English dictionary

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English verb: keep back

1. keep back (social) keep under control; keep in check

SamplesSuppress a smile.
Keep your temper.
Keep your cool.

Synonymshold back, keep, restrain

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody PP

Broader (hypernym)bottle up, inhibit, suppress

Narrower (hyponym)bottle up, check, confine, contain, control, curb, hold, hold, hold in, inhibit, moderate, suppress

2. keep back (possession) secure and keep for possible future use or application

SamplesThe landlord retained the security deposit.
I reserve the right to disagree.

ExamplesThey keep back the money

Synonymshold, hold back, retain

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)hold on, keep

Narrower (hyponym)hold down

3. keep back (possession) hold back; refuse to hand over or share

SamplesThe father is withholding the allowance until the son cleans his room.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something from somebody

Broader (hypernym)deny, refuse

Narrower (hyponym)block, deny, deprive, freeze, immobilise, immobilise, immobilize, immobilize, keep to oneself, reserve

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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