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English noun: shake

1. shake (substance) building material used as siding or roofing


Broader (hypernym)building material

2. shake (food) frothy drink of milk and flavoring and sometimes fruit or ice cream

Synonymsmilk shake, milkshake

Broader (hypernym)drink

Narrower (hyponym)eggshake, frappe, malt, malted, malted milk

3. shake (communication) a note that alternates rapidly with another note a semitone above it


Broader (hypernym)musical note, note, tone

4. shake (communication) grasping and shaking a person's hand (as to acknowledge an introduction or to agree on a contract)

Synonymshandclasp, handshake, handshaking

Broader (hypernym)acknowledgement, acknowledgment

Domain categorycontract

5. shake (act) a reflex motion caused by cold or fear or excitement

Synonymsshiver, tremble

Broader (hypernym)inborn reflex, innate reflex, instinctive reflex, physiological reaction, reflex, reflex action, reflex response, unconditioned reflex

6. shake (act) causing to move repeatedly from side to side

Synonymswag, waggle

Broader (hypernym)agitation

English verb: shake

1. shake (motion) move or cause to move back and forth

SamplesThe chemist shook the flask vigorously.
My hands were shaking.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)move

Narrower (hyponym)concuss, convulse, convulse, fan, fluff up, jactitate, jiggle, joggle, palpitate, plump up, quake, rattle, shake up, shake up, slash, sparge, succuss, thrash, thrash about, thresh, thresh about, toss, tremble, tremor, wiggle

2. shake (body) move with or as if with a tremor

SamplesHis hands shook.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)move involuntarily, move reflexively

3. shake (motion) shake or vibrate rapidly and intensively

SamplesThe old engine was juddering.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)vibrate

Domain regionBritain, Great Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

4. shake (motion) move back and forth or sideways

SamplesThe ship was rocking.
The tall building swayed.
She rocked back and forth on her feet.

ExamplesThe crowds shake in the streets, The streets shake with crowds

Synonymsrock, sway

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)move back and forth

Narrower (hyponym)nutate, roll, swag, totter

Verb grouprock, sway

5. shake (change) undermine or cause to waver

SamplesMy faith has been shaken.
The bad news shook her hopes.

Pattern of useSomething ----s something

Broader (hypernym)weaken

6. shake (emotion) stir the feelings, emotions, or peace of

SamplesThese stories shook the community.
The civil war shook the country.

ExamplesThe bad news will shake him, The performance is likely to shake Sue

Synonymsexcite, shake up, stimulate, stir

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)arouse, elicit, enkindle, evoke, fire, kindle, provoke, raise

Narrower (hyponym)affright, animate, arouse, elate, enliven, exalt, excite, fright, frighten, fuel, inspire, intoxicate, invigorate, invite, lift up, pick up, scare, sex, tempt, thrill, tickle, titillate, turn on, uplift, vibrate, wind up

7. shake (motion) get rid of

SamplesI couldn't shake the car that was following me.

Synonymsescape from, shake off, throw off

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)break loose, escape, get away

8. shake (change) bring to a specified condition by or as if by shaking

SamplesHe was shaken from his dreams.
Shake the salt out of the salt shaker.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

9. shake (communication) shake (a body part) to communicate a greeting, feeling, or cognitive state

SamplesShake one's head.
She shook her finger at the naughty students.
The old enemies shook hands.
Don't shake your fist at me!.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)gesticulate, gesture, motion

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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