English dictionary

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English noun: jump

1. jump (event) a sudden and decisive increase

SamplesA jump in attendance.


Broader (hypernym)increase

Narrower (hyponym)quantum jump, quantum leap

2. jump (event) an abrupt transition

SamplesA successful leap from college to the major leagues.

Synonymsleap, saltation

Broader (hypernym)transition

Narrower (hyponym)quantum jump

3. jump (communication) (film) an abrupt transition from one scene to another

Broader (hypernym)transition

4. jump (act) a sudden involuntary movement

SamplesHe awoke with a start.

Synonymsstart, startle

Broader (hypernym)inborn reflex, innate reflex, instinctive reflex, physiological reaction, reflex, reflex action, reflex response, unconditioned reflex

Narrower (hyponym)flinch, Moro reflex, startle reaction, startle reflex, startle response, wince

5. jump (act) descent with a parachute

SamplesHe had done a lot of parachuting in the army.


Broader (hypernym)descent

Narrower (hyponym)skydiving

6. jump (act) the act of jumping; propelling yourself off the ground

SamplesHe advanced in a series of jumps.
The jumping was unexpected.


Broader (hypernym)actuation, propulsion

Narrower (hyponym)bounce, bound, capriole, header, hop, hurdle, jumping up and down, leap, leaping, saltation, spring, vault

English verb: jump

1. jump (motion) move forward by leaps and bounds

SamplesThe horse bounded across the meadow.
The child leapt across the puddle.
Can you jump over the fence?.

ExamplesThe horses jump across the field

Synonymsbound, leap, spring

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Somebody ----s.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)move

Narrower (hyponym)bounce, bounce, bound, burst, caper, capriole, curvet, galumph, hop, hop, hop-skip, leapfrog, overleap, pronk, rebound, recoil, resile, reverberate, ricochet, saltate, ski jump, skip, spring, take a hop, vault, vault

2. jump (motion) move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm

SamplesShe startled when I walked into the room.

Synonymsstart, startle

Pattern of useSomebody ----s.
Somebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)move

Narrower (hyponym)boggle, jackrabbit, rear back, shy

3. jump (competition) make a sudden physical attack on

SamplesThe muggers jumped the woman in the fur coat.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s somebody

Broader (hypernym)assail, assault, attack, set on

4. jump (change) increase suddenly and significantly

SamplesPrices jumped overnight.

Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)climb, mount, rise, wax

5. jump (stative) be highly noticeable

Synonymsjump out, leap out, stand out, stick out

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP.
It ----s that CLAUSE

Broader (hypernym)appear, look, seem

6. jump (competition) enter eagerly into

SamplesHe jumped into the game.

Pattern of useSomebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)enter, participate

7. jump (change) rise in rank or status

SamplesHer new novel jumped high on the bestseller list.

Synonymsclimb up, rise

Pattern of useSomething ----s.
Something is ----ing PP

Broader (hypernym)change

8. jump (motion) jump down from an elevated point

SamplesThe parachutist didn't want to jump.
Every year, hundreds of people jump off the Golden Gate bridge.
The widow leapt into the funeral pyre.

Synonymsjump off, leap

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)move

9. jump (motion) run off or leave the rails

SamplesThe train derailed because a cow was standing on the tracks.


Pattern of useSomething ----s

Broader (hypernym)go, locomote, move, travel

10. jump (motion) jump from an airplane and descend with a parachute

Synonymschute, parachute

Pattern of useSomebody ----s

Broader (hypernym)dive, plunge, plunk

Narrower (hyponym)sky dive, skydive

Entailcome down, descend, fall, glide, go down

11. jump (motion) cause to jump or leap

SamplesThe trainer jumped the tiger through the hoop.

ExamplesThe men jump the horses across the field


Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Causebound, jump, leap, spring

12. jump (motion) start (a car engine whose battery is dead) by connecting it to another car's battery

ExamplesThese cars won't jump

Synonymsjump-start, jumpstart

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)start, start up

13. jump (cognition) bypass

SamplesHe skipped a row in the text and so the sentence was incomprehensible.

Synonymspass over, skip, skip over

Pattern of useSomebody ----s something

Broader (hypernym)drop, leave out, miss, neglect, omit, overleap, overlook, pretermit

14. jump (change) pass abruptly from one state or topic to another

SamplesLeap into fame.
Jump to a conclusion.
Jump from one thing to another.


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)change, shift, switch

15. jump (change) go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions


Pattern of useSomething is ----ing PP.
Somebody ----s PP

Broader (hypernym)alter, change, vary

Based on WordNet 3.0 copyright © Princeton University.
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