English dictionary



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English noun: reference

1. reference (communication) a remark that calls attention to something or someone


SamplesShe made frequent mention of her promotion.
There was no mention of it.
The speaker made several references to his wife.


Synonymsmention


Broader (hypernym)comment, input, remark


Narrower (hyponym)allusion, name-dropping, retrospection

2. reference (communication) a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage


SamplesThe student's essay failed to list several important citations.
The acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book.
The article includes mention of similar clinical cases.


Synonymsacknowledgment, citation, cite, credit, mention, quotation


Broader (hypernym)annotation, notation, note


Narrower (hyponym)cross-index, cross-reference, photo credit

3. reference (communication) an indicator that orients you generally


SamplesIt is used as a reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy involved.


Synonymspoint of reference, reference point


Broader (hypernym)indicator


Narrower (hyponym)bench mark, benchmark, buoy, landmark, lubber line, lubber's line, lubber's mark, lubber's point, mark, target, white line

4. reference (communication) a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts


SamplesHe contributed articles to the basic reference work on that topic.


Synonymsbook of facts, reference book, reference work


Broader (hypernym)book


Narrower (hyponym)annual, atlas, book of maps, cookbook, cookery book, cyclopaedia, cyclopedia, directory, enchiridion, encyclopaedia, encyclopedia, handbook, instruction book, map collection, source book, vade mecum, wordbook, yearbook, yearly

5. reference (communication) a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability


SamplesRequests for character references are all too often answered evasively.


Synonymscharacter, character reference


Broader (hypernym)good word, recommendation, testimonial

6. reference (cognition) the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to


SamplesThe extension of `satellite of Mars' is the set containing only Demos and Phobos.


Synonymsdenotation, extension


Broader (hypernym)meaning, substance

7. reference (act) the act of referring or consulting


SamplesReference to an encyclopedia produced the answer.


Synonymsconsultation


Broader (hypernym)action

8. reference (communication) a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to


SamplesHe carried an armful of references back to his desk.
He spent hours looking for the source of that quotation.


Synonymssource


Broader (hypernym)publication

9. reference (communication) (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored


Synonymsaddress, computer address


Broader (hypernym)code, computer code


Narrower (hyponym)argument, parameter, uniform resource locator, universal resource locator, URL


Domain categorycomputer science, computing

10. reference (cognition) the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to


SamplesHe argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes.


Broader (hypernym)meaning, substance


English verb: reference

1. reference (creation) refer to


SamplesHe referenced his colleagues' work.


ExamplesDid he reference his major works over a short period of time?


Synonymscite


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)compose, indite, pen, write


Domain categoryauthorship, composition, penning, writing









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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