English dictionary

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English noun: substance

1. substance the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists

SamplesDNA is the substance of our genes.

Broader (hypernym)component, component part, constituent, matter, part, portion

Narrower (hyponym)activator, atom, body substance, chemical element, chemistry, element, element, essence, fluid, living substance, material, medium, medium, mixture, phlogiston, protoplasm, stuff, substrate, volatile

2. substance (cognition) the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

SamplesThe gist of the prosecutor's argument.
The heart and soul of the Republican Party.
The nub of the story.

Synonymscenter, centre, core, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, kernel, marrow, meat, nitty-gritty, nub, pith, sum

Broader (hypernym)cognitive content, content, mental object

Narrower (hyponym)bare bones, haecceity, hypostasis, quiddity, quintessence, stuff

3. substance (cognition) the idea that is intended

SamplesWhat is the meaning of this proverb?.


Broader (hypernym)idea, thought

Narrower (hyponym)connotation, denotation, extension, implication, import, reference, reference, semantics, significance, strain, tenor, undercurrent, undertone

4. substance (substance) material of a particular kind or constitution

SamplesThe immune response recognizes invading substances.

Broader (hypernym)physical entity

5. substance (possession) considerable capital (wealth or income)

SamplesHe is a man of means.


Broader (hypernym)capital

Narrower (hyponym)pocketbook, wherewithal

6. substance (communication) what a communication that is about something is about

Synonymscontent, message, subject matter

Broader (hypernym)communication

Narrower (hyponym)acknowledgement, acknowledgment, approval, aside, body, bunk, commendation, commitment, corker, counsel, counseling, counselling, dedication, digression, direction, direction, disapproval, discourtesy, disrespect, divagation, drivel, entry, excursus, garbage, guidance, hokum, humor, humour, import, info, information, insertion, instruction, interpolation, latent content, meaning, meaninglessness, memorial, narration, narrative, nonsense, nonsensicality, offer, offering, opinion, packaging, parenthesis, petition, postulation, promotion, promotional material, proposal, publicity, refusal, reminder, request, respects, sensationalism, shocker, significance, signification, statement, statement, story, subject, submission, tale, theme, topic, view, wit, witticism, wittiness

7. substance a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties

SamplesShigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man.

Broader (hypernym)matter

Narrower (hyponym)adulterant, adulterator, agent, allergen, antigen, assay, carcinogen, chemical irritant, denaturant, digestive, elixir, ferment, fomentation, food, fuel, humectant, hydrocolloid, inhibitor, inoculant, inoculum, jelly, leaven, leavening, ligand, lube, lubricant, lubricating substance, lubricator, lysin, metabolite, nutrient, nutrient, philosopher's stone, philosophers' stone, poison, poisonous substance, propellant, propellent, pyrectic, pyrogen, pyrogen, refrigerant, toxicant, vehicle

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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