English noun: essence
|1.||essence (cognition) the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience|
|Samples||The gist of the prosecutor's argument.|
The heart and soul of the Republican Party.
The nub of the story.
|Synonyms||center, centre, core, gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, kernel, marrow, meat, nitty-gritty, nub, pith, substance, sum|
|Broader (hypernym)||cognitive content, content, mental object|
|Narrower (hyponym)||bare bones, haecceity, hypostasis, quiddity, quintessence, stuff|
|2.||essence (substance) any substance possessing to a high degree the predominant properties of a plant or drug or other natural product from which it is extracted|
|3.||essence (communication) the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work|
|Synonyms||burden, core, effect, gist|
|Broader (hypernym)||import, meaning, significance, signification|
|4.||essence (artifact) a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor|
|Broader (hypernym)||toilet articles, toiletry|
|Narrower (hyponym)||cologne, cologne water, eau de cologne, eau de toilette, pachouli, patchouli, patchouly, perfumery, potpourri, rose water, toilet water|