argument.
The heart and soul of the Republican Party.
The nub of the story.


Synonymscenter, centre, core, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, kernel, marrow, meat, nitty-gritty, nub, pith, substance


Broader (hypernym)cognitive content, content, mental object


Narrower (hyponym)bare bones, haecceity, hypostasis, quiddity, quintessence, stuff

5. sum (artifact) the whole amount


Synonymsaggregate, total, totality


Broader (hypernym)unit, whole

6. sum (group) a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets


SamplesLet C be the union of the sets A and B.


Synonymsjoin, union


Broader (hypernym)set


Narrower (hyponym)direct sum


English verb: sum

1. sum (stative) be a summary of


SamplesThe abstract summarizes the main ideas in the paper.


Synonymssum up, summarise, summarize


Pattern of useSomething ----s something


Broader (hypernym)say, state, tell


Verb groupresume, sum up, summarise, summarize

2. sum (communication) determine the sum of


SamplesAdd all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town.


Synonymsadd, add together, add up, sum up, summate, tally, tot, tot up, total, tote up


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)count, enumerate, number, numerate


Verb groupadd, add together









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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