English dictionary

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English noun: temper

1. temper (feeling) a sudden outburst of anger

SamplesHis temper sparked like damp firewood.

Synonymsirritation, pique

Broader (hypernym)annoyance, chafe, vexation

2. temper (feeling) a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling

SamplesWhether he praised or cursed me depended on his temper at the time.
He was in a bad humor.

Synonymshumor, humour, mood

Broader (hypernym)feeling

Narrower (hyponym)amiability, distemper, good humor, good humour, good temper, ill humor, ill humour, peeve, sulk, sulkiness

3. temper (attribute) a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger

SamplesHis temper was well known to all his employees.

Synonymsbiliousness, irritability, peevishness, pettishness, snappishness, surliness

Broader (hypernym)ill nature

Narrower (hyponym)querulousness

4. temper (attribute) the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking


Broader (hypernym)elasticity, snap

English verb: temper

1. temper (change) bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling

SamplesTemper glass.

Synonymsanneal, normalize

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)harden, indurate

2. temper (change) harden by reheating and cooling in oil

SamplesTemper steel.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)modify

3. temper (change) adjust the pitch (of pianos)

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)adjust, correct, set

4. temper (change) make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate

SamplesShe tempered her criticism.

Synonymsmollify, season

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)weaken

5. temper (change) restrain

Synonymschasten, moderate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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