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English noun: substance

1. substance the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists


SamplesDNA is the substance of our genes.


Broader (hypernym)component, component part, constituent, matter, part, portion


Narrower (hyponym)activator, atom, body substance, chemical element, chemistry, element, element, essence, fluid, living substance, material, medium, medium, mixture, phlogiston, protoplasm, stuff, substrate, volatile

2. substance (cognition) the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience


SamplesThe gist of the prosecutor's argument.
The heart and soul of the Republican Party.
The nub of the story.


Synonymscenter, centre, core, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, kernel, marrow, meat, nitty-gritty, nub, pith, sum


Broader (hypernym)cognitive content, content, mental object


Narrower (hyponym)bare bones, haecceity, hypostasis, quiddity, quintessence, stuff

3. substance (cognition) the idea that is intended


SamplesWhat is the meaning of this proverb?.


Synonymsmeaning


Broader (hypernym)idea, thought


Narrower (hyponym)connotation, denotation, extension, implication, import, reference, reference, semantics, significance, strain, tenor, undercurrent, undertone

4. substance (substance) material of a particular kind or constitution


SamplesThe immune response recognizes invading substances.


Broader (hypernym)physical entity

5. substance (possession) considerable capital (wealth or income)


SamplesHe is a man of means.


Synonymsmeans


Broader (hypernym)capital


Narrower (hyponym)pocketbook, wherewithal

6. substance (communication) what a communication that is about something is about


Synonymscontent, message, subject matter


Broader (hypernym)communication


Narrower (hyponym)acknowledgement, acknowledgment, approval, aside, body, bunk, commendation, commitment, corker, counsel, counseling, counselling, dedication, digression, direction, direction, disapproval, discourtesy, disrespect, divagation, drivel, entry, excursus, garbage, guidance, hokum, humor, humour, import, info, information, insertion, instruction, interpolation, latent content, meaning, meaninglessness, memorial, narration, narrative, nonsense, nonsensicality, offer, offering, opinion, packaging, parenthesis, petition, postulation, promotion, promotional material, proposal, publicity, refusal, reminder, request, respects, sensationalism, shocker, significance, signification, statement, statement, story, subject, submission, tale, theme, topic, view, wit, witticism, wittiness

7. substance a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties


SamplesShigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man.


Broader (hypernym)matter


Narrower (hyponym)adulterant, adulterator, agent, allergen, antigen, assay, carcinogen, chemical irritant, denaturant, digestive, elixir, ferment, fomentation, food, fuel, humectant, hydrocolloid, inhibitor, inoculant, inoculum, jelly, leaven, leavening, ligand, lube, lubricant, lubricating substance, lubricator, lysin, metabolite, nutrient, nutrient, philosopher's stone, philosophers' stone, poison, poisonous substance, propellant, propellent, pyrectic, pyrogen, pyrogen, refrigerant, toxicant, vehicle









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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