English dictionary

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English noun: sum

1. sum (possession) a quantity of money

SamplesHe borrowed a large sum.
The amount he had in cash was insufficient.

Synonymsamount, amount of money, sum of money

Broader (hypernym)assets

Narrower (hyponym)advance, cash advance, cash surrender value, contribution, coverage, deductible, defalcation, figure, gain, gross, insurance coverage, loss, payroll, paysheet, peanuts, purse, purse, receipts, red, red ink, revenue

2. sum (cognition) a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers

Synonymsamount, total

Broader (hypernym)quantity

Narrower (hyponym)grand total, subtotal

3. sum (group) the final aggregate

SamplesThe sum of all our troubles did not equal the misery they suffered.

Synonymssum total, summation

Broader (hypernym)accumulation, aggregation, assemblage, collection

Narrower (hyponym)aggregate, congeries, conglomeration

4. sum (cognition) the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

SamplesThe gist of the prosecutor's argument.
The heart and soul of the Republican Party.
The nub of the story.

Synonymscenter, centre, core, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, kernel, marrow, meat, nitty-gritty, nub, pith, substance

Broader (hypernym)cognitive content, content, mental object

Narrower (hyponym)bare bones, haecceity, hypostasis, quiddity, quintessence, stuff

5. sum (artifact) the whole amount

Synonymsaggregate, total, totality

Broader (hypernym)unit, whole

6. sum (group) a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets

SamplesLet C be the union of the sets A and B.

Synonymsjoin, union

Broader (hypernym)set

Narrower (hyponym)direct sum

English verb: sum

1. sum (stative) be a summary of

SamplesThe abstract summarizes the main ideas in the paper.

Synonymssum up, summarise, summarize

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)say, state, tell

Verb groupresume, sum up, summarise, summarize

2. sum (communication) determine the sum of

SamplesAdd all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town.

Synonymsadd, add together, add up, sum up, summate, tally, tot, tot up, total, tote up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)count, enumerate, number, numerate

Verb groupadd, add together

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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