English dictionary

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English noun: ground

1. ground (object) the solid part of the earth's surface

SamplesThe plane turned away from the sea and moved back over land.
The earth shook for several minutes.
He dropped the logs on the ground.

Synonymsdry land, earth, land, solid ground, terra firma

Broader (hypernym)object, physical object

Narrower (hyponym)archipelago, beachfront, cape, champaign, coastal plain, field, floor, foreland, forest, island, isthmus, land mass, landmass, mainland, neck, ness, oxbow, peninsula, plain, slash, timber, timberland, wonderland, woodland

Instance hyponymAmerica

Part meronymEarth, globe, world

2. ground (motive) a rational motive for a belief or action

SamplesThe reason that war was declared.
The grounds for their declaration.


Broader (hypernym)rational motive

Narrower (hyponym)account, occasion, score, wherefore, why

3. ground (substance) the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface

SamplesThey dug into the earth outside the church.


Broader (hypernym)material, stuff

Narrower (hyponym)diatomaceous earth, diatomite, dirt, kieselguhr, moraine, saprolite, soil

4. ground a relation that provides the foundation for something

SamplesThey were on a friendly footing.
He worked on an interim basis.

Synonymsbasis, footing

Broader (hypernym)foundation

Narrower (hyponym)common ground

5. ground (location) a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle)

SamplesThey gained ground step by step.
They fought to regain the lost ground.

Broader (hypernym)military position, position

6. ground (cognition) the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground

SamplesHe posed her against a background of rolling hills.


Broader (hypernym)aspect, panorama, prospect, scene, view, vista

7. ground (object) material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)

SamplesThe land had never been plowed.
Good agricultural soil.

Synonymsland, soil

Broader (hypernym)object, physical object

Narrower (hyponym)badlands, bottom, bottomland, coastland, cultivated land, farmland, greensward, overburden, permafrost, ploughland, plowland, polder, rangeland, scablands, sod, sward, tillage, tilled land, tilth, turf, wetland

8. ground (cognition) a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused

Broader (hypernym)percept, perception, perceptual experience


9. ground (artifact) a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)


Broader (hypernym)connecter, connection, connective, connector, connexion

Domain categoryelectricity

10. ground (artifact) (art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting

Broader (hypernym)surface

Domain categoryart, artistic creation, artistic production

11. ground (artifact) the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface

Synonymsflat coat, primer, primer coat, priming, priming coat, undercoat

Broader (hypernym)coat of paint

Narrower (hyponym)couch

English verb: ground

1. ground (contact) fix firmly and stably

SamplesAnchor the lamppost in concrete.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)fasten, fix, secure

2. ground (contact) confine or restrict to the ground

SamplesAfter the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)confine, hold, restrain

3. ground (contact) place or put on the ground

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)lay, place, pose, position, put, set

4. ground (communication) instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)instruct, learn, teach

5. ground (motion) bring to the ground

SamplesThe storm grounded the ship.

Synonymsrun aground, strand

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)land

Causeground, run aground

6. ground (motion) hit or reach the ground

Synonymsrun aground

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)arrive at, attain, gain, hit, make, reach

7. ground (contact) throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)throw

Verb groupground

Domain categoryfootball, football game

8. ground (contact) hit a groundball

SamplesHe grounded to the second baseman.

Pattern of useIt is ----ing

Broader (hypernym)hit

Verb groupground

Domain categorybaseball, baseball game

9. ground (contact) hit onto the ground

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)hit

Verb groupground, ground

Domain categorybaseball, baseball game

10. ground (contact) cover with a primer; apply a primer to

ExamplesThey want to ground the doors

Synonymsprime, undercoat

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)paint

11. ground (contact) connect to a ground

SamplesGround the electrical connections for safety reasons.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)connect, link, link up, tie

Narrower (hyponym)earth

12. ground (cognition) use as a basis for; found on

SamplesBase a claim on some observation.

Synonymsbase, establish, found

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something PP

Narrower (hyponym)build

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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