English adjective: hard
|1.||hard not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure|
|Samples||A difficult task.|
Nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access.
Why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?.
|Similar||ambitious, arduous, awkward, baffling, catchy, challenging, delicate, elusive, embarrassing, fractious, hard-fought, herculean, knotty, nasty, problematic, problematical, rocky, rough, rugged, serious, sticky, tall, thorny, ticklish, tight, touchy, tough, tough, tricky, troublesome, trying, unenviable, vexed|
|See also||demanding, effortful, hard|
|Samples||Took a hard look.|
A hard bargainer.
|Similar||calculating, calculative, case-hardened, conniving, hard-boiled, hardened, scheming, shrewd, steely|
|See also||difficult, hard, insensitive, merciless, tough, unmerciful|
|3.||hard resisting weight or pressure|
|Similar||adamantine, al dente, corneous, erect, firm, granitelike, granitic, hardened, hornlike, horny, petrous, rocklike, semihard, set, solid, steely, stonelike, stony, tumid, unyielding, woody|
|4.||hard very strong or vigorous|
A hard left to the chin.
A knockout punch.
A severe blow.
|5.||hard characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort|
|Samples||Worked their arduous way up the mining valley.|
A grueling campaign.
Spent many laborious hours on the project.
Set a punishing pace.
|Synonyms||arduous, backbreaking, grueling, gruelling, heavy, laborious, operose, punishing, toilsome|
|6.||hard produced without vibration of the vocal cords|
|Samples||Unvoiced consonants such as `p' and `k' and `s'.|
|Synonyms||surd, unvoiced, voiceless|
|Antonyms||sonant, voiced, soft|
|7.||hard (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source|
|Antonyms||diffuse, diffused, soft|
|8.||hard (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward or touching the velum|
|Samples||Russian distinguished between hard consonants and palatalized or soft consonants.|
|9.||hard given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors|
|Samples||A hard drinker.|
|10.||hard being distilled rather than fermented; having a high alcoholic content|
|11.||hard unfortunate or hard to bear|
|Samples||Had hard luck.|
A tough break.
|12.||hard dried out|
|Samples||Hard dry rolls left over from the day before.|
English adverb: hard
|1.||hard with effort or force or vigor|
|Samples||The team played hard.|
Worked hard all day.
Pressed hard on the lever.
Hit the ball hard.
Slammed the door hard.
|2.||hard with firmness|
|Samples||Held hard to the railing.|
|3.||hard earnestly or intently|
|Samples||Thought hard about it.|
Stared hard at the accused.
|4.||hard causing great damage or hardship|
|Samples||Industries hit hard by the depression.|
She was severely affected by the bank's failure.
|5.||hard slowly and with difficulty|
|Samples||Prejudices die hard.|
|6.||hard indulging excessively|
|Samples||He drank heavily.|
|7.||hard into a solid condition|
|Samples||Concrete that sets hard within a few hours.|
|8.||hard very near or close in space or time|
|Samples||It stands hard by the railroad tracks.|
They were hard on his heels.
A strike followed hard upon the plant's opening.
|9.||hard with pain or distress or bitterness|
|Samples||He took the rejection very hard.|
|10.||hard to the full extent possible; all the way|
The ship went hard astern.
Swung the wheel hard left.