English dictionary

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English noun: backbone

1. backbone (cognition) a central cohesive source of support and stability

SamplesFaith is his anchor.
The keystone of campaign reform was the ban on soft money.
He is the linchpin of this firm.

Synonymsanchor, keystone, linchpin, lynchpin, mainstay

Broader (hypernym)support

2. backbone (attribute) fortitude and determination

SamplesHe didn't have the guts to try it.

Synonymsgrit, gumption, guts, moxie, sand

Broader (hypernym)fortitude

Domain usagecolloquialism

3. backbone (body) the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord

SamplesThe fall broke his back.

Synonymsback, rachis, spinal column, spine, vertebral column

Broader (hypernym)skeletal structure

Narrower (hyponym)chine, notochord

Part holonymcanalis vertebralis, coccyx, intervertebral disc, intervertebral disk, spinal canal, tail bone, vertebra, vertebral canal

Part meronymaxial skeleton

4. backbone (artifact) the part of a book's cover that encloses the inner side of the book's pages and that faces outward when the book is shelved

SamplesThe title and author were printed on the spine of the book.


Broader (hypernym)part, portion

Part meronymbook, volume

5. backbone (artifact) the part of a network that connects other networks together

SamplesThe backbone is the part of a communication network that carries the heaviest traffic.

Broader (hypernym)connecter, connection, connective, connector, connexion

Part meronymmesh, meshing, meshwork, net, network

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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