English dictionary



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English noun: spirit

1. spirit (person) the vital principle or animating force within living things


Broader (hypernym)life principle, vital principle


Narrower (hyponym)psyche, soul

2. spirit (state) the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people


SamplesThe feel of the city excited him.
A clergyman improved the tone of the meeting.
It had the smell of treason.


Synonymsfeel, feeling, flavor, flavour, look, smell, tone


Broader (hypernym)ambiance, ambience, atmosphere


Narrower (hyponym)Hollywood, Zeitgeist

3. spirit (attribute) a fundamental emotional and activating principle determining one's character


Broader (hypernym)character, fiber, fibre


Narrower (hyponym)braveness, bravery, courage, courageousness, cowardice, cowardliness

4. spirit (person) any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings


Synonymsdisembodied spirit


Broader (hypernym)spiritual being, supernatural being


Narrower (hyponym)apparition, banshee, banshie, control, djinn, djinni, djinny, evil spirit, familiar, familiar spirit, fantasm, genie, jinnee, jinni, kachina, numen, peri, phantasm, phantasma, phantom, presence, python, silvan, specter, spectre, sylvan, thunderbird, zombi, zombi spirit, zombie, zombie spirit

5. spirit (state) the state of a person's emotions (especially with regard to pleasure or dejection)


SamplesHis emotional state depended on her opinion.
He was in good spirits.
His spirit rose.


Synonymsemotional state


Broader (hypernym)emotion


Narrower (hyponym)ecstasy, embarrassment, exaltation, felicity, gratification, happiness, rapture, raptus, satisfaction, state, transport, unhappiness

6. spirit (communication) the intended meaning of a communication


Synonymsintent, purport


Broader (hypernym)import, meaning, significance, signification

7. spirit (attribute) animation and energy in action or expression


SamplesIt was a heavy play and the actors tried in vain to give life to it.


Synonymslife, liveliness, sprightliness


Broader (hypernym)animation, brio, invigoration, spiritedness, vivification


Narrower (hyponym)airiness, alacrity, breeziness, briskness, buoyancy, delicacy, ebullience, elan, energy, enthusiasm, esprit, exuberance, ginger, high-spiritedness, irrepressibility, jauntiness, muscularity, pep, peppiness, pertness, smartness, vigor, vigour, vim


Attributelively

8. spirit (attribute) an inclination or tendency of a certain kind


SamplesHe had a change of heart.


Synonymsheart


Broader (hypernym)disposition, temperament


English verb: spirit

1. spirit (change) infuse with spirit


SamplesThe company spirited him up.


Synonymsinspirit, spirit up


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)animate, enliven, invigorate, liven, liven up









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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