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English adjective: second

1. second coming next after the first in position in space or time or degree or magnitude

Synonyms2d, 2nd



2. second a part or voice or instrument or orchestra section lower in pitch than or subordinate to the first

SamplesSecond flute.
The second violins.

Domain categorymusic


English noun: second

1. second (time) 1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites

Synonymss, sec

Broader (hypernym)time unit, unit of time

Narrower (hyponym)leap second

Part holonymmillisecond, msec

Part meronymmin, minute

2. second (time) an indefinitely short time

SamplesWait just a moment.
In a mo.
It only takes a minute.
In just a bit.

Synonymsbit, minute, mo, moment

Broader (hypernym)time

Narrower (hyponym)blink of an eye, flash, heartbeat, instant, jiffy, New York minute, split second, trice, twinkling, wink

3. second (act) the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed near the second of the bases in the infield

Synonymssecond base

Broader (hypernym)position

Member meronymbaseball team

4. second (time) a particular point in time

SamplesThe moment he arrived the party began.

Synonymsinstant, minute, moment

Broader (hypernym)point, point in time

Narrower (hyponym)climax, culmination, eleventh hour, last minute, moment of truth, moment of truth, pinpoint, psychological moment, time

5. second following the first in an ordering or series

SamplesHe came in a close second.

Broader (hypernym)rank

Narrower (hyponym)latter

6. second (quantity) a 60th part of a minute of arc

SamplesThe treasure is 2 minutes and 45 seconds south of here.


Broader (hypernym)angular unit

Part meronymarcminute, minute, minute of arc

7. second (person) the official attendant of a contestant in a duel or boxing match

Broader (hypernym)attendant, attender, tender

8. second (communication) a speech seconding a motion

SamplesDo I hear a second?.

Synonymsendorsement, indorsement, secondment

Broader (hypernym)agreement

9. second (artifact) the gear that has the second lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle

SamplesHe had to shift down into second to make the hill.

Synonymssecond gear

Broader (hypernym)gear, gear mechanism

Part meronymautomotive vehicle, motor vehicle

10. second (artifact) merchandise that has imperfections; usually sold at a reduced price without the brand name


Broader (hypernym)merchandise, product, ware

English adverb: second

1. second in the second place

SamplesSecond, we must consider the economy.


English verb: second

1. second (social) give support or one's approval to

SamplesI'll second that motion.
I can't back this plan.
Endorse a new project.

Synonymsback, endorse, indorse

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)back up, support

Verb groupback, endorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for, support

2. second (social) transfer an employee to a different, temporary assignment

SamplesThe officer was seconded for duty overseas.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)reassign, transfer

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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