English dictionary

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English noun: spirit

1. spirit (person) the vital principle or animating force within living things

Broader (hypernym)life principle, vital principle

Narrower (hyponym)psyche, soul

2. spirit (state) the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people

SamplesThe feel of the city excited him.
A clergyman improved the tone of the meeting.
It had the smell of treason.

Synonymsfeel, feeling, flavor, flavour, look, smell, tone

Broader (hypernym)ambiance, ambience, atmosphere

Narrower (hyponym)Hollywood, Zeitgeist

3. spirit (attribute) a fundamental emotional and activating principle determining one's character

Broader (hypernym)character, fiber, fibre

Narrower (hyponym)braveness, bravery, courage, courageousness, cowardice, cowardliness

4. spirit (person) any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings

Synonymsdisembodied spirit

Broader (hypernym)spiritual being, supernatural being

Narrower (hyponym)apparition, banshee, banshie, control, djinn, djinni, djinny, evil spirit, familiar, familiar spirit, fantasm, genie, jinnee, jinni, kachina, numen, peri, phantasm, phantasma, phantom, presence, python, silvan, specter, spectre, sylvan, thunderbird, zombi, zombi spirit, zombie, zombie spirit

5. spirit (state) the state of a person's emotions (especially with regard to pleasure or dejection)

SamplesHis emotional state depended on her opinion.
He was in good spirits.
His spirit rose.

Synonymsemotional state

Broader (hypernym)emotion

Narrower (hyponym)ecstasy, embarrassment, exaltation, felicity, gratification, happiness, rapture, raptus, satisfaction, state, transport, unhappiness

6. spirit (communication) the intended meaning of a communication

Synonymsintent, purport

Broader (hypernym)import, meaning, significance, signification

7. spirit (attribute) animation and energy in action or expression

SamplesIt was a heavy play and the actors tried in vain to give life to it.

Synonymslife, liveliness, sprightliness

Broader (hypernym)animation, brio, invigoration, spiritedness, vivification

Narrower (hyponym)airiness, alacrity, breeziness, briskness, buoyancy, delicacy, ebullience, elan, energy, enthusiasm, esprit, exuberance, ginger, high-spiritedness, irrepressibility, jauntiness, muscularity, pep, peppiness, pertness, smartness, vigor, vigour, vim


8. spirit (attribute) an inclination or tendency of a certain kind

SamplesHe had a change of heart.


Broader (hypernym)disposition, temperament

English verb: spirit

1. spirit (change) infuse with spirit

SamplesThe company spirited him up.

Synonymsinspirit, spirit up

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)animate, enliven, invigorate, liven, liven up

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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