English dictionary

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English adjective: hard

1. hard not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure

SamplesA difficult task.
Nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access.
Difficult times.
Why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?.


Similarambitious, arduous, awkward, baffling, catchy, challenging, delicate, elusive, embarrassing, fractious, hard-fought, herculean, knotty, nasty, problematic, problematical, rocky, rough, rugged, serious, sticky, tall, thorny, ticklish, tight, touchy, tough, tough, tricky, troublesome, trying, unenviable, vexed

See alsodemanding, effortful, hard

Attributedifficultness, difficulty


2. hard dispassionate

SamplesTook a hard look.
A hard bargainer.

Similarcalculating, calculative, case-hardened, conniving, hard-boiled, hardened, scheming, shrewd, steely

See alsodifficult, hard, insensitive, merciless, tough, unmerciful


3. hard resisting weight or pressure

Similaradamantine, al dente, corneous, erect, firm, granitelike, granitic, hardened, hornlike, horny, petrous, rocklike, semihard, set, solid, steely, stonelike, stony, tumid, unyielding, woody



4. hard very strong or vigorous

SamplesStrong winds.
A hard left to the chin.
A knockout punch.
A severe blow.

Synonymsknockout, severe



5. hard characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort

SamplesWorked their arduous way up the mining valley.
A grueling campaign.
Hard labor.
Heavy work.
Heavy going.
Spent many laborious hours on the project.
Set a punishing pace.

Synonymsarduous, backbreaking, grueling, gruelling, heavy, laborious, operose, punishing, toilsome



6. hard produced without vibration of the vocal cords

SamplesUnvoiced consonants such as `p' and `k' and `s'.

Synonymssurd, unvoiced, voiceless


Antonymssonant, voiced, soft

7. hard (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source


Antonymsdiffuse, diffused, soft

8. hard (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward or touching the velum

SamplesRussian distinguished between hard consonants and palatalized or soft consonants.



9. hard given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors

SamplesA hard drinker.

Synonymsheavy, intemperate


Antonymsnonindulgent, strict

10. hard being distilled rather than fermented; having a high alcoholic content

SamplesHard liquor.




11. hard unfortunate or hard to bear

SamplesHad hard luck.
A tough break.




12. hard dried out

SamplesHard dry rolls left over from the day before.



English adverb: hard

1. hard with effort or force or vigor

SamplesThe team played hard.
Worked hard all day.
Pressed hard on the lever.
Hit the ball hard.
Slammed the door hard.

2. hard with firmness

SamplesHeld hard to the railing.


3. hard earnestly or intently

SamplesThought hard about it.
Stared hard at the accused.

4. hard causing great damage or hardship

SamplesIndustries hit hard by the depression.
She was severely affected by the bank's failure.


5. hard slowly and with difficulty

SamplesPrejudices die hard.

6. hard indulging excessively

SamplesHe drank heavily.

Synonymsheavily, intemperately


7. hard into a solid condition

SamplesConcrete that sets hard within a few hours.

8. hard very near or close in space or time

SamplesIt stands hard by the railroad tracks.
They were hard on his heels.
A strike followed hard upon the plant's opening.

9. hard with pain or distress or bitterness

SamplesHe took the rejection very hard.

10. hard to the full extent possible; all the way

SamplesHard alee.
The ship went hard astern.
Swung the wheel hard left.

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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