English dictionary

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English noun: charge

1. charge (act) an impetuous rush toward someone or something

SamplesThe wrestler's charge carried him past his adversary.
The battle began with a cavalry charge.

Broader (hypernym)attack, onrush, onset, onslaught

Narrower (hyponym)countercharge

2. charge (communication) (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense

SamplesHe was arrested on a charge of larceny.


Broader (hypernym)pleading

Narrower (hyponym)accusal, accusation

Part meronymbill of indictment, indictment

Domain categorycriminal law

3. charge (possession) the price charged for some article or service

SamplesThe admission charge.

Broader (hypernym)cost

Narrower (hyponym)agio, agiotage, carrying charge, charge per unit, demurrage, depreciation charge, exchange premium, fare, fixed charge, fixed cost, fixed costs, installation charge, overcharge, porterage, postage, poundage, premium, rate, service charge, service fee, stowage, surcharge, tankage, transportation, undercharge, water-rate

4. charge (phenomenon) the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons

SamplesThe battery needed a fresh charge.

Synonymselectric charge

Broader (hypernym)electrical phenomenon

Narrower (hyponym)electrostatic charge, negative charge, positive charge

5. charge (act) attention and management implying responsibility for safety

SamplesHe is in the care of a bodyguard.

Synonymscare, guardianship, tutelage

Broader (hypernym)protection

Narrower (hyponym)due care, foster care, great care, ordinary care, providence, reasonable care, slight care

6. charge (act) a special assignment that is given to a person or group

SamplesA confidential mission to London.
His charge was deliver a message.

Synonymscommission, mission

Broader (hypernym)assignment, duty assignment

Narrower (hyponym)fool's errand, martyr operation, mission impossible, sacrifice operation, suicide mission

7. charge (person) a person committed to your care

SamplesThe teacher led her charges across the street.

Broader (hypernym)dependant, dependent

8. charge (possession) financial liabilities (such as a tax)

SamplesThe charges against the estate.

Broader (hypernym)liabilities

Narrower (hyponym)assessment, encumbrance, incumbrance, levy

Domain categoryrevenue enhancement, tax, taxation

9. charge (motive) (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object

SamplesFreud thought of cathexis as a psychic analog of an electrical charge.


Broader (hypernym)libidinal energy

Domain categoryanalysis, depth psychology, psychoanalysis

10. charge (feeling) the swift release of a store of affective force

SamplesThey got a great bang out of it.
What a boot!.
He got a quick rush from injecting heroin.
He does it for kicks.

Synonymsbang, boot, flush, kick, rush, thrill

Broader (hypernym)excitement, exhilaration

11. charge (communication) request for payment of a debt

SamplesThey submitted their charges at the end of each month.


Broader (hypernym)asking, request

Narrower (hyponym)presentment

12. charge (communication) a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something

SamplesThe judge's charge to the jury.

Synonymscommission, direction

Broader (hypernym)bid, bidding, command, dictation

Narrower (hyponym)misdirection

13. charge (communication) an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence

SamplesThe newspaper published charges that Jones was guilty of drunken driving.


Broader (hypernym)assertion, asseveration, averment

Narrower (hyponym)countercharge

14. charge (artifact) heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield

Synonymsarmorial bearing, bearing, heraldic bearing

Broader (hypernym)heraldry

Narrower (hyponym)annulet, chevron, fleur-de-lis, fleur-de-lys, ordinary, roundel

15. charge (artifact) a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time

SamplesThis cartridge has a powder charge of 50 grains.

Synonymsburster, bursting charge, explosive charge

Broader (hypernym)explosive

Narrower (hyponym)rocket fuel, rocket propellant, rocket propellent, shot, undercharge

English verb: charge

1. charge (competition) to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle

SamplesHe saw Jess charging at him with a pitchfork.

Synonymsbear down

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)rush

2. charge (communication) blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against

SamplesHe charged the director with indifference.

ExamplesThey want to charge the prisoners


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody with something

Narrower (hyponym)accuse, asperse, besmirch, blame, calumniate, criminate, defame, denigrate, fault, impeach, incriminate, indict, slander, smear, smirch, sully

3. charge (possession) demand payment

SamplesWill I get charged for this service?.
We were billed for 4 nights in the hotel, although we stayed only 3 nights.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody something

Broader (hypernym)account, calculate

Narrower (hyponym)assess, impose, invoice, levy, surcharge, tithe, undercharge

Verb groupcharge

4. charge (motion) move quickly and violently

SamplesThe car tore down the street.
He came charging into my office.

Synonymsbuck, shoot, shoot down, tear

Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)belt along, bucket along, cannonball along, hasten, hie, hotfoot, pelt along, race, rush, rush along, speed, step on it

Narrower (hyponym)rip

Verb groupdart, dash, flash, scoot, scud, shoot

5. charge (social) assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to

SamplesHe was appointed deputy manager.
She was charged with supervising the creation of a concordance.

ExamplesThey charge him to write the letter


Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody something

Narrower (hyponym)accredit, assign, authorise, authorize, create, delegate, depute, depute, deputise, deputize, designate, empower, make, name, nominate

6. charge (communication) file a formal charge against

SamplesThe suspect was charged with murdering his wife.

Synonymsfile, lodge

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Somebody ----s somebody with something.
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)accuse, criminate, impeach, incriminate

Narrower (hyponym)impeach

7. charge (communication) make an accusatory claim

SamplesThe defense attorney charged that the jurors were biased.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)claim

Narrower (hyponym)complain, tax

8. charge (contact) fill or load to capacity

SamplesCharge the wagon with hay.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody with something.
Somebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Narrower (hyponym)burden, burthen, freight, weight, weight down

Verb groupcharge


9. charge (possession) enter a certain amount as a charge

SamplesHe charged me $15.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s something to somebody

Broader (hypernym)debit

Verb groupbill, charge

10. charge (possession) cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution

SamplesAfter the second episode, she had to be committed.
He was committed to prison.

Synonymscommit, institutionalise, institutionalize, send

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody PP

Broader (hypernym)transfer

Narrower (hyponym)hospitalise, hospitalize

11. charge (possession) give over to another for care or safekeeping

SamplesConsign your baggage.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something to somebody

Broader (hypernym)commit, confide, entrust, intrust, trust

Narrower (hyponym)check, check, hock, pawn, pledge, soak

12. charge (possession) pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt

SamplesWill you pay cash or charge the purchase?.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s something to somebody.
Somebody ----s something PP

Broader (hypernym)pay

Antonymspay cash

13. charge (motion) lie down on command, of hunting dogs

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)lie, lie down

14. charge (emotion) cause to be agitated, excited, or roused

SamplesThe speaker charged up the crowd with his inflammatory remarks.

Synonymsagitate, charge up, commove, excite, rouse, turn on

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody.
Something ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)disturb, trouble, upset

Narrower (hyponym)bother, electrify, hype up, pother, psych up

Antonymscalm, still, tranquilize, tranquillise, tranquillize, calm down, quiet, quieten, lull

15. charge (creation) place a heraldic bearing on

SamplesCharge all weapons, shields, and banners.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)paint

Domain categoryart, artistic creation, artistic production

16. charge (contact) provide (a device) with something necessary

SamplesHe loaded his gun carefully.
Load the camera.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)fill, fill up, make full

Narrower (hyponym)recharge, reload

17. charge (competition) direct into a position for use

SamplesPoint a gun.
He charged his weapon at me.

Synonymslevel, point

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)aim, direct, take, take aim, train

Verb grouppoint

18. charge (communication) impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to

SamplesHe charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend.

Synonymsburden, saddle

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody with something.
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)command, require

Narrower (hyponym)adjure, bear down, deluge, flood out, overburden, overwhelm

19. charge (communication) instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Somebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)instruct

Domain categoryjurisprudence, law

20. charge (communication) instruct or command with authority

SamplesThe teacher charged the children to memorize the poem.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE

Broader (hypernym)instruct

21. charge (cognition) attribute responsibility to

SamplesWe blamed the accident on her.
The tragedy was charged to her inexperience.


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)ascribe, assign, attribute, impute

22. charge (cognition) set or ask for a certain price

SamplesHow much do you charge for lunch?.
This fellow charges $100 for a massage.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)determine, set

23. charge (change) cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on

SamplesCharge a conductor.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, modify

Verb groupcharge

24. charge (change) energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge

SamplesI need to charge my car battery.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)furnish, provide, render, supply

Narrower (hyponym)recharge

Verb groupcharge

25. charge (change) saturate

SamplesThe room was charged with tension and anxiety.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something.
Something ----s something

Broader (hypernym)impregnate, saturate

Verb groupcharge

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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