English dictionary



Hint: Wildcards can be used multiple times in a query.

English noun: keep

1. keep (possession) the financial means whereby one lives


SamplesEach child was expected to pay for their keep.
He applied to the state for support.
He could no longer earn his own livelihood.


Synonymsbread and butter, livelihood, living, support, sustenance


Broader (hypernym)resource


Narrower (hyponym)amenities, comforts, conveniences, creature comforts, maintenance, meal ticket, subsistence

2. keep (artifact) the main tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortress


Synonymsdonjon, dungeon


Broader (hypernym)fastness, stronghold


Instance hyponymBlack Hole of Calcutta


Part meronymcastle

3. keep (artifact) a cell in a jail or prison


Synonymshold


Broader (hypernym)cell, jail cell, prison cell


English verb: keep

1. keep (stative) keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g.,


SamplesKeep clean.
Hold in place.
She always held herself as a lady.
The students keep me on my toes.


Synonymshold, maintain


Pattern of useSomething ----s something Adjective/Noun.
Somebody ----s somebody PP.
Somebody ----s something PP


Narrower (hyponym)bear on, carry on, conserve, continue, distance, hold over, housekeep, preserve, preserve, pressurise, pressurize, uphold

2. keep (stative) continue a certain state, condition, or activity


SamplesKeep on working!.
We continued to work into the night.
Keep smiling.
We went on working until well past midnight.


ExamplesThey keep moving


Synonymscontinue, go along, go on, proceed


Pattern of useSomebody ----s VERB-ing


Broader (hypernym)act, move


Narrower (hyponym)hold, keep going, ride, run on


Verb groupbear on, carry on, continue, continue, preserve, uphold


Antonymsdiscontinue

3. keep (possession) retain possession of


SamplesCan I keep my old stuffed animals?.
She kept her maiden name after she married.


ExamplesThey keep the money


Synonymshold on


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)have, have got, hold


Narrower (hyponym)carry over, deduct, deny, harbor, harbour, hive away, hold, hold back, hold over, keep back, lay in, preserve, put in, recoup, refuse, retain, salt away, save, stack away, stash away, store, store, withhold


Verb grouphold open, keep, keep open, save


Antonymslose

4. keep (social) stop (someone or something) from doing something or being in a certain state


SamplesWe must prevent the cancer from spreading.
His snoring kept me from falling asleep.
Keep the child from eating the marbles.


ExamplesThey keep him from writing the letter


Synonymsprevent


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody PP.
Somebody ----s something PP


Narrower (hyponym)blank, defend, exclude, hinder, hold, impede, keep away, keep out, rain out, shut, shut out, wash out


Verb groupkeep


Antonymsallow, let, permit

5. keep (social) conform one's action or practice to


SamplesKeep appointments.
She never keeps her promises.
We kept to the original conditions of the contract.


Synonymsobserve


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Narrower (hyponym)make good


Antonymsbreach, infract, transgress, go against, offend, violate, break

6. keep (cognition) stick to correctly or closely


SamplesThe pianist kept time with the metronome.
Keep count.
I cannot keep track of all my employees.


Synonymsmaintain, observe


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

7. keep (possession) look after; be the keeper of; have charge of


SamplesHe keeps the shop when I am gone.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)have, have got, hold


Narrower (hyponym)conserve, keep up, maintain, preserve


Verb groupkeep, preserve

8. keep (communication) maintain by writing regular records


SamplesKeep a diary.
Maintain a record.
Keep notes.


Synonymsmaintain


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)enter, put down, record

9. keep (stative) supply with room and board


SamplesHe is keeping three women in the guest cottage.
Keep boarders.


ExamplesSam cannot keep Sue


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)accommodate, lodge

10. keep (social) allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature


SamplesWe cannot continue several servants any longer.
She retains a lawyer.
The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff.
Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on.
We kept the work going as long as we could.
She retained her composure.
This garment retains its shape even after many washings.


Synonymscontinue, keep on, retain


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)keep up, prolong, sustain


Verb groupcontinue, persist in

11. keep (consumption) supply with necessities and support


SamplesShe alone sustained her family.
The money will sustain our good cause.
There's little to earn and many to keep.


Synonymsmaintain, sustain


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody.
Something ----s something


Broader (hypernym)have, have got, hold


Narrower (hyponym)carry, patronage, reseed

12. keep (stative) fail to spoil or rot


SamplesThese potatoes keep for a long time.


ExamplesThis food does keep well


Synonymsstay fresh


Pattern of useSomething ----s


Broader (hypernym)remain, rest, stay


Verb groupkeep, preserve

13. keep (social) behave as expected during of holidays or rites


SamplesKeep the commandments.
Celebrate Christmas.
Observe Yom Kippur.


Synonymscelebrate, observe


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Narrower (hyponym)commemorate, mark, mourn, solemnise, solemnize

14. keep (social) keep under control; keep in check


SamplesSuppress a smile.
Keep your temper.
Keep your cool.


Synonymshold back, keep back, restrain


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody PP


Broader (hypernym)bottle up, inhibit, suppress


Narrower (hyponym)bottle up, check, confine, contain, control, curb, hold, hold, hold in, inhibit, moderate, suppress

15. keep (stative) maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger


SamplesMay God keep you.


Synonymspreserve


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)protect


Verb groupkeep

16. keep (stative) raise


SamplesShe keeps a few chickens in the yard.
He keeps bees.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)farm, grow, produce, raise


Narrower (hyponym)herd

17. keep (possession) retain rights to


SamplesKeep my job for me while I give birth.
Keep my seat, please.
Keep open the possibility of a merger.


Synonymshold open, keep open, save


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)book, hold, reserve


Verb grouphold on, keep

18. keep (possession) store or keep customarily


SamplesWhere do you keep your gardening tools?.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)store


Verb groupkeep

19. keep (possession) have as a supply


SamplesI always keep batteries in the freezer.
Keep food for a week in the pantry.
She keeps a sixpack and a week's worth of supplies in the refrigerator.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)have, have got, hold


Verb groupkeep

20. keep (possession) maintain for use and service


SamplesI keep a car in the countryside.
She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips.


Synonymsmaintain


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)have, have got, hold

21. keep (contact) hold and prevent from leaving


SamplesThe student was kept after school.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody


Broader (hypernym)confine, detain


Verb groupkeep, prevent

22. keep (change) prevent (food) from rotting


SamplesPreserved meats.
Keep potatoes fresh.


Synonymspreserve


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something


Broader (hypernym)cook, fix, make, prepare, ready


Narrower (hyponym)can, conserve, corn, cure, dehydrate, desiccate, freeze-dry, pickle, put up, refrigerate, salt, tin


Verb groupkeep, stay fresh









Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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