English dictionary

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English noun: Be

1. Be (substance) a light strong brittle grey toxic bivalent metallic element

Synonymsatomic number 4, beryllium, glucinium

Broader (hypernym)metal, metallic element

Substance meronymberyl, chrysoberyl, gadolinite, ytterbite

English verb: be

1. be (stative) have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)

SamplesJohn is rich.
This is not a good answer.

ExamplesJohn will be angry

Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Something ----s Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s Adjective.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s PP

Narrower (hyponym)abound, accept, account, account for, act, add up, add up, adhere, adorn, amount, answer, appear, appear, bake, balance, be, be given, be well, beat, beautify, bedevil, befuddle, begin, begin, belong, belong, belong, belong, body forth, boil, breathe, broil, buy, buzz, clean, cohere, come, come, come, come in for, come in handy, compact, compare, comprise, confound, confuse, connect, consist, consist, contain, contain, continue, continue, coruscate, cost, count, count, cover, curve, cut, cut across, deck, decorate, define, delimit, delimit, delimitate, delineate, depend, deserve, disaccord, disagree, discombobulate, discord, distribute, diverge, draw, drown, embellish, embody, encounter, end, enter, fall, fall, feel, figure, fit, footle, fox, fuddle, gape, go, go, grace, gravitate, hail, hang, hang around, head, head up, hold, hold, hoodoo, hum, hurt, impend, incarnate, incline, interrelate, iridesce, jumble, kill, lallygag, lean, lend, let go, lie, linger, litter, loaf, loiter, lollygag, look, look, lounge, lubricate, lurk, make, make sense, matter, measure, merit, mess about, mill about, mill around, mingle, moon about, moon around, mope, need, number, object, osculate, owe, pack, pay, point, press, promise, prove, put out, rage, range, rank, rate, recognize, relate, remain, remain, remain, represent, require, rest, rest, retard, run, run, run, run into, rut, scintillate, seem, seem, seem, seethe, seethe, sell, sell, sell, shine, shine, sparkle, specify, squat, stagnate, stagnate, stand, stand, stand by, start, stay, stay, stay on, stick, stick, stick by, stink, substantiate, subtend, suck, suffer, suffer, suit, swim, swim, swing, take, take, tarry, tend, terminate, test, throw, total, translate, transplant, trim, turn out, turn up, twist, underlie, want, wash, weigh, wind, work, yaw, yawn

2. be (stative) be identical to; be someone or something

SamplesThe president of the company is John Smith.
This is my house.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

3. be (stative) occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere

SamplesWhere is my umbrella?.
The toolshed is in the back.
What is behind this behavior?.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Narrower (hyponym)attend, belong, center on, come, continue, cover, dwell, extend, extend, extend, extend to, face, fill, follow, go, go, go, go to, inhabit, inhabit, keep one's distance, keep one's eyes off, keep one's hands off, lead, lead, lie, lie, live, occupy, pass, poke out, populate, reach, reach out, rest, run, sit, sit, sit around, stand back, stay away, straddle, stretch, stretch along, touch

4. be (stative) have an existence, be extant

SamplesIs there a God?.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Narrower (hyponym)coexist, come, consist, distribute, dwell, dwell, endanger, flow, hold, imperil, indwell, inhabit, jeopardise, jeopardize, kick about, kick around, knock about, lie, lie in, menace, obtain, peril, preexist, prevail, threaten

5. be (stative) happen, occur, take place

SamplesI lost my wallet; this was during the visit to my parents' house.
There were two hundred people at his funeral.
There was a lot of noise in the kitchen.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Something is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

6. be (stative) be identical or equivalent to

SamplesOne dollar equals 1,000 rubles these days!.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)agree, check, correspond, correspond, correspond, equate, fit, gibe, jibe, match, represent, stand for, tally, translate


7. be (stative) form or compose

SamplesThis money is my only income.
The stone wall was the backdrop for the performance.
These constitute my entire belonging.
The children made up the chorus.
This sum represents my entire income for a year.
These few men comprise his entire army.

Synonymscomprise, constitute, make up, represent

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Narrower (hyponym)compose, constitute, fall into, fall under, form, make, make, pose, present, range, straddle, supplement

8. be (social) work in a specific place, with a specific subject, or in a specific function

SamplesHe is a herpetologist.
She is our resident philosopher.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s PP

Narrower (hyponym)cox, vet

9. be (stative) represent, as of a character on stage

SamplesDerek Jacobi was Hamlet.

Synonymsembody, personify

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)represent, stand for, symbolise, symbolize, typify

Narrower (hyponym)body, exemplify, personify, represent

10. be (possession) spend or use time

SamplesI may be an hour.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)occupy, take, use up

11. be (stative) have life, be alive

SamplesOur great leader is no more.
My grandfather lived until the end of war.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Verb groupendure, go, hold out, hold up, last, live, live on, survive

12. be (stative) to remain unmolested, undisturbed, or uninterrupted -- used only in infinitive form

SamplesLet her be.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)remain, rest, stay

13. be (stative) be priced at

SamplesThese shoes cost $100.


Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)be

Narrower (hyponym)knock back, put back, set back

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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