English dictionary

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English noun: tone

1. tone (communication) the quality of a person's voice

SamplesHe began in a conversational tone.
He spoke in a nervous tone of voice.

Synonymstone of voice

Broader (hypernym)delivery, manner of speaking, speech

Narrower (hyponym)note, rotundity, roundness, undertone

2. tone (attribute) (linguistics) a pitch or change in pitch of the voice that serves to distinguish words in tonal languages

SamplesThe Beijing dialect uses four tones.

Broader (hypernym)pitch

Domain categorylinguistics

3. tone (attribute) (music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound)

SamplesThe timbre of her soprano was rich and lovely.
The muffled tones of the broken bell summoned them to meet.

Synonymsquality, timber, timbre

Broader (hypernym)sound property

Narrower (hyponym)color, coloration, colour, colouration, harmonic, nasality, plangency, register, resonance, resonance, reverberance, ringing, shrillness, sonority, sonorousness, stridence, stridency, vibrancy

Domain categorymusic

4. tone (state) the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people

SamplesThe feel of the city excited him.
A clergyman improved the tone of the meeting.
It had the smell of treason.

Synonymsfeel, feeling, flavor, flavour, look, smell, spirit

Broader (hypernym)ambiance, ambience, atmosphere

Narrower (hyponym)Hollywood, Zeitgeist

5. tone (attribute) a quality of a given color that differs slightly from another color

SamplesAfter several trials he mixed the shade of pink that she wanted.

Synonymsshade, tincture, tint

Broader (hypernym)color, coloring, colour, colouring

Narrower (hyponym)mellowness, richness, tinge, undertone

6. tone (communication) a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound

SamplesThe singer held the note too long.

Synonymsmusical note, note

Broader (hypernym)musical notation

Narrower (hyponym)acciaccatura, appoggiatura, blue note, chord, crotchet, demisemiquaver, dominant, eighth note, grace note, half note, hemidemisemiquaver, keynote, leading tone, mediant, middle C, minim, monotone, passing note, passing tone, pedal, pedal point, quarter note, quaver, semibreve, semiquaver, shake, sixteenth note, sixty-fourth note, subdominant, submediant, subtonic, supertonic, thirty-second note, tonic, trill, whole note

Member meronymmusical scale, scale

7. tone (cognition) a steady sound without overtones

SamplesThey tested his hearing with pure tones of different frequencies.

Synonymspure tone

Broader (hypernym)auditory sensation, sound

Narrower (hyponym)harmonic

8. tone (state) the elastic tension of living muscles, arteries, etc. that facilitate response to stimuli

SamplesThe doctor tested my tonicity.

Synonymstonicity, tonus

Broader (hypernym)tautness, tenseness, tension, tensity

Narrower (hyponym)catatonia, hypertonia, hypertonicity, hypertonus, hypotonia, hypotonicity, hypotonus, muscle tone, muscular tonus, myotonia

Domain categorymuscle, muscular tissue

Antonymsamyotonia, atonia, atonicity, atony

9. tone (communication) a musical interval of two semitones

Synonymsstep, whole step, whole tone

Broader (hypernym)interval, musical interval

10. tone (attribute) the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author

SamplesThe general tone of articles appearing in the newspapers is that the government should withdraw.
From the tone of her behavior I gathered that I had outstayed my welcome.

Broader (hypernym)quality

English verb: tone

1. tone (communication) utter monotonously and repetitively and rhythmically

SamplesThe students chanted the same slogan over and over again.

Synonymschant, intone

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)mouth, speak, talk, utter, verbalise, verbalize

2. tone (communication) vary the pitch of one's speech

Synonymsinflect, modulate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)mouth, speak, talk, utter, verbalise, verbalize

3. tone (change) change the color or tone of

SamplesTone a negative.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)color, colour, discolor, discolour

4. tone (change) change to a color image

SamplesTone a photographic image.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)color, color in, colorise, colorize, colour, colour in, colourise, colourize

5. tone (body) give a healthy elasticity to

SamplesLet's tone our muscles.

Synonymsstrengthen, tone up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)exercise, work out

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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