English dictionary

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English verb: suffer

1. suffer (perception) undergo or be subjected to

SamplesHe suffered the penalty.
Many saints suffered martyrdom.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)experience, go through, see

Narrower (hyponym)die, tolerate


2. suffer (body) undergo (as of injuries and illnesses)

SamplesShe suffered a fracture in the accident.
He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars.
She got a bruise on her leg.
He got his arm broken in the scuffle.

Synonymsget, have, sustain

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)experience, get, have, receive

Narrower (hyponym)break down, break up, collapse, collapse, crack, crack up, cramp, crock up

Verb grouphave

3. suffer (emotion) experience (emotional) pain

SamplesEvery time her husband gets drunk, she suffers.

ExamplesSam and Sue suffer

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)experience, feel

Narrower (hyponym)agonise, agonize, anguish, grieve, lose, sorrow

Verb groupabide, bear, brook, digest, endure, put up, stand, stick out, stomach, suffer, support, tolerate

4. suffer (cognition) put up with something or somebody unpleasant

SamplesI cannot bear his constant criticism.
The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks.
He learned to tolerate the heat.
She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage.

ExamplesSam cannot suffer Sue

Synonymsabide, bear, brook, digest, endure, put up, stand, stick out, stomach, support, tolerate

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)allow, countenance, let, permit

Narrower (hyponym)accept, bear up, hold still for, live with, pay, sit out, stand for, swallow, take a joke, take lying down

Verb groupsuffer

5. suffer (change) get worse

SamplesHis grades suffered.

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)decline, worsen

Verb grouplose, suffer

6. suffer (body) feel pain or be in pain

ExamplesSam and Sue suffer


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)be

Narrower (hyponym)ail, choke, famish, gag, have, hunger, starve, strangle, suffocate

Antonymsbe well

7. suffer (perception) feel physical pain

SamplesWere you hurting after the accident?.

ExamplesSam and Sue suffer

Synonymsache, hurt

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)comprehend, perceive

Narrower (hyponym)catch, get, kill, prick, sting, twinge, twinge

8. suffer (body) feel unwell or uncomfortable

SamplesShe is suffering from the hot weather.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)be

Narrower (hyponym)freeze, swelter

9. suffer (stative) be given to

SamplesShe suffers from a tendency to talk too much.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)be given, incline, lean, run, tend

10. suffer (perception) undergo or suffer

SamplesMeet a violent death.
Suffer a terrible fate.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)experience, go through, see

11. suffer (change) be set at a disadvantage

SamplesThis author really suffers in translation.


Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)decline, worsen

Verb groupsuffer

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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