English dictionary

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English noun: portion

1. portion something determined in relation to something that includes it

SamplesHe wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself.
I read a portion of the manuscript.
The smaller component is hard to reach.
The animal constituent of plankton.

Synonymscomponent, component part, constituent, part

Broader (hypernym)relation

Narrower (hyponym)balance, base, basis, butt, detail, item, item, language unit, linguistic unit, member, particular, point, remainder, residual, residue, residuum, rest, subpart, substance, unit

Part meronymmeronymy, part to whole relation

2. portion (artifact) something less than the whole of a human artifact

SamplesThe rear part of the house.
Glue the two parts together.


Broader (hypernym)object, physical object

Narrower (hyponym)appendage, backbone, bit, bottleneck, bulb, butt, component, constituent, cutout, element, foible, fore edge, foredge, forte, fraction, heel, hub, jetsam, limb, neck, peen, piece, pressing, seat, section, segment, shank, spine, stub, toe, turnout, upstage, upstairs, waist, widening, wreckage

Part meronymunit, whole

3. portion (act) the allotment of some amount by dividing something

SamplesDeath gets more than its share of attention from theologians.

Synonymsparcel, share

Broader (hypernym)allocation, allotment, apportioning, apportionment, assignation, parceling, parcelling

4. portion (possession) assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group

SamplesHe wanted his share in cash.

Synonymspart, percentage, share

Broader (hypernym)assets

Narrower (hyponym)allocation, allotment, allowance, cut, dispensation, dole, interest, piece, profit sharing, ration, slice, split, stake, tranche, way

Part meronymearnings, lucre, net, net income, net profit, profit, profits

5. portion (state) your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you)

SamplesWhatever my fortune may be.
Deserved a better fate.
Has a happy lot.
The luck of the Irish.
A victim of circumstances.
Success that was her portion.

Synonymscircumstances, destiny, fate, fortune, lot, luck

Broader (hypernym)condition

Narrower (hyponym)bad luck, failure, good fortune, good luck, ill luck, luckiness, misfortune, providence, tough luck

6. portion (possession) money or property brought by a woman to her husband at marriage

Synonymsdower, dowery, dowry

Broader (hypernym)gift

7. portion (food) an individual quantity of food or drink taken as part of a meal

SamplesThe helpings were all small.
His portion was larger than hers.
There's enough for two servings each.

Synonymshelping, serving

Broader (hypernym)small indefinite amount, small indefinite quantity

Narrower (hyponym)breast, drink, drumstick, libation, medallion, oyster, parson's nose, piece, pope's nose, round, round of drinks, second joint, slice, thigh, white meat, wing

Part holonymmouthful, taste

Part meronymmeal, repast

English verb: portion

1. portion (possession) give out

SamplesWe were assigned new uniforms.

Synonymsallot, assign

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody something.
Somebody ----s something to somebody

Broader (hypernym)administer, allot, deal, deal out, dish out, dispense, distribute, dole out, lot, mete out, parcel out, shell out

Narrower (hyponym)allocate, allow, apportion, appropriate, earmark, reserve, set aside

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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