English dictionary



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English adjective: hard

1. hard not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure


SamplesA difficult task.
Nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access.
Difficult times.
Why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?.


Synonymsdifficult


Similarambitious, arduous, awkward, baffling, catchy, challenging, delicate, elusive, embarrassing, fractious, hard-fought, herculean, knotty, nasty, problematic, problematical, rocky, rough, rugged, serious, sticky, tall, thorny, ticklish, tight, touchy, tough, tough, tricky, troublesome, trying, unenviable, vexed


See alsodemanding, effortful, hard


Attributedifficultness, difficulty


Antonymseasy

2. hard dispassionate


SamplesTook a hard look.
A hard bargainer.


Similarcalculating, calculative, case-hardened, conniving, hard-boiled, hardened, scheming, shrewd, steely


See alsodifficult, hard, insensitive, merciless, tough, unmerciful


Antonymssoft

3. hard resisting weight or pressure


Similaradamantine, al dente, corneous, erect, firm, granitelike, granitic, hardened, hornlike, horny, petrous, rocklike, semihard, set, solid, steely, stonelike, stony, tumid, unyielding, woody


Attributehardness


Antonymssoft

4. hard very strong or vigorous


SamplesStrong winds.
A hard left to the chin.
A knockout punch.
A severe blow.


Synonymsknockout, severe


Similarstrong


Antonymsweak

5. hard characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort


SamplesWorked their arduous way up the mining valley.
A grueling campaign.
Hard labor.
Heavy work.
Heavy going.
Spent many laborious hours on the project.
Set a punishing pace.


Synonymsarduous, backbreaking, grueling, gruelling, heavy, laborious, operose, punishing, toilsome


Similareffortful


Antonymseffortless

6. hard produced without vibration of the vocal cords


SamplesUnvoiced consonants such as `p' and `k' and `s'.


Synonymssurd, unvoiced, voiceless


Similarwhispered


Antonymssonant, voiced, soft

7. hard (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source


Synonymsconcentrated


Antonymsdiffuse, diffused, soft

8. hard (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward or touching the velum


SamplesRussian distinguished between hard consonants and palatalized or soft consonants.


Similarvelar


Antonymssoft

9. hard given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors


SamplesA hard drinker.


Synonymsheavy, intemperate


Similarindulgent


Antonymsnonindulgent, strict

10. hard being distilled rather than fermented; having a high alcoholic content


SamplesHard liquor.


Synonymsstrong


Similaralcoholic


Antonymsnonalcoholic

11. hard unfortunate or hard to bear


SamplesHad hard luck.
A tough break.


Synonymstough


Similarbad


Antonymsgood

12. hard dried out


SamplesHard dry rolls left over from the day before.


Similarstale


Antonymsfresh


English adverb: hard

1. hard with effort or force or vigor


SamplesThe team played hard.
Worked hard all day.
Pressed hard on the lever.
Hit the ball hard.
Slammed the door hard.

2. hard with firmness


SamplesHeld hard to the railing.


Synonymsfirmly

3. hard earnestly or intently


SamplesThought hard about it.
Stared hard at the accused.

4. hard causing great damage or hardship


SamplesIndustries hit hard by the depression.
She was severely affected by the bank's failure.


Synonymsseverely

5. hard slowly and with difficulty


SamplesPrejudices die hard.

6. hard indulging excessively


SamplesHe drank heavily.


Synonymsheavily, intemperately


Antonymslightly

7. hard into a solid condition


SamplesConcrete that sets hard within a few hours.

8. hard very near or close in space or time


SamplesIt stands hard by the railroad tracks.
They were hard on his heels.
A strike followed hard upon the plant's opening.

9. hard with pain or distress or bitterness


SamplesHe took the rejection very hard.

10. hard to the full extent possible; all the way


SamplesHard alee.
The ship went hard astern.
Swung the wheel hard left.









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